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Theory and their Founders- Child Pedagogy Study Notes :Download FREE PDF

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Theory and their Founders- Child Pedagogy Study Notes :Download FREE PDF_30.1

Child Development & Pedagogy” is main section in CTET/TET exams. This section carries 30 marks in each paper according CTET/TET syllabus.  This subject is compulsory for all students in both papers of CTET exam.

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Child Development and Pedagogy subject content includes Child Development -15 marks , Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs -5 marks & Learning and Pedagogy-10 marks. So, here we are providing you Child Pedagogy Study Notes in bilingual (Hindi and English) which will help you in preparing for CTET/TET Exam. Today Topic is : Theory and their Founders

Child Pedagogy Section in CTET: How to Improve Your Score

Child Development Study Notes

S. No Paradigms Contributors
1 Behaviorism John B. Watson, Ivan Pavlov, B.F. Skinner, E. L. Thorndike, Albert Bandura
2 Cognitivism Noam Chomsky, Marriner David Merill , Charles Reigeluth , Robert Mills Gagné , Jerome Bruner, Roger Schank
3 Constructivism Lev S Vygotsky, Jean Piaget, John Dewey , Jerome Seymour, Bruner
4 Humanism Abraham Maslow, Carl Rogers, Malcolm Knowles


1. Cognitive Apprenticeship (Collins et al.)
2. Cognitive Dissonance (Festinger)
3. Communities of Practice Lave and Wenger
4. Connectivism Siemens, Downes
5. Discovery Learning Bruner
6. Ecological Theory of Development Bronfenbrenner
7. Multiliteracies New London Group
8. Semiotics deSaussure, Barthes, Bakhtin
9. Social Development Theory Vygotsky
10. Problem-Based Learning wood


1. Activity Theory Vygotsky, Leont’ev, Luria, Engstrom
2. Bloom’s Taxonomy Bloom
3. Distributed Cognition Hutchins
4. Social Network Analysis Scott, Prell


1. Cognitive development Jean Piaget
2. Psychosocial Development Erik Erikson
3. Social development theory Lev Vygotsky
4. Moral Development Lawrance Kohlberg
5. Attachment Theory Bowlby
6. Cognitive Tools Theory Egan
7. Object Relations Theory Klein
8. Separation-Individuation Theory Mahler
9. Social Learning Theory Albert Bandura


1. ARCS Model of Motivational Design Keller
2. Emotional Intelligence Goleman
3. Experiential Learning Kolb
4. Intrinsically Motivating Instruction Malone
5. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Maslow
6. Positive Psychology / PERMA Theory Seligman
7. Self-Determination Theory Deci and Ryan


1. Erikson’s Stages of Development Erik Erikson
2. Identity Status Theory Marcia
3. Mindset: Fixed vs. Growth Mindset Dweck
4. Narcissism Kernberg
5. Self-Perception Theory Bem
6. Self-Theories: Entity and Incremental Theory Dweck
7. Social Identity Theory Tajfel, Turner
8. Stereotype Threat Steele


1. Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov
2. Operant Conditioning B.F. Skinner
3. instrumental conditioning B.F. Skinner
4. Social Learning Theory (Bobo doll experiment) Albert Bandura


Learning Methods
1. Montessori Method Maria Montessori
2. Kindergarden Method Frobel
3. Playway Method Frobel
4. Heuristic Method Henery Armstrong
5. Dalton Method Helean Parkhast
6. Project Method William Kill Patrick,John Dewey
7. Inductive Method Farancis Beckon
8. Deductive Method Aristotle
9. Basic Education System Mahatma Gandhi


1. Attribution Theory Weiner
2. Cognitive Load Theory Sweller
3. Cognitive Theory of Multimedia Learning Mayer
4. Elaboration Theory Reigeluth
5. Expertise Theory Ericsson, Gladwell
6. Functional Context Theory Sticht
7. Gestalt Theory von Ehrenfels
8. Information Processing Theory Metacognition Flavell
9. Theory of Mind, Empathy, Mind blindness Premack, Woodruff, Perner, Wimmer


Intelligence Theories
1. Uni factor theory Binet,Terman & Stern
2. Two Factor theory Spearman
3. Three factor theory Spearman
4. Multifactor theory Thorndike
5. Group Factor Theory Thurstone
6. Tri-dimensional theory Guilford
7. Chronological/Hierarchical Theory Vernon
8. Fluid And Crystallized Theory Cattell & Horn
9. Information Processing Theory of Intelligence Sternberg
10. Theory of Mental Functioning Arther Jensen
11. Theory Of Multiple Intelligence Howard Gardener
12. Structural Theory Eysenck
13. Biological Theory Ceci
14. Theory Of Emotional Intelligence Goleman
15. Das’s PASS Model Das


Intelligence Tests
1. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales
2. Wechsler-Adult Intelligence Scale
3. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children(WISC-V) 6.0–17.11 years
4. Wechsler Primary & Preschool Scale of Intelligence
5. Woodcock-Johnson Tests of Cognitive Abilities,
6. Kaufman Assessment Battery for Children
7. Raven’s Progressive Matrices
8. Cattell Culture Fair III
9. Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales
10. Multidimensional Aptitude Battery II
11. Das–Naglieri cognitive assessment system
12. Differential Ability Scales (DAS-II) : 2.6–17.11 years
13. Universal Nonverbal Intelligence 5.0–17.11 years
14. Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT-III) : 4.0–50.11 years
15. Peabody Individual Achievement Test 5–22.11 years


Intelligence Tests developed in India
1. CIE Verbal Group Test of Intelligence Uday Shankar
2. Group Test of General Mental Ability S. Jalota
3. Group Test of Intelligence Prayag Mehta
4. The Bihar Test of Intelligence S.M. Mohsin
5. Group Test of Intelligence Bureau of Psychology, Allahabad
6. Indian Adaptation of Stanford-Binet Test (Third Edition) S.K. Kulshrestha
7. Test of General Mental Ability (Hindi) M.C. Joshi.
8. CIE Non-verbal Group Test of Intelligence CIE
9. Bhatia’s Battery of Performance Tests Bhatia
10. Draw-a-Man Test Pramila Pathak
11. Adaptation of Wechsler Adult Performance
Intelligence Scale
R. Ramalingaswamy


Personality Theories
1. Psychoanalytic theory Sigmund Freud
2. 16PF Trait theory Cattell
3. Self Theory Rogers
4. Eysenck’s Personality Theory Eysenck
5. Allport’s theory of personality Allport


Personality Tests
1. Self-report Measures Allport
2. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality
Inventory (MMPI)
Hathaway and
3. Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MPI) Mallick and Joshi
4. Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) Eysenck
5. The Rorschach Inkblot Test Hermann Rorschach
6. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Morgan and Murray
7. Sentence Completion Test Herman Ebbinghaus
8. Rosenzweig’s Picture-Frustration Study (P-F Study) Rosenzweig
9. Draw-a-Person Test  Florence Goodenough


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