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National Education Policy 2020 : Download Child Pedagogy Study Notes Free PDF For CTET Exam

Child Development and Pedagogy is an important subject for DSSSB/UPTET /CTET Examination which carries a weightage of 30 marks in each paper. The examination pattern of Child Development and Pedagogy for both papers will be based on primary level and upper primary level . This subject contains overall 30 marks in UPTET /CTET 2022 and 100 marks in DSSSB PRT Exam. This year mostly questions has been asked from this topic in DSSSB PRT & CTET Exam 2022. Here, we are providing you topic wise Child Development and Pedagogy notes for helping you in your preparation. Today Child Pedagogy topic is : National Education Policy 2020

National Education Policy 2020


National Education Policy 2020: The cabinet has approved the National Education Policy (NEP), the first in almost 34 years.The National Education Policy was framed in 1968 & 1986 and modified in 1992.This is the third time NEP has been revised before that it was revised in the year 1992.The announcement has been made by HRD Minister and Union Minister Prakash Javedkar & the MHRD minister. MHRD has been renamed as “Education Ministry”.

The new academic session will be started in September-October – the delay is due to the coronavirus disease (Covid-19) outbreak in the nationand the government aims to introduce the policy before the new session kicks in.

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National Education Policy 2020 :

Preparation for Schooling and Elementary Schooling Level

• ECCE for all by 2030: National Curriculum Framework for ECCE
• Achieve 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in school education by 2030
• Preparatory class/Balvatika for 5-6 year old children in Anganwadis/pre-schools
• School Preparation module for all class 1 entrants
• National Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission
• Setup of Bal Bhavans

School Infrastructure and Resources

• Special Education Zones (SEZ)
• Utilize unused capacity of schools as Samajik Chetna Kendras
• School complex/clusters for resource sharing

Holistic Development of the Student

• No hard separation of curricular, extra and co-curricular, arts and science, sports and vocational crafts. Curriculum to integrate Indian culture and ethos
• Innovative pedagogies to be explored such as experiential teaching/learning methods
• Book promotion policy and digital libraries
• Holistic Report card – use Al for identifying specific aptitude of child
• Vocational education integration from primary grades and a ten days (no bag days) internship with local trades/craftsperson for Grades 6-8
• Lok Vidya – local artists as master instructors in schools

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• Gender Inclusion Fund; KGBVs upto class 12
• Special provisions for Gifted children
• Adult Education (AE) to focus upon technology based solutions; NCF for AE to be developed NIOS to expand to include vocational courses and courses for grades 3,5 and 8
• Medium of instruction will be in the mother tongue/local language till Grade 5 (atleast)


• National Assessment Center for Performance Assessment, Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic development – PARAKH
• Exams in Grades 3, 5 and 8, in addition to Board exams in Grades 10 and 12
• Board exams: Modular, low stakes, based on conceptual knowledge and its application

Curriculum and Pedagogical Framework

• New curricular and pedagogical framework of 5 + 3 + 3 + 4
• Reduction in curriculum to core concepts
• Identification of life skills to be attained in each grade as a part of NCF
• Alternative model of schools to be encouraged to adopt NCF
• ICT integration in teaching and learning methodologies
• Tracking students as well as their learning levels; universalisation of secondary education

Teacher Recruitments/ Teacher Education :

• Minimum qualification degree for teaching will be a 4-year integrated B.Ed. degree by 2030
• Teacher recruitment based on TET, NTA test and teaching demonstration; TET mandatory for teaching
• Minimum 50 hours of in-service training per teacher/year
• National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST) by 2022
• IT and data-based predictive planning for the requirement of students in TEls; TEls to move to multidisciplinary colleges and universities by 2030
• Stringent action on non-performing TEls (Technology-Enhanced Learning in Science.)
• Mandatory for every PhD student to do a module on teacher education

Role of Government Departments/Bodies/Institutions

• State Department to look after policy making; Directorate of Education to look after operations, SCERT to look after academics and State School Standards Authority to set minimum common standards for online self-disclosure by all public and private schools
• Random sampling of students for continuous online feedback on self-disclosure by schools
• Engagement of social workers, alumni, retired teachers and volunteers with schools
• Strengthening the Central Advisory Board of Education (CABE) for developing, articulating, evaluating and revising the vision of education on a continuous basis in collaboration with MHRD and corresponding apex bodies of States
• Its desirable that Ministry of Human Resource Development MHRD) be re-designated as Ministry of Education (MOE) to bring the focus back on education and learning

Transforming Curricular & Pedagogical Structure:

New pedagogical and curricular structure of school education (5 + 3 + 3 + 4) : 3 years in Anganwadi/pre-school and 12 years in school

  • Secondary Stage(4) multidisciplinary study, greater critical thinking, flexibility and student choice of subjects
  • Middle Stage (3) experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, arts, social sciences, and humanities
  • Preparatory Stage (3) play, discovery, and activity-based and interactive classroom learning
  • Foundational stage (5) multilevel, play/activity-based learning

ECCE Framework:

  • NCPFECE National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Education (NCPFECE) will be drafted by NCERT
  • Multi-faceted Framework Comprising of alphabets, languages, numbers, counting, colours, shapes, indoor and outdoor play, puzzles and logical thinking, problem-solving, drawing, painting and other visual art, craft, drama and puppetry, music and movement
  • Research and Best Practices NCPFECE will be aligned with the latest research on ECCE, and national and international best practices
  • School Preparation Module A 3-month play-based ‘school preparation module for all Grade 1 students to be developed by NCERT

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Early Childhood Education: Learning in the Formative Years

• Developing curiosity
• Teamwork & Collaboration
• Logical Thinking & Problem Solving
• Play-based & Discovery based learning
• Arts, crafts and Music
• Ethics
• Relationship with Nature
• Self-Identity
• Colours, Shapes, Alphabets & Numbers
• Etiquette, Behaviour and Emotional Development

Mental AND Physical Health & Well Being :

Mandatory for students to acquire skills in: health and nutrition; physical education, fitness, wellness, and sports

• Health check ups Annual health check up for all students
• Hiring counsellors in school complexes State governments will be encouraged to hire adequate number of counsellors and teachers (to be shared across school complex)
• Reduce weight of school bags Reduced weight of school bags and textbooks through suitable changes in curriculum and pedagogy
• Focus on children with disability Differentiated interventions and suitable infrastructure development at schools to make access easier for children with disability
• Mandatory skills : Health and Wellness Mandatory skills to be imbibed by all students – health, nutrition, physical education, fitness, wellness, sports. In addition-Basic training in preventive health care, mental health, first aid, personal and public hygiene will be included in the curriculum
• Inclusive and caring culture at school The role and expectations of principal and teachers will explicitly include developing a caring and inclusive culture at school

Innovative Pedagogy: Transforming the teaching-learning process

  • Experiential Learning Focus on experiential, inquiry and discovery-based teaching-learning methods
  • Equal Weightage No hard separation between curricular, Co-curricular and extra curricular area.
  • Freedom of choosing a variety of subject combinations to be provided
  • Integrated Pedagogy Arts, sports, and story-telling and ICT-integrated pedagogy
  • Bagless Days Bagless days to be scheduled in academic calendar
  • Promotion of peer tutoring Promoting peer tutoring as voluntary and joyful activity under the supervision of teachers
  • Use and integration of technology Integration of technology enabled pedagogy in classes 6-12

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Major Reforms: School Education


  • Universalization of Early Childhood Care Education (ECCE)
  • National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy
  • 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 Curricular and Pedagogical Structure
  • Curriculum to integrate 21st Century Skills, Mathematical Thinking and Scientific temper
  • No Rigid Separation between Arts & Sciences, between Curricular and extra-Curricular activities, between Vocational and Academic streams
  • Education of Gifted Children
  • Gender Inclusion Fund
  • KGBVs upto Grade 12
  • Reduction in Curriculum to Core Concepts
  • Vocational integration from class 6 onwards

Major Reforms : School Education

  • New National Curriculum Framework for ECE, School, Teachers and Adult Education
  • Board Examination will be Low Stakes, Based on Knowledge Application
  • Medium of Instruction till at least Grade 5, and preferably till Grade 8 and beyond in Home Language / Mother tongue/ Regional Language 360 degree Holistic Progress Card of Child
  • Tracking Student Progress for Achieving Learning Outcomes
  • National assessment center – PARAKH
  • NTA to offer Common Entrance Exam for Admission to HEls
  • National Professional Standards for Teachers (NPST)
  • Book Promotion Policy and Digital Libraries
  • Transparent online self disclosure for public oversight and accountability

National Education Policy 2020 in Hindi

National Education Policy 2020 in English

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