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Directions (1-7): Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow by selecting the correct/most appropriate options.
Using infant mortality as a key indicator of the status of children, we now begin to have the broad features of a hypothesis as to the causes of higher or lower mortality rates, One aspect is the complex of factors involving the access of mothers to trained personnel and other facilities for child delivery, the nutritional status of pregnant and nursing mothers and the quality of health-care and nourishment which babies receive. The other aspect, indicated by rural-urban differentials, is the possible importance of human settlement patterns in relation to the availability of health-care and related facilities such as potable water, excreta disposal systems, etc. Thus, in a special sense it is much cheaper to make health and other basic services available to a community when it is densely settled rather than widely dispersed.
It is possible to argue, however, that both these sets of factors are closely related to a third one, namely income levels. Poorer mothers and babies have less access to health-care facilities and nourishment than those who are better-off, urban communities are on an average much better-off than rural communities. That economic conditions play a crucial role in determining the status of both mother mid child is beyond dispute. But the question really ‘is whether this is the only decisive factor or whether factors such as the availability of medical facilities, health-care programmes and nutritional programmes have an independent role. If so, then the settlement patterns which affect service delivery to the mother and child target groups become a relevant consideration. These are clearly issues of some importance for policy and programme planning.
Q1. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage’?
(a) Infant mortality rate is higher in rural areas as compared to that of’ urban areas
(b) Income level alone can predict the infant mortality rate
(c) There, now, is more population in urban areas as compared to rural areas
(d) Delivery of services to the mother and child does not depend on the settlement pattern
Q2. Which of the following is the issue of importance hit policy’?
(a) Relationship of mortality and income levels
(b) Growing rural-urban differentials
(c) Infant-mortality rate and mortality rate inter-dependence
(d) Dependence of education level of the mother and infant mortality rate
Q3. Which, according to the passage, is the other main indicator of the status of children, besides infant mortality?
(a) Educational level
(b) Nourishment level
(c) Weight at birth
(d) Not mentioned
Q4. What is the advantage of providing services in the urban areas, as compared to that of rural areas?
(a) The services are cheaply available
(b) Per-capital expenditure for setting up services is much less
(c) There is more awareness about availability of services
(d) The investment can be received in short duration
Q5. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word “access” as used in the passage?
Q6. Which of the following is not to factor for mortality rate?
(a) Settlement pattern
(b) Type of child delivery
(c) Nutritional status
(d) Potable water
Q7. Which of the following is the same in meaning as the word “complex” as used in the passage?
Find the synonym of the following words written in capitals.
Q8. A SMOOTHFACED man of forty faced me.
Q9. He carried a BUNCH of flowers in his hands.
Q 10. Tom is an INDUSTRIOUS boy.
a) hard working
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