Directions (1-5). Read each of the following passages and answer the questions given below it by selecting the most appropriate option.
Our consumption of palm oil is rocketing: Commitments from various governments to increase the amount of biofuels being sold are pushing this rise in demand, because they are seen as an attractive quick fix to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. India wanted 20% of its diesel to be bio-diesel by 2012. The irony is that these attempts to reduce the impact of climate change could actually make things worse— clearing forests and draining and burning ‘peatlands’ to grow palm oil which releases more carbon emissions than burning fossil fuels. But this phenomenal growth of the palm oil industry spells disaster for local communities, biodiversity and climate change as palm plantations encroach further and further into forested areas where the emission of greenhouse gases ins largely due to deforestation e.g., much of the current and predicted oil palm expansion is taking place on forested ‘peatlands’. Peat locks up huge amounts of carbon, so clearing ‘peatlands’ by draining and burning releases huge greenhouse gases. The Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) has established clear ethical and ecological standards for producing palm oil.But since then, forest destruction has continued unabated.
Q2. Peatlands are natural
(a) means to suppress carbon emissions
(b) causes of environmental destruction
(c) sources of biofuels when burnt
(d) sources of diesel
Q3. The phrase in the passage which means ‘speedy remedy’ is
(a) phenomenal growth
(b) quick fix
(c) current and predicted
(d) draining and burning
Q4. The synonym of the word ‘irony’ is
Q5. The RSPO was convened to
(a) control destructive practices in palm oil production
(b) control the burning of peatlands
(c) rehabilitate local communities
(d) force the closure of palm oil industries
Directions(6-10): Choose the most suitable answer that identifies the Infinitive in the sentence.
Q6. She wanted to give a present to my grandmother, but she gave it to me instead.
(a) to me
(b) to give
(c) no infinitive
(d) to my grandmother
Q7. He didn’t want to get lunch detention, but the teacher gave it to him anyway.
(a) no infinitive
(b) to get the teacher
(c) to him
(d) to get
Q8. After ____ the questions teacher asked if there were anything that we could not understand.
(a) to explaining
(c) to explain
Q9. I forgot ____ ticket into the ticket box when I sat down onto a seat in the bus.
(b) to put
(c) to putting
Q10. I wanted him ____ to the meeting in a formal suit because there will be some important businessmen that we can form relationships.
(b) to coming
(c) to have come
(d) to come