It is to progress in the Human Sciences that we must look to undo the evils which have resulted from a knowledge of the physical world hastily and superficially acquired by populations unconscious of the changes in themselves that the new knowledge has made imperative.
The road to a happier world than any known in the past lies open before us if atavistic destructive passions can be kept in leash while the necessary adaptations are made. Fears are inevitable in our time, but hopes are equally rational and far more likely to bear good fruit. We must learn to think rather less of the dangers to be avoided than of the good that will lie within our grasp if we can believe in it and let it dominate our thoughts.
Science, whatever unpleasant consequences it may have by the way, is in its very nature a liberator, a liberator of bondage to physical nature and in to come, a liberator from the weight of destructive passions. We are on the threshold of utter disaster or unprecedentedly glorious achievement. No previous age has been fraught with problems so momentous and it is to Science that we must look to for a happy future.
Q1. If man’s bestial yearning is controlled
(a) the present will be brighter than the future
(b) the present will become tolerant
(c) the future will be brighter than the present
(d) the future will be tolerant
Q2. Fears and hopes, according to the author
(a) can yield good results
(b) can bear fruit
(c) are irrational
(d) are closely linked with the life of modern man
Q3. Should Human Sciences be developed because they will
(a) eliminate the destruction caused by a superficial knowledge of the physical world
(b) make us conscious of the changes in ourselves
(c) make us conscious of the changing world
(d) provide more knowledge of the physical world
Q4. The word ‘imperative’ means
Q5. Choose the word opposite in meaning to the word `superficially’.
Directions (6-10): Read the following questions carefully and answer the following.
Q6. Harish does _____________ his father, doesn’t he?
(a) get along
(b) take after
(c) look over
(d) keep up with
Q7. He claimed that he had never seen that man, but I know that _____________
(a) he did
(b) he had
(c) he was
(d) he does
Q8. The following is an inseparable phrasal verb
(a) touch on
(b) chop up
(c) burn down
(d) let down
Q9. ‘As I came across the field, I came across an injured bird.’ The phrasal verb/verbs here is/are
(a) only the first
(d) only the second
Q10. Give one work for the phrasal verb,’ Call on’