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Directions (1-5): In the following questions, read the poem carefully and choose the best answer to each question out of the four alternatives.
In a cartoon, whenever someone has a bright new idea, a light bulb lights up over his head. What is the catalyst for ground-breaking inventions? In his new book, the journalist Jonah Lehrer examines some classic case studies.
The idea for post it notes came about when Arthur Fry, an engineer at 3 M, was day-dreaming in Church, thinking how annoying it was that the bookmarks he’d placed in his hymn book so frequently fell out. He, then remembered a 3 M colleague’s talk about a new glue he’d developed : a paste so feeble that it could barely hold two pieces of paper together. That weak glue, Fry suddenly thought, might help him create the perfect bookmark, one that would stay put.
In describing such creation myths, Lehrer, a contributing editor at ‘Wired’ and contributor to ‘The New Yorker’ explains the mysteries of the imagination and the Science of innovation. Lehrer takes scientific concepts and makes them accessible to the lay reader while giving practical insights for self-improvement tips along the way. With these suggestions, the book implies, you too might be able to maximise your creative output.
The 18th century philosopher David Hume, Lehrer notes, argued that invention was often an act of recombination, of compounding an idea or transposing it from one field to another. “Johannes Gutenberg transformed his knowledge of wine presses into an idea for a printing machine capable of mass-producing words”. George De Mestral came up with Velcro after noticing burrs clinging to the fur of his dog. In each case, Lehrer points out, “the radical concept was merely a new mixture of old ideas,” and of thinking out of the box.
Q1. The example of how old ideas are mixed to create new once is
(a) a printing machine capable of mass-producing words
(b) burrs on dog fur giving rise to the idea of Velcro
(c) printing machines transforming into wine presses
(d) observing burrs stuck on the fur of dogs
Q2. ‘Stay put’ in para 2 means
(a) remain in place
(b) stay like a bookmark
(c) joined to a place
(d) be stationary
Q3. A suitable title for this passage would be
(a) Thinking Creatively
(b) Classic Case Studies
(c) Science of Invention
(d) Maximise Creativity
Q4. The expression, ‘thinking out of the box’ means
(a) thinking while travelling
(b) thinking very fast
(c) thinking in a logical way
(d) thinking differently
Q5. The passage is an extract from
(a) a speech
(b) an essay
(c) a story
(d) a book review
Directions (6-10) :- In the following questions, sentences are given with blanks to be filled in with an appropriate and suitable world. Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four alternative.
Q6. The food that an average Indian eats has been found to be deficient ____ vitamins and proteins.
Q7. The patient is —– of stomachache.
Q8. A good teacher should _______ responses from the students.
Q9. Had he taken his degree five years ago he ——- got a promotion by now.
(b) would have
(c) will be
Q10. There will be a rush for seats when the train ______ .
(a) will arrive
(c) is arriving
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