Directions (1-10): In the following question, sentences are given with blanks to be filed in with an appropriate word(s). Four alternatives are suggested for each question. Choose the correct alternative out of the four as your answer.
Q1. Please do not _________ the offer made by the Chairman
Sol. Refuse: indicate or show that one is not willing to do something.
Refuge: a place or situation providing safety or shelter.
Refute: prove (a statement or theory) to be wrong or false; disprove.
Q2. It is not possible to _________ the suffering.
Sol. Mitigate: make (something bad) less severe, serious, or painful.
Masticate: chew (food).
Propitiate: win or regain the favour of (a god, spirit, or person) by doing something that pleases them.
Q3. There was no _________ in the railway compartment for additional passengers.
Sol. Place: a particular position, point, or area in space; a location.
Room: is the extent of space occupied or a bounded space.
room is used to refer to space that can be occupied, while space is used to refer to an unoccupied area, and which could be kept unoccupied.
Hence room is an appropriate usage.
Q4. The company demanded a certificate that I was a _________ student of the university.
(b) bona fide
Sol. Bona fide: made, done, presented, etc., in good faith; without deception or fraud
Boisterous: noisy, energetic, and cheerful.
In formal sense, to make a statement we use Bona fide to imply one’s authenticity.
Q5. Drinking too much _________ one’s judgement.
Sol. Impair: weaken or damage (something, especially a faculty or function)
Impel: drive, force, or urge (someone) to do something.
Impede: delay or prevent (someone or something) by obstructing.
Q6. She requested the student to _________ a little water in a vessel.
Sol. Fetch: go for and then bring back (someone or something) for someone.
Procure: persuade or cause (someone) to do something.
Q7. Infant mortality rate in China has _________ from 200 per thousands to 14 per thousand.
Sol. Decline: become smaller, fewer, or less; decrease.
Retarded: less advanced in mental, physical, or social development than is usual for one’s age.
Q8. There was so much _________ material in the essay that it was difficult to get the author’s message.
Sol. Superficial: appearing to be true or real only until examined more closely.
Exemplary: serving as a desirable model; very good.
Variegated: exhibiting different colors, especially as irregular patches or streaks.
Extempore: spoken or done without preparation.
Q9. It _________ to me that she was incurable
Sol. Occur: (of a thought or idea) come into the mind of.
Q10. No matter what _________ come our way, we should not lose our temper.
Sol. Provocation: an action or statement that is intended to make someone angry.