Q1. The system of tax became most prominent in the period of
(c) Harappan Civilization
(d) Vedic Age
Q2. The movement of the Earth around the Sun is known as
(a) orbital plane
(b) circle of illumination
Q3. Which of the following literary heritage of India means ‘approaching and sitting near’?
Q4. In India, the Munda Tribe lived in the region of
(c) Chhota Nagpur
Q5. When one particular image is fixed with an individual or group, it is known as
Q6. Article 21 of the Indian Constitution entitles
(a) Right to Life
(b) Right to Constitutional Remedies
(c) Right to Freedom of Religion
(d) Right to Equality
Q7. Who among the following was the founder of ‘Khalsa’?
(a) Guru Gobind Singh
(b) Guru Teg Bahadur
(c) Guru Nanak Dev
(d) Guru Angad Dev
Q8. Who among the following Mughal rulers led the idea of ‘Universal Peace’?
Q9. Who led the Anti-British Movement in Kittoor?
(a) Rani Channamma
(b) Nana Phadnis
(c) Ahilyabai Holkar
(d) Rani Laxmibai
Q10. The place, people, things and nature that surround any living organism are called
(b) biotic resources
Sol. Mahajanapada refers to ancient Indian kingdoms that existed between the sixth and third centuries BC. During this period, the system of tax became most prominent.
Sol. Rotation of the Earth describes the spinning of the Earth around its axis, resulting in the 24 hour phenomenon of day and night over the Earth. Revolution on the other hand describes the movement of the Earth around the Sun over a period of one year, causing seasons to occur.
Sol. The Upanishads are a collection of philosophical texts which form the theoretical basis for the Hindu religion. The Sanskrit term Upanishad derives from upa- (nearby), ni- (at the proper place, down) and shad (to sit) thus: ‘sitting down near’, implying sitting near a teacher to receive instruction or alternatively, ‘sitting at the foot of ..(teacher)’, or ‘laying siege’ to the teacher.
Sol. The Munda are tribal (Adivasi) people of the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region.
Sol. A stereotype is a thought that may be adopted about specific types of individuals or certain ways of doing things but that belief may or may not accurately reflect reality.
Sol. Article 21 of Indian Constitution entitles right to life. According to this article no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.
Sol. Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the living Sikh Guru, initiated the Sikh Khalsa in 199, passing the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Eleventh and Eternal Guru of the Sikhs, the Guru Granth Sahib.
Sol. It is accepted that the policy of Sulh-i-Kul (universal peace), which formed the essence of Din-i-Ilahi, was adopted by Akbar not merely for religious purposes, but as a part of general imperial administrative policy. This also formed the basis for Akbar’s policy of religious toleration.
Sol. Rani Channamma (23rd October, 1778 — 21st February, 1829) was the Queen of Kittoor (Karnataka). She is best known for leading an armed rebellion against the British East India Company in 1824. The resistance ended with her arrest and she became a symbol of the movement for independence in India.
Sol. Word ‘environment’ is most commonly used describing ‘natural’ environment and means the sum of all living and non-living things that surround an organism, or group of organisms. Environment includes all elements, factors, and conditions that have some impact on growth and development of certain organism.