Q1. The loss of a final segment of a word is called(a) hendiadys
Q2. The role that grammar plays in linguistics is that (a) it provides reference work on common difficulties in a language
(b) it tells people how to speaks and write correctly
(c) it accounts for all the correct sentences in a language
(d) it tries to provide a scientific verdict on matters such as whether or not one may split infinitives
Q3. ‘Register’ means
(a) language style in speech only
(b) language style in writing only
(c) level of formality only
(d) language style and level of formality used in speech or writing only
Q4. When you use the phrase ‘un-freaking-believable’ you are using a/an(a) antonym
(b) curse word
Q5. The most accurate linguistic definition of ‘subject of a clause’ in English is
(a) The subject is the element that establishes the person and number of the verb
(b) The subject gives additional information about the topic of a clause
(c) The subject is the agent of the verb
(d) The subject is what comes first in a statement
Q6. This type of writing explains things
Q7. The word that describes the changing of the form of a verb in order to reflect person, number, tense and mood is
Q8. Your English teacher teaches you
(a) prescriptive grammar
(c) descriptive grammar
(d) unilateral grammar
Q9. Morphology is
(a) how a word’s meaning evolves over time
(b) in what order words are put in a sentence
(c) how a word’s spelling evolves over time
(d) the way a language builds words by putting small, meaningful units together
Q10. The following best describes ‘tone’ in a piece of writing
(a) the level of formality in a piece of writing
(b) the type of text being written
(c) the expected readership of a piece of writing
(d) the mood the writer conveys, as well as the writer’s attitude toward the subject and the reader
Sol.In phonology, apocope is the loss of one or more sounds from the end of a word, especially the loss of an unstressed vowel
Sol.Language register in English is the scale of formality we use when we write and speak.There are five basic levels describing different types of register or formality definition in writing and speaking.
They are, high formal, formal, neutral, informal and vulgar.
Sol.Tmesis is a linguistic phenomenon in which a word or phrase is separated into two parts, with other words between them.
Sol.Exposition is a type of oral or written discourse that is used to explain, describe, give information or inform
Sol.Conjugation refers to the way we inflect (change the form of) verbs to create particular meanings.When we discuss conjugating verbs, we usually refer to ways in which we change a verb in order to reflect grammatical tense, but we also conjugate verbs to reflect aspect, mood, voice, person, and speech.
In linguistics, declension is the changing of the form of a word, generally to express its syntactic function in the sentence, by way of some inflection. The inflectional change of verbs is called conjugation.
In linguistics, inversion is any of several grammatical constructions where two expressions switch their canonical order of appearance, that is, they invert.
In linguistics, subordination is a principle of the hierarchical organization of linguistic units.
Sol. Linguistic prescription, or prescriptive grammar, is the attempt to lay down rules defining preferred or “correct” use of language. These rules may address such linguistic aspects as spelling, pronunciation, vocabulary, syntax, and semantics.