Directions (Q.Nos. 1-5) Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below.
Europeans in the middle ages were great builders of churches and castles. These two classes of buildings expressed the ideas that ruled medieval life. The village might be and generally was, a collection of damp, dirty and droughty hovels, the city an insanitary huddle of houses, fit breeding place for plague, the castle primarily a fortress and secondarily a dark, cold inconvenient dwelling. But the church was built as well as decorated, as lavishly as local effort could manage. Its windows were of glass and its walls were painted with pictures in bright colours. Its spire or the tower pointing upwards, directed the gaze of villager and citizen away from an unsatisfactory condition of earthly life to a cloud-land of vision and fancy.
Q1. What kind of building in Europe in the middle ages?
(d) churches and castles
Q2. Why were the medieval cities fit places for breeding plague?
(a) The houses were built very near to each other
(b) Insanitary conditions prevailed everywhere
(c) The dwellings were damp and cold
(d) The houses were droughty and inconvenient
Q3. The medieval castles were intolerable places to live in because they were
(a) primarily fortresses
(b) breeding places for plague
(c) dark and cold
(d) surrounded by villages
Q4. The churches were made specially beautiful in the middle ages because
(a) the beauty of the church made the people forget their miseries
(b) people believed that God could live only in beautiful places
(c) the church was considered to be supreme
(d) angels come to live only in beautiful churches
Q5. While writing about the Europe of the Middle Ages in this passage, the author attempts to project
(a) the blind faith and ignorance of people
(b) the simple philosophy of life of the people
(c) the contrasts in living conditions
(d) the insanitary conditions of the cities
Directions (Q.Nos.6-10) Read the following passage and answer the questions.
One-third of all our food-fruits and vegetables — would not exist without pollinators visiting flowers. But honeybees, the primary agents that fertilize food-producing plants have suffered a dramatic decline in recent times, mostly from afflictions introduced by humans. Domestic honeybees have already lost as many as one-third of their hives and their wild cousins have become virtually extinct in many places around the world.
A variety of troubles threaten the pollinators. Endless waves of development destroy nesting and feeding grounds; pesticides decimate them along with other beneficial insects. Agribusiness increasingly treats honeybees as a mass commodity, exposing them to uncontrollable plagues of pests, introduced through human error.
Researchers have seen fewer and fewer pollinators during their travel right from the Sonoram Desert to the Malaysian rainforests. Floral biologists too increasingly realise that there is a reduction in the number of pollinators. The problem can be solved if farmers, beekeepers and pesticide applicators can come together to protect bees which are the primary flower fertilizers. This effort will require operations that extend from farms, orchards and backyards to the deserts of Mexico. Indeed nothing short of a global initiative can reverse the situation.
Q6. If we do not protect the bees, a time will come when
(a) the business of beekeepers will get severally hurt
(b) there would not be enough fruits and vegetables for us to eat
(c) farmers and pesticide applicators will have no business
(d) we will have to depend upon only artificial food and chemicals
Q7. Which of the following is not a direct reason for the decline in the number of bees?
(a) Pesticides used by humans
(b) Destruction of their nesting grounds
(c) Use of honey in medicines
(d) Destruction of the feeding grounds of bees
Q8. The problem of reduction in the number of bees can be solved when ………….
(a) beekeepers will stop keeping bees for their honey
(b) agriculture related persons will keep bee protection in mind
(c) special methods will be used to attract bees to flowers
(d) writers and journalists will start writing about protection of bees
Q9. The word in paragraph 1 which means ‘diseases’ is
Q10. The word ‘reverse’ in the last paragraph means
(a) to make a vehicle move backwards for parking
(b) to change something, so much that it becomes the opposite of the original
(c) to admit that the stand one took in an argument was wrong
(d) to respect what has been said before and accept it
Sol. The houses were built very near to each other.
Sol. The castles were primarily a fortress and secondarily a dark and cold inconvenient d-welling.
Sol. People believed the God could live only in beautiful places.
Sol. The author attempts to project the contrasts in living conditions.
Sol. There would not be enough fruits and vegetables for us to eat.
Sol. Use of honey in medicines is not a direct reason for the decline in number of bees.
Sol. Agriculture related persons will keep bee protection in mind.
Sol. Afflictions mean diseases.
Sol. To change something, so much that it becomes opposite of original.