Q1. Throughout the first three months after birth, there is —
(a) An increase in day sleep and a decrease in night sleep
(b) A decrease in day sleep and an increase in night sleep
(c) No change in sleeping schedule
(d) Erratic sleep without identifiable pattern
Q2. One boy has brown eyes. His twin brother has blue eyes. This information enables a person to conclude that the two —
(a) Are identical twins
(b) Are fraternal twins
(c) Exhibit sex-linked hereditary characteristics
(d) None of these
Q3. Which one of the following is found in newborns?
(a) Identical sleep-wakefulness time proportions
(b) Almost immediate emotional response to their mothers
(c) Fear of strangers
(d) Partial taste sensitivity
Q4. At what point could a new-born be expected to have the capacity for visually tracking a moving object?
(a) Immediately after birth
(b) Within a few days after birth
(c) During the second week after birth
(d) At the end of the first month after birth
Q5. In Bandura’s experimental work with children, he has demonstrated that —
(a) Imitation learning Occurs through observation
(b) Mimicking occurs through reinforcement
(c) Toilet training occurs through modelling
(d) Toilet training occurs through judicious use of punishment
Q6. ……………….. is a concept or framework that organises and interprets information.
Q7. ……………….. theory stresses the ability of goals to pull behaviour towards goal.
(b) Opponent process
Q8. ……………….. is interpreting one’s own experience in terms of one’s existing schemes.
Q9. ……………….. is characterized by adapting one’s current understandings to incorporate new information.
Q10. ……………….. refers to all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering and communicating.
Sol. The incentive theory suggests that people are motivated to do things because of external rewards.
The drive theory suggests that people are motivated to take certain actions in order to reduce the internal tension that is caused by unmet needs.
Optimal level / Arousal theory suggests that people are motivated to maintain an optimal level of arousal, although this level can vary based on the individual or the situation. People take certain actions to either decrease or increase levels of arousal.
The opponent-process theory states that when one emotion is experienced, the other is suppressed.
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