Q1. Which one of the following statements about children would Vygotsky agree with?
(a) Children’s thinking can be understood by conducting laboratory experiments on animals.
(b) Children are born ‘evil’ and need to be controlled through punishment.
(c) Children learn through social interaction with peers and adults
(d) Children learn when they are offered lucrative rewards.
Q2. A child with normal intelligence shows difficulty in reading and comprehending language. It indicates that the child is showing symptoms of
Q3. The process of changing the existing schemes to include new information is called
Q4. To enable students to make conceptual changes in their thinking, a teacher should
(a) offer rewards for children who change their thinking.
(b) discourage children for thinking on their own and ask them to just listen to her and follow that.
(c) offer an explanation in a lecture mode.
(d) make clear and convincing explanations and have discussions with the students.
Q5. Which one of the following is a correctly matched pair?
(a) Concrete operational child – is able to conserve and classify
(b) Formal operational child – Imitation begins, imaginary play
(c) Infancy – Applies logic and is able to infer
(d) Pre-operational child – Deductive thought
Q6. According to Vygotsky, children learn
(a) when reinforcement is offered
(b) by maturation
(c) by imitation
(d) by interacting with adults and peers
Q7. Intelligence is
(a) a set of capabilities
(b) a singular and generic concept
(c) the ability to imitate others
(d) a specific ability
Q8. Which of the following is not a sign of an intelligent young child?
(a) One who carries on thinking in an abstract manner
(b) One who can adjust oneself in a new environment
(c) One who has an ability to cram long essays very quickly
(d) None of the above
Q9. Mind mapping refers to
(a) drawing the picture of a mind.
(b) researching the functioning of the mind.
(c) a technique to enhance comprehension.
(d) a plan of action for an adventure.
Q10. According to Piaget, at which of the following stages does a child begin to think logically about abstract propositions?
(a) Sensory-motor stage (Birth-02 years)
(b) Pre-operational stage (02-07 years)
(c) Concrete operational stage (07-11 years)
(d) None of the above