Social Studies is an important section for CTET, MPTET, State TET, and other teaching exams as well. Social studies is the main subject in the CTET exam Paper II. In CTET Exam, the Social Studies section comprises a total 60 questions of 60 marks, in which 40 questions come from the content section i.e.History, Geography and Political Science and the rest 20 questions from Social Studies Pedagogy section.
At least 12-15 questions are asked from the History section in the CTET Social studies section. Here we are providing important facts related to the Battles And Wars In India.
Battles and Wars in India
Battle of Hydaspes (326 BC): Alexander’s forces defeated the India King Porus on the bank of Jhelum.
Battle of Kalinga (261 BC): The Mauryan King Ashoka defeated the King of Kalinga after a bloody war. The bloodshed moved Ashoka to embrace Buddhism and preach peace.
First Battle of Tarain (1191 AD): Rajput ruler of Delhi. Prithviraj Chauhan defeated Sultan of Ghazni, Muhammad Ghori.
Second Battle of Tarain (1192 AD): Muhammad Ghori took revenge against Prithviraj Chauhan.
First Battle of Panipat (1526 AD): Babar defeated Ibrahim Lodhi, laying the foundation stone of Mughal empire.
Battle of Khanwah (1527 AD): Babar defeated Rajput ruler of Mewar, Rana Sanga.
Battle of Chausa (1539 AD): Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun and became the Ruler of Delhi.
Second Battle of Panipat (1556 AD): Akbar’s General Bairam Khan defeated Hemu, the General of Muhammad Shah Adil.
Battle of Talikota (1565 AD): Allied forces of Bijapur. Bidar: Ahmednagar and Golkonda defeated the King of Vijayanagar.
Battle of Haldighati (1576 AD): The Rajput King Rana Pratap was defeated by Akbar’s forces.
Battle of Plassey (1757 AD): British forces defeated Nawabs of Bengal, Sirajud-daula and laid the foundation stone of their empire.
Third Battle of Panipat (1761 AD): Marathas were defeated by Ahmed Shah Abdali.
Battle of Buxar (1764 AD): British forces defeated the combined forces of Mir Qasim of Bengal and Shah Alam of Oudh.
First Anglo-Maratha War (1775-82 AD): British troops defeated Marathas.
Second Anglo-Maratha War (1803-05 AD): Inconclusive.
Third Anglo-Maratha War (1817-1818 AD): Marathas were conclusively defeated.
First Anglo-Mysore War (1766-69 AD): Alliance of British, Nizam of Hyderabad and Marathas fought against Hyder Ali.
Second Anglo-Mysore War (1780-84): British forces and Hyder Ali faught the inconclusive war.
Third Anglo-Mysore War (1789-92): British forces defeated Tipu Sultan.
Fourth Anglo-Mysore War (1799): Tipu Sultan died fighting the British forces.
Indian Revolt. (1857): The revolt by several leaders and armies of certain areas was suppressed brutally by the British forces.
Indo-China War (1962): China attacked India unilaterally and annexed some areas. India repulsed and by the time the international agencies intervened. China had already taken over some Indian land.
Indo-Pakistan War (1965): Pakistan attacked India but had to suffer severe setbacks. India had an upper hand.
Indo-Pak War (1971): Pakistan declared war against India. India retaliated strongly; got East Bengal liberated from Pakistan and went deep inside Pakistani territory. After ceasefire, the territory was returned.
Kargil War (1999): Pakistani infiltrators crossed the LOC: Indian army launched ‘Operation Vijay”. Infiltrators pulled back and captured all territory, Indian casualty were 407 dead. 584 wounded and six missing.
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