In this article, we will discuss roman numerals and we will also learn how we can convert roman numerals into numbers. First, let us know more about roman numerals. Roman numerals as the name suggest deriving their name from Rome in ancient times. It was widely used not only in Rome but also in other parts of Europe as well. It grew fast in all parts of Europe, but also witnessed a fall in its usage after the roman empire was not at its helm. However, to this day we can still find usage of roman numerals in various areas.
The XXV Number means 25 in Romans.
Roman Numerals are not depicted by numbers as is the case normally with the help of alphabets such as X, XI… and so on. Some alphabets signify a large number such as ‘M’ signifies ‘thousand’. In this article we will learn about how we can convert them into numbers, by following the steps given below:
Step 1: First we need to understand that roman numerals are a combination of one or more than one alphabet so we need to add the value of one alphabet with another so as to get the value depicted by the alphabet/alphabets.
Step 2: Each alphabet has one value that carries value, for example ‘I’ means 1 (one), IV means 4 ( four ) and X stands for 10 (Ten).
Step 3: Identify the alphabets and their value and the order in which they Are placed, eg XXV, X denotes ten (10), followed by X again which again implies ten (10) and then V in the end ‘V’ means five (5) so we will add all the numbers which in this case is 10 + 10 +5 = 25. It is also called the Addition Method whereby all the alphabets are added to get the desired number. Where a greater alphabet follows a smaller one they are added with each other to the desired result.
Step 4: Another method that is also used in some cases is subtracting the alphabets placed before with the one following it for eg IV, which denotes 4 (four), it has two letters I and V denoting I as one and V as five so the one following the next letter is subtracted to get the answer i.e V is subtracted from I to get IV or 5 – 1 = 4. This is also called the subtraction method. it should be kept in mind that if a smaller letter follows a greater alphabet the same is subtracted to get the desired result.
Another important thing to note is that the same number cannot be added or written more than three (3) times at once for eg XXX is 10+10+10= 30 But XXXX does not mean 40, it is not valid
Some other important letters and their number is noted below :
L means 50
M means 1000000
D means 500000
Roman Numerals can also be converted into words. It is not a difficult task at all to convert roman numerals into words as the roman numerals are. We have already learnt how to convert them into numbers so it is not going to be a difficult job to convert them into words, as we know well how to write numbers in words.
Step 1: First we will convert roman numerals into numbers by following the above steps. For example XXV means 10 + 10+ 5 = 25 .
Step 2: Convert the numbers into words and then add them, for eg XXV means ten + ten + five = twenty-five
Converting Roman numerals into words is simple as all we have to do is convert the Romans first into numbers and then as we normally do convert them into words, which is not as tedious a task as one might think.
Q.1 How to know when to add numerals and when to subtract?
This is one of the most complex problems you can face on this topic. The golden rule is to understand that when the small letter is followed by a larger letter then in such a case the rule is to subtract the larger letter with the smaller one a prime example of it is IV, the small letter I followed by V so same is subtracted to arrive at 4 which will be our answer and when the larger one is followed by a smaller one the same is to add to a larger number to arrive at our answer
Q.2 Can we directly convert Roman Numerals into words?
The answer is yes it is not a big deal to first convert the roman numerals into words. So it is possible to convert them first into words
Q.3 How to remember the numbers carried by each letter?
The best way is to read them a few times and after some time it will get registered easily. After reading them time and again you will have a good grip on the letters and numbers they carry so that is the basic way to learn them. You can also use mnemonics if you want but reading them time and again will be better as it will get registered in your brain better.
Q.4 Can Number be converted into Roman Numerals?
Yes, it is possible to convert normal numbers into Roman Numerals all we have to do is follow the steps mentioned above the other way round. Say you want to convert 25 into Roman Numerals this is possible as we know that X stands for 10 so we will use two X and V stands for 5 so we can make 25 as XXV in roman numerals
Q.5 How to convert words into Roman Numerals?
On this page, we have given the detailed steps to convert words into roman numerals. Follow the steps given on this page.
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