NEP 2020 Tamil Nadu Govt Rejects ‘3 Language Formula: One provision in the new National Education Policy, NEP 2020  has stirred a political storm in the state of Tamil Nadu. The NEP has proposed a three-language formula wherein the specific provision reads that, “The three languages learned by children will be the choices of States, regions, and of the students, so long as at least two of the three languages are native to India.”

This proposal laid down in the NEP 2020 has been opposed by the Tamil Nadu government. The Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Mr. Palaniswami stated that, “The three-language formula in the NEP is painful and saddening. The Prime Minister (Narendra Modi) should reconsider the three-language policy.” He further added that, “Tamil Nadu will never allow the Centre’s three-languages policy. The state will continue with its dual language policy.” He also stated that the decision on the above matter should be allowed to be made by the state governments in respective states. 

All Political Parties in Tamil Nadu Oppose The Decision

The Chief Minister was forced to make a statement on this issue after a scathing attack by the opposition on the government. The principal opposition party DMK also stated that the government should stick to the two-language policy and reject the three-language policy proposed in NEP 2020. The opposition parties also asked the Chief Minister to pass a cabinet resolution in this regard. The chief minister then convened a high-level meeting wherein he discussed the matter with his colleagues and minister including the Deputy Chief Minister, O Panneerselvam, School education minister K A Sengotaaiyan, and Higher education minister K P Anbalagan.

Opposition to Imposition of Hindi and Sanskrit Under NEP 2020

The main point of contention regarding NEP 2020 in Tamil Nadu is that the above provision is being seen as an attempt to impose Hindi and Sanskrit on the Tamil people. The state has historically been against the imposition of Hindi and Sanskrit in school curriculum and the roots of the Dravidian movement are also found in this opposition which gave rise to many noted politicians in the state. The state government had opposed this provision when the NEP 2020 came for review and had written a letter to the Prime Minister, Mr. Narendra Modi registering the opposition of the ruling party as well as the opposition parties of Tamil Nadu. 

 

New Education Policy 2020: With the nod from the union cabinet, the New Education Policy 2020 came into effect. This announcement marks a watershed moment in the education sector as it envisages significant reforms in the education sector with more focus on non-academic skills and increasing the inclusion of students. While introducing the New Education Policy 2020, union minister Prakash Javdekar stated that, “Cabinet under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to new education policy for the 21st century. It is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy.” He also informed the media that the government has decided to rename the Ministry of Human Resource Development as the Education Ministry. Check | MP Laptop Scheme for Class 12 Meritorious Students: Rs. 25,000 to Buy Laptops

New Education Policy 2020: Highlights for Higher Education

  1. AICTE and UGC will now be replaced by a single higher education regulator i.e. HECI. It will manage the accreditation, funding, regulation, and academic standards.
  2.  HECI will have four verticals which would form the basis for the National Higher Education Qualification Framework. These verticals would be Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC), National Higher Education Regulatory Council (HNERC), National Accreditation Council (NAC), and General Education Council (GEC)
  3. Universities will be named based on the quality of education not the ownership. Check | Manodarpan: HRD Minister Launches Student Counselling Initiative to Help Kids Manage Stress Better
  4. Professionals councils will now function as Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs). This will include councils like National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET), Veterinary Council of India (VCI), Council of Architecture (CoA) etc.
  5. Attention to provide impetus to multidisciplinary education. Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) will also move towards a holistic curriculum featuring subjects from arts and commerce.
  6. Students pursuing 4-year degrees will be eligible to get a degree with research, if the process of research is completed in the area of study specified.
  7. The duration of undergraduate programmes will either be three or four years. There will be multiple exit options with relevant certifications like, Check | NITI Aayog Atal Innovation Mission Launches App Development Module For School Students
  • After one year – Certificate
  • After two years programme – Diploma
  • After three years programme – Bachelor’s degree

Though, preference will be given to the four-year multidisciplinary programme for a Bachelor’s degree.

  1. Setting up the National Research Foundation to enable a culture of research. This foundation will be managed by a board of governors. It will fund grant proposals across disciplines and function as a liaison between the branches of government and researchers.

New Education Policy 2020: highlights for School Education

  • The present structure of 10+2 will be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 structure. Herein, the first three years will be for nursery and kindergarten as formative years.
  • Higher emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education for students aged 3 to 6 years. Provisions to be made to ensure universal access to high-quality ECCE across India. National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy to be set-up across the country for improving foundational literacy. 
  •  Science, Arts, and Commerce streams removed, offering students to choose the subjects they want to study. Music, physical education, sports, vocational skills, and arts will be considered at the same level, giving students flexibility with the choice of subjects in secondary school. Coding lessons to commence from 6th class.
  •  Students will learn three languages based on the choice of the state and the students. Two of the three languages must be native to India. Check | Career After 12th | Career Options After 12th Science, Arts, And Commerce
  •  State governments and UT governments to implement plans for ensuring universal foundational literacy and numeracy for students of up to grade 3 across all primary schools to be achieved by 2025.
  •  Extensive use of technology. E-content to be prepared in regional languages as well. Schools to be digitally equipped.

Brecking News: पूरा Education System बदल गया है | New Education Policy 2020 | जाने आपके लिए क्या है खास?

 

New Education Policy And Sport: While interacting with the media during the opening session of the International Webinar on Olympism and Olympic Education in the 21st century,’ the Union Sports Minister, Mr. Kiren Rijiju stated that in the country’s new education policy, sports will be included as a part of the curriculum and will not be further treated as an extra-curricular activity. He was quoted as saying that, “The new education policy of India is also going to have sports as a part of education (and) sports not as extra-curricular activities.” Check >> Yoga Olympiad 2020: NCERT To Hold Yoga Olympiad Online This Year, Check Details

The minister further added that sports must be made a mandatory part of the education and should no longer be considered as an additional or optional subject. He said that he believes that education and sports are the same and should be treated as equals. His exact words being, “Sports is also an education, so sports cannot be extra-curricular activities. Thereby sports cannot be treated as an optional subject. Sports, as part of education, has to be accepted by all.”

Significant Initiatives Taken By The Government In This Direction

The minister stated that “The new education policy of India is not officially declared yet, but it is almost in the final shape. My ministry has already pushed very strongly during our interaction and my participation in the national committee to make sports an integral part of the education system.”

He also informed the media that the government has set-up a high-level committee to form the National Sports Education Board. He was quoted as saying, “I am very happy to share that we have already announced our National Sports Education Board. Now it is in a formation stage, and I have constituted a very-high level committee, and this committee is under discussion on how to bring the national sports education board into shape.” Check Also >> Karnataka School: No Online Classes For Children Till Class 5, Karnataka Government

Olympic Museum Must Be Constructed In India

The sports minister also expressed his keen desire to construct an Olympics Museum in the country. But he said that these plans would have to wait for some time until the COVID-19 situation normalizes across the nation. When asked about the plans for an Olympic Museum, he stated that “About the Olympic Museum, I personally feel that the Olympic Museum is a very important treasure. We need to have in every country and a country like India, we have a good legacy, we must have that. So maybe after this COVID-19, when everything is over, we will discuss having a beautiful (and) worthy of calling it (an) Olympic museum, maybe in Delhi, maybe in our National Stadium. I am very keen to have an Olympic Museum in India.” Read | CBSE Exam Results 2020 By Aug 15, Schools May Open After August – HRD Minister

 

 

 

In order to assess the impact of the coronavirus and plan the way forwards, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been holding review meetings pertaining to various sectors of the economy. Recently, he held a meeting with the HRD Minister, Mr. Ramesh Pokhriyal, Home Minister Mr. Amit Shah, Finance Minister Ms. Nirmala Sitharaman, and other senior officials of the government.

 

During the meeting, the impact of the lockdown on the education sector was considered along with issues and reforms required in the sector. National Education Policy (NEP) was also discussed in the meeting.

 

In this review meeting pertaining to the education sector, major emphasis was laid on enhancing and improving the learning experience by integrating the latest technology in the education sector. Options like using education portals, conducting online classes, and class-wise broadcast on education channels were also explored.

 

The official statement from the Prime Minister’s Office states that “The focus was on bringing uniformity in education providing universal access to quality education, improving the quality of elementary education, through a new national curriculum framework that focuses on multi-linguistic, 21st-century skills, integration of sport and art, environmental issues, etc.”

It further added that “The use and promotion of technology in various modes for education at school and higher levels was discussed in detail – i.e., online mode, TV channels, radio, podcasts, etc. Reforming the higher education scenario by making Indian Education System at par with the highest global standards making education effective, inclusive, contemporary rooted in the Indian culture and ethos.”

 

The prime minister, senior ministers, and other senior officials also emphasized on the importance of adopting contemporary pedagogy, early childhood care, and education, rationalization of education, foundational literacy and numeracy, along with the preservation of linguistic and cultural diversity of India.

 

The statement from the PMO further elaborated on the decision to usher in reforms in the education sector to make India the knowledge “Superpower” by the creation of a vibrant knowledge society based on the better quality of education. In order to ensure time-bound achievement of these goals and effective educational governance, the latest technologies like Artificial technology will be aggressively promoted.

 

Due to the nationwide lockdown expected to continue for another few weeks, it is important for the government to ensure that the education and learning processes do not stop.

As students are unable to move out of their homes and the schools and colleges might not open before July, using technological innovations is the only way forward. In the coming days, some significant announcements pertaining to the education sector can be expected from the government.