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New Education Policy – NEP 2020 : Check Complete Details

First Education policy came in 1968 under Indra Gandhi Government. The Second Education Policy in India was introduced in the year of 1986 under the surveillance of Rajiv Gandhi Government which was modified in 1992 by P.V, Narasimah Rao Government. After 34 years in India there comes a New Education Policy (NEP) in 2020. In India, looking onto education perspective, a huge ground breaking incident happened which was Right to Education where got incorporated in the Constitution of India under Article 21 A. After including this Fundamental Right into the Constitution , a lot of changes took place in the Education system. Article 21 A allows schools to be make mandatory to enroll students from the age group 6 to 14 where should get free education and it was actively regulated in India.


  • HRD Ministry now renamed as Ministry of Education.

  • GDP investment in education to increase from 1.6% to 6%.

  • Focusing on Gross Enrollment Ratio which will be increased to 50% by 2035.

These numbers are only achievable when an existing approach with a dynamic change is introduced. This New Education Policy – NEP 2020 has a holistic approach in which academic , vocational, extra curricular are given equal footing and is fully focused on students in the sense that if they have any interest in any field or area, they can develop the skills and after passing out, a student should be ready to face the reality of the world .


The existing structure of 10+2 is divided into a new pattern :


5 year

Aanganbadi, preschool, balvatika

Class 1 and 2

Age (3-6)

Age (6-8)

3 year

Class 3 to 5


3 year

Class 6 to 8

Age (11-14)

4 year

Class 9 to 12

Age (14-18)

After this move the playschool period will turn into Formal Education by which students can get into school curriculum according to Global Standards and as per scientific research this age group has an excellent grasping power and a proper mental development of this age group is necessary.

  • Students to learn coding from 6 grade.

 After this from Class 6 grade , students will be taught coding. This practice was done in China from a specific time period and now we can have a clear look onto their development level!

  • Mother tongue to be medium of instruction till class 6 grade.

Early phase of education can be in mother tongue exemplified by Europe where adopting mother tongue gives better understanding to students.

  • Report card will be comprehensive based on skills + capabilities.

360 degree holistic report card will be given in which academic , practical , curricular, co-curricular information will be properly mentioned.


New Education Policy -NEP 2020 adopted multidisciplinary approach in which these programs will be included:

  • Holistic Undergraduate program.

  • Flexible curriculum.

  • Vocational Subjects.

  • Interdisciplinary combination of subjects .

We can understand this approach in simple words that there will not be a strict division on the basis of Science , Commerce and Arts Stream. Students can make their own combination of subjects.

  • Sanskrit and other classical languages + literature as an option will be available.

Students who have keen interest in the creative field area gets a chance in NEP because New Education Policy- NEP 2020 introduces an ACADEMIC BANK OF CREDITS by using which, students can take a sub article in a year and can rejoin their academics.

  • Single regulator for higher education (Excluding medical and legal)

  • MPhil to be discontinued.

  • Flexibility of Subjects.

  • Public investment in education to reach 6% of GDP at the earliest.

For encouraging Multidisciplinary Education on the level of IITs and IIMs , MERU (Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities ) will be made in Higher Education arena to foster research culture. The National Research Foundation as epic body will be set up with Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) as a sole body on legal and medical education will be excluded.

The ultimate aim of any education system is the welfare of every student and no student should be left out of any opportunity to learn and shine because of the circumstances of their birth and background. New Education Policy-NEP 2020 has an ambition of 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GEER) in schools by 2030. National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT)has undertaken the true picture of National Achievement Survey (NAS) , which is firmly supported by The Union Ministry of Education.

This survey was conducted to understand how positively the school system is functioning in India. It can be called as a largest assessment conducted in India as well as in the world .

New Education Policy – NEP 2020 recognizes how much there is a need to evaluate “higher-order skills”, such inspections of critical thinking and conceptual transparency and shifting the subject matter from marks-based to competency-based.


Q1.  Is there any change in the medium of studying in NEP 2020?

Ans: Mother tongue is going to be the medium of instruction till class 6 grade.

Q2. What are the major changes brought by NEP at school level?

Ans: 1. Students to learn coding from 6 grade.

        2. Mother tongue to be medium of instruction till class 6 grade.

        3.Report card will be comprehensive based on skills + capabilities.

Q3. Are there any modifications at college/university level brought by NEP 2020?

Ans: Few undertakings from the NEP 2020 for higher studies are:

Holistic Undergraduate program, Flexible curriculum, Vocational Subjects, Interdisciplinary combination of subjects , Single regulator for higher education (Excluding medical and legal) , MPhil to be discontinued, Flexibility of Subjects.

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