New Education Policy 2020: With the nod from the union cabinet, the New Education Policy 2020 came into effect. This announcement marks a watershed moment in the education sector as it envisages significant reforms in the education sector with more focus on non-academic skills and increasing the inclusion of students. While introducing the New Education Policy 2020, union minister Prakash Javdekar stated that, “Cabinet under Prime Minister Narendra Modi has given approval to new education policy for the 21st century. It is important, as for 34 years there were no changes in the education policy.” He also informed the media that the government has decided to rename the Ministry of Human Resource Development as the Education Ministry. Check | MP Laptop Scheme for Class 12 Meritorious Students: Rs. 25,000 to Buy Laptops
New Education Policy 2020: Highlights for Higher Education
- AICTE and UGC will now be replaced by a single higher education regulator i.e. HECI. It will manage the accreditation, funding, regulation, and academic standards.
- HECI will have four verticals which would form the basis for the National Higher Education Qualification Framework. These verticals would be Higher Education Grants Council (HEGC), National Higher Education Regulatory Council (HNERC), National Accreditation Council (NAC), and General Education Council (GEC)
- Universities will be named based on the quality of education not the ownership. Check | Manodarpan: HRD Minister Launches Student Counselling Initiative to Help Kids Manage Stress Better
- Professionals councils will now function as Professional Standard Setting Bodies (PSSBs). This will include councils like National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE), Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR), National Council for Vocational Education and Training (NCVET), Veterinary Council of India (VCI), Council of Architecture (CoA) etc.
- Attention to provide impetus to multidisciplinary education. Indian Institute of Technology (IITs) will also move towards a holistic curriculum featuring subjects from arts and commerce.
- Students pursuing 4-year degrees will be eligible to get a degree with research, if the process of research is completed in the area of study specified.
- The duration of undergraduate programmes will either be three or four years. There will be multiple exit options with relevant certifications like, Check | NITI Aayog Atal Innovation Mission Launches App Development Module For School Students
- After one year – Certificate
- After two years programme – Diploma
- After three years programme – Bachelor’s degree
Though, preference will be given to the four-year multidisciplinary programme for a Bachelor’s degree.
- Setting up the National Research Foundation to enable a culture of research. This foundation will be managed by a board of governors. It will fund grant proposals across disciplines and function as a liaison between the branches of government and researchers.
New Education Policy 2020: highlights for School Education
- The present structure of 10+2 will be replaced by a new 5+3+3+4 structure. Herein, the first three years will be for nursery and kindergarten as formative years.
- Higher emphasis on Early Childhood Care and Education for students aged 3 to 6 years. Provisions to be made to ensure universal access to high-quality ECCE across India. National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy to be set-up across the country for improving foundational literacy.
- Science, Arts, and Commerce streams removed, offering students to choose the subjects they want to study. Music, physical education, sports, vocational skills, and arts will be considered at the same level, giving students flexibility with the choice of subjects in secondary school. Coding lessons to commence from 6th class.
- Students will learn three languages based on the choice of the state and the students. Two of the three languages must be native to India. Check | Career After 12th | Career Options After 12th Science, Arts, And Commerce
- State governments and UT governments to implement plans for ensuring universal foundational literacy and numeracy for students of up to grade 3 across all primary schools to be achieved by 2025.
- Extensive use of technology. E-content to be prepared in regional languages as well. Schools to be digitally equipped.
Brecking News: पूरा Education System बदल गया है | New Education Policy 2020 | जाने आपके लिए क्या है खास?