About Armed Forces
The Indian Armed Forces are the military forces of Democratic India that include three professional uniformed services: The Indian Army, The Indian Navy, and The Indian Airforce.
The Indian Armed Forces are further supported by:
- The Indian Coast Guards
- The Paramilitary Organisation such as Assam Rifles
- Special Frontier Forces
And also Inter-service commands and institutions like:
- The Strategic Forces Command
- The Andaman and Nicobar Command
- Integrated Defence Staff.
The President of India is the Supreme Commander In-charge of the Indian Armed Forces.
The Ministry of Defence of the Government of India manages the Indian Armed Forces.
The Indian Armed Forces are the world`s second-largest military forces with a total strength of over 1.4 million active personnel. Also, The Indian Armed Forces have the world`s third-largest defense budget in the world and are the world`s fourth-largest most powerful military according to the 2020 Global Firepower Report.
The Indian Army
The Indian Army is the land-based branch and the largest component of Indian Defence. The Supreme Commander In-charge of the Indian Army is the president of India. The professional head in the Indian Army is the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), who is a four-star general in the Army.
The preliminary mission of the Indian Army is to guarantee our country`s national security and to defend the nation from external aggression as well as from internal dangers to maintain peace and order within the borders.
The Indian Army conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances.
Indian Army Officer: Eligibility Criteria for Joining Indian Army
Candidates can join the Indian Army through various recruitment and openings. Some of them are: Permanent Commission or Short Service Commission.
- National Defence Academy: NDA Exam I & II
- NDA exams are conducted two times a year and interested candidates can appear for both exams if they wish to.
- The candidate`s age should be between 15 ½ – 18 ½ years and unmarried.
- Candidates may choose any stream in the 12th
- For IAF and Naval Wings, candidates must have chosen Physics and Mathematics as core subjects.
- NDA offers Indian Defence Joining under Permanent Commission.
UPSC Combined Defence Services: CDS Exam I & II
- CDS exams are also conducted two times a year
- The candidate`s age should be between 18-24 years and unmarried.
- Candidates may have graduated from any stream.
- Both male & female candidates can apply for this, unlike NDA.
- Females can only opt for Officer Training Academy.
- Through CDS candidates are selected for IMA, AFA, INA, & OTA.
- CDS offers Indian Defence Joining under Permanent Commission.
Technical Entry Scheme
- The candidate`s age should be between 16 ½ to 19 ½ years and unmarried.
- Candidates should have passed 10+2 with a min of 70% marks in PCM.
- Every year there are 90 vacancies through Technical Entry Schemes.
Technical Graduate Course (TGC)
- The candidate`s age should be between 20 to 27 years and unmarried.
- Candidates should have opted for Engineering with any stream in graduation.
- Every year there are 40 vacancies through the Technical Graduate course.
- TGC offers Indian Defence Joining under Permanent Commission.
- The NCC Cadets having ‘C’ Certificate with Grade ‘A’ or ‘B’.
- Age Limit: 19 to 25 years.
- Candidates must be Graduate with 50% aggregate marks.
- Male & Female candidates can Join the Indian Army with the Judge Advocate General Duty entry.
- The age limit is 21 to 27 years.
- Candidates must be a graduate with a minimum of 55% marks.
The Indian Airforce
The Indian Air Force (IAF) is the air arm of the Indian Defence and the preliminary mission of IAF is to guarantee the security of Indian Aircraft and also to conduct aerial warfare during armed dissension. IAF was established on 8 October 1932. The Chief of Air Staff is an Air Chief Marshal, who is a four-star officer and is responsible for the bulk of active functional command of the Air Force. IAF is the 7th strongest and 4th largest air force in the world. Indian Air Force has created a world record after performing the highest landing of a C-130J at Daulat Beg Oldi airstrip in Ladakh at the highest of 16614 feet. IAF has the largest airbase in Asia and over 60 airbases spread all over India. IAF`s motto “Nabha Sparsham Deeptham” is taken from the11th chapter of the Bhagavad Gita. Sir Thomas Walker Elmhirst was the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Air Force. IAF has total of seven headquarters all over India which are as:
- HQ Central Air Command, Allahabad
- HQ Eastern Air Command, Shillong
- HQ Western Air Command, New Delhi
- HQ Southern Air Command, Thiruvananthapuram
- HQ South-Western Air Command, Gandhi Nagar
- HQ Maintenance Command, Nagpur
- HQ Training Command, Bangalore
The Indian Navy
The Indian Navy deals with the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme commander in charge and the Chief of Naval Staff is a four-star admiral, commands the navy. The primary mission of the navy is to safeguard the nation`s maritime borders. The first operation of the Indian Navy was the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in 1961.INS Vikrant is the first Indian NavyAircraft Carrier and INS Viraat is the largest aircraft carrier where INS stands for Indian Naval Ship or Indian Navy Station. The Ezhimala Naval Academy in Kerala is the largest Naval Academy in Asia. The Naval Headquarter is located in New Delhi and the naval bases are in Mumbai, Visakhapatnam, Pune, Chennai, Goa, Kochi, Coimbatore, Port Blair, and Chilika. MARCOS (Marine Commandos) is the special force of the Indian Navy and are called “the few, the fearless”. Indian Navy consists of three commands that are:
- Eastern Command, Vishakhapatnam
- Western Command, Mumbai
- Southern Command, Cochin
How to join Indian Armed Forces:
- National Defence Academy:
- Indian Military Academy (Non-Tech):
- Short Service Commission (Non-Tech):
(Men & Women)
Qualifications: BE/ B.Tech stream of Engineering / B. Arch, MSc Computer.
- NCC Special (Men & Women):
Qualification: Graduation with 50% aggregate “A” or “B” grade in NCC “C” certificate.