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CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23

Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23

The Central Board of Secondary Education has released the Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23 on its official website. The  Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23 we have covered on this page in the simplest format so students won’t get into trouble while using Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23. In Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23, we have covered the units, chapters, practicals, practical evaluation schemes, and reference books.

Class 12 Geography Syllabus PDF

Download PDF of Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23

Geography Class 12 CBSE Syllabus 2022-23: Exam Structure

Here we have provided the structure of the CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23. In CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23 the board has given 10 units. The students must go through the CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23 structure given below in the table:

Part Units No. of Periods Marks
A Fundamentals of Human Geography 90 35 Marks
Unit 1: Human Geography 07  

 

30

Unit 2: People 20
Unit 3: Human Activities 32
Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade 26
Map Work 05 5
B India: People and Economy 90 35 Marks
Unit 6: People 15  

 

30

Unit 7: Human Settlements 10
Unit 8: Resources and Development 30
Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade 15
Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems 15
Map Work 05 5
Total 180 70 Marks
C Practical Work in Geography Part II 40 30 Marks
Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping 25 15
Unit 2: Spatial Information Technology 15 10
Practical Record Book and Viva Voce 5

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23- Unit-wise

Class 12 Geography Syllabus Part A: Fundamentals of Human Geography

Unit 1: Human Geography

• Nature and Scope

Unit 2: People

• The World Population- distribution, density and growth
• Population change – Components of population change, Demographic Transition
• Human development – concept; selected indicators, international comparisons

Unit 3: Human Activities

•Primary activities – concept and changing trends; gathering, pastoral, mining, subsistence
agriculture, modern agriculture; people engaged in agricultural and allied activities – some
examples from selected countries
• Secondary activities- concept; manufacturing: types – household, small scale, large scale; agro
based and mineral based industries;
• Tertiary activities – concept; trade, transport and tourism; services; people engaged in tertiary
activities
• Quaternary activities- concept; people engaged in quaternary activities – case study from
selected countries

Unit 4: Transport, Communication and Trade

• Land transport – roads, railways; transcontinental railways Water transport- inland waterways; major ocean routes
• Air transport- Intercontinental air routes Oil and gas pipelines
• Satellite communication and cyber spaceimportance and usage for geographical information; use of GPS
• International trade- bases and changing patterns; ports as gateways of international
trade; role of WTO in international trade

Map Work on identification of features based on 1-5 units on theoutline Physical/Political map of World.

Class 12 Geography Syllabus Part B: India: People and Economy

Unit 6: People

• Population: distribution, density and growth; composition of population – linguistic, religious;
sex, rural-urban and occupational-regional variations in growth of population

Unit 7: Human Settlements

• Rural settlements – types and distribution
• Urban settlements – types, distribution and functional classification

Unit 8: Resources and Development

•Land resources- general land use; agricultural land use; geographical conditions and
distribution of major crops (Wheat, Rice, Tea,Coffee, Cotton, Jute, Sugarcane and Rubber);
agricultural development and problems
• Water resources-availability and utilizationirrigation, domestic, industrial and other uses;
scarcity of water and conservation methods-rain water harvesting and watershed management
• Mineral and energy resources- distribution of metallic (Iron ore, Copper, Bauxite, Manganese); non-metallic (Mica, Salt) minerals; conventional (Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas and Hydroelectricity) and non-conventional energy sources (solar, wind, biogas) and conservation
• Planning in India- target group area planning (case study); idea of sustainable development
(case study)

Unit 9: Transport, Communication and International Trade

• Transport and communication roads, railways, waterways and airways: oil and gas pipelines;
Geographical information and communication net works
• International trade- changing pattern of India’s foreign trade; sea ports and their hinterland and airports

Unit 10: Geographical Perspective on selected issues and problems

• Environmental pollution; urban-waste disposal
• Urbanization, rural-urban migration; problems of slums
• Land degradation

Map work on locating and labeling of features based on above units on outline map of India.

Geography Class 12 CBSE Syllabus 2022-23 Practical Work in Geography Part II

Unit 1: Processing of Data and Thematic Mapping

• Type and Sources of data: Primary, Secondary and other sources
• Tabulating and processing of data; calculation of averages, measures of central tendency
• Representation of data- construction of diagrams: bars, circles and flowchart; thematic
maps; construction of dot; choropleth and isopleths maps

Unit 2: Spatial Information Technology

• Introduction to GIS; hardware requirements and software modules; data formats; raster and
vector data, data input, editing and topology building; data analysis; overlay and buffer.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23: Prescribed Books

1. Fundamentals of Physical Geography, Class XI, Published by NCERT
2. India, Physical Environment, Class XI, Published by NCERT
3. Practical Work in Geography Part I, Class XI, Published by NCERT
4. Fundamentals of Human Geography, Class XII, Published by NCERT
5. India – People and Economy, Class XII, Published by NCERT
6. Practical Work in Geography Part II, Class XII, Published by NCERT

Note:
1. The above textbooks are also available in Hindi medium.
2. Kindly refer to the latest editions of all NCERT Textbooks.

CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23: Question Paper Design

COMPETENCIES Total Marks and %

70 Marks

DEMONSTRATE 29 marks- 41%
APPLICATION 26 marks – 37%
FORMULATE 15 marks – 22%
TOTAL 70 marks – 100%

Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2022-23: FAQs

Q. Will CBSE conduct CBSE Class 12 Exam 2023 annually?
Yes, CBSE has recently announced that from the next session CBSE will conduct annual
board exams.
Q. Where I can get CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2023?
You can get CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2023 from this page. To get the syllabus of other subjects the students can visit the official website of Adda247 School.
Q. How many units are there in CBSE 12 Geography Syllabus 2023?
CBSE Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2023 consists of 10 units. The theory part of CBSE
Class 12 Geography Syllabus 2023 consists of 70 marks while the practical part consists
of 30 marks.

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