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CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2022-23

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023

The Central Board of Secondary Education has recently released the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023. The CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023 consists of 9 units. We have covered CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023 in detail on this page. The students studying in Class 11 must follow the CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023 religiously to pass Class 11 examination with flying colors. Below we have given a brief summary of all the units.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023
Unit  Periods Marks 
Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 18 7
Unit 2: Structure of Atom 20 9
Unit 3: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties 12 6
Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 20 7
Unit 5: Chemical Thermodynamics 23 9
Unit 6: Equilibrium 20 7
Unit 7: Redox Reactions 9 4
Unit 8: Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques 20 11
Unit 9: Hydrocarbons 18 10
Total  160 70

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 1

Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry 

General Introduction: Importance and scope of Chemistry. Nature of matter, laws of chemical combination, Dalton’s atomic theory: concept of elements, atoms and molecules. Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept and molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formula, chemical reactions, stoichiometry and calculations based on stoichiometry.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 2

Unit 2: Structure of Atom 

Discovery of Electron, Proton and Neutron, atomic number, isotopes and isobars. Thomson’s model and its limitations. Rutherford’s model and its limitations, Bohr’s model and its limitations, the concept of shells and subshells, dual nature of matter and light, de Broglie’s relationship, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, concept of orbitals, quantum numbers, shapes of s, p and d orbitals, rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle, Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule, electronic configuration of atoms, stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 3

Unit 3: Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

Significance of classification, brief history of the development of periodic table, modern periodic law and the present form of periodic table, periodic trends in properties of elements -atomic radii, ionic radii, inert gas radii, Ionization enthalpy, electron gain enthalpy, electronegativity, valency. Nomenclature of elements with atomic number greater than 100.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 4

Unit 4: Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure 

Valence electrons, ionic bond, covalent bond, bond parameters, Lewis’s structure, polar character of covalent bond, covalent character of ionic bond, valence bond theory, resonance, geometry of covalent molecules, VSEPR theory, concept of hybridization, involving s, p and d orbitals and shapes of some simple molecules, molecular orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules (qualitative idea only), Hydrogen bond.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 5

Unit 5: Chemical Thermodynamics

Concepts of System and types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions. First law of thermodynamics -internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, measurement of ΔU and ΔH, Hess’s law of constant heat summation, enthalpy of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization, solution and dilution. Second law of Thermodynamics (brief introduction) Introduction of entropy as a state function, Gibb’s energy change for spontaneous and non- spontaneous processes, criteria for equilibrium. Third law of thermodynamics (brief introduction).

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 6

Unit 6: Equilibrium

Equilibrium in physical and chemical processes, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s principle, ionic equilibrium- ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionization of poly basic acids, acid strength, concept of pH, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), buffer solution, Henderson Equation, solubility product, common ion effect (with illustrative = examples).

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 7

Unit 7: Redox Reactions 

Concept of oxidation and reduction, redox reactions, oxidation number, balancing redox reactions, in terms of loss and gain of electrons and change in oxidation number, applications of redox reactions.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 8

Unit 8: Organic Chemistry -Some Basic Principles and Techniques

General introduction, methods of purification, qualitative and quantitative analysis, classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds. Electronic displacements in a covalent bond: inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation. Homolytic and heterolytic fission of a covalent bond: free radicals, carbocations, carbanions, electrophiles and nucleophiles, types of organic reactions.

CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023: Unit 9

Unit 9: Hydrocarbons 

Classification of Hydrocarbons
Aliphatic Hydrocarbons:

Alkanes – Nomenclature, isomerism, conformation (ethane only), physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation, combustion and pyrolysis.

Alkenes – Nomenclature, the structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism, physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides (Markovnikov’s addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition.

Alkynes – Nomenclature, the structure of triple bond (ethyne), physical properties, methods of preparation, chemical reactions: acidic character of alkynes, addition reaction of – hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halides and water.

Aromatic Hydrocarbons: Introduction, IUPAC nomenclature, benzene: resonance, aromaticity, chemical properties: mechanism of electrophilic substitution. Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of the functional group in monosubstituted benzene. Carcinogenicity and toxicity.

Practical Given in CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023

Evaluation Scheme for Examination Marks
Volumetric Analysis 08
Salt Analysis 08
Content-Based Experiment 06
Project Work 04
Class record and viva 04
Total  30

List of CBSE Class 11 Practicals 

Micro-chemical methods are available for several of the practical experiments, wherever possible such techniques should be used.
A. Basic Laboratory Techniques

1. Cutting glass tube and glass rod
2. Bending a glass tube
3. Drawing out a glass jet
4. Boring a cork

B. Characterization and Purification of Chemical Substances

1. Determination of melting point of an organic compound.
2. Determination of boiling point of an organic compound.
3. Crystallization of impure sample of any one of the following: Alum, Copper Sulphate, Benzoic Acid.

C. Experiments based on pH

1. Any one of the following experiments:

  • Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solution of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper or universal indicator.
  • Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration. Study the pH change in the titration of a strong base using universal indicator.

2. Study the pH change by common-ion in case of weak acids and weak bases.

D. Chemical Equilibrium

One of the following experiments:

  1. Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/decreasing the concentration of either of the ions.
  2. Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co(H2O)6] 2+ and chloride ions by changing the concentration of either of the ions.

E. Quantitative Estimation

  1. Using a mechanical balance/electronic balance.
  2. Preparation of standard solution of Oxalic acid.
  3. Determination of strength of a given solution of Sodium hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of Oxalic acid.
  4. Preparation of standard solution of Sodium carbonate.
  5. Determination of strength of a given solution of hydrochloric acid by titrating it against standard Sodium Carbonate solution.

F. Qualitative Analysis

  1. Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt
  • Cation: Pb2+, Cu2+ As3+, Aℓ3+, Fe3+, Mn2+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4 +
  • Anions: (CO3)2-, S2-, (SO3)2-, (NO2)-, (SO4)2-, Cℓ-, Br-, I-, (PO4)3-, (C2O4)2- , CH3COO-, NO3-

(Note: Insoluble salts excluded)

2. Detection of -Nitrogen, Sulphur, Chlorine in organic compounds.

G. Projects 

Scientific investigations involving laboratory testing and collecting information from other sources.
A few suggested Projects

  1. Checking the bacterial contamination in drinking water by testing sulphide ion
  2. Study of the methods of purification of water
  3. Testing the hardness, presence of Iron, Fluoride, Chloride, etc., depending upon the regional variation in drinking water and study of causes of presence of these ions above permissible limit (if any).
  4. Investigation of the foaming capacity of different washing soaps and the effect of addition of Sodium carbonate on it
  5. Study the acidity of different samples of tea leaves.
  6. Determination of the rate of evaporation of different liquids.
  7. Study the effect of acids and bases on the tensile strength of fibers
  8.  Study of acidity of fruit and vegetable juices.

Note: Any other investigatory project, which involves about 10 periods of work, can be chosen with the approval of the teacher.

Practical Examination For Visually Impaired Students 

Note: Same Evaluation scheme and general guidelines for visually impaired students as given for Class XII may be followed.

A. List of apparatus for identification for assessment in practical (All experiments)

Beaker, tripod stand, wire gauze, glass rod, funnel, filter paper, Bunsen burner, test-tube, test tube stand, dropper, test tube holder, ignition tube, china dish, tongs, standard flask, pipette, burette, conical flask, clamp stand, dropper, wash bottle

  • Odour detection in qualitative analysis
  • Procedure/Setup of the apparatus

B. List of Experiments A. Characterization and Purification of Chemical Substances

  1. Crystallization of an impure sample of any one of the following: copper sulphate, benzoic acid

C. Experiments based on pH

  1. Determination of pH of some solutions obtained from fruit juices, solutions of known and varied concentrations of acids, bases and salts using pH paper
  2. Comparing the pH of solutions of strong and weak acids of same concentration.

D. Chemical Equilibrium

  1. Study the shift in equilibrium between ferric ions and thiocyanate ions by increasing/decreasing the concentration of either ions.
  2. Study the shift in equilibrium between [Co(H2O)6]2+ and chloride ions by
    changing the concentration of either of the ions.

E. Quantitative estimation

  1. Preparation of standard solution of oxalic acid.
  2. Determination of molarity of a given solution of sodium hydroxide by titrating it against standard solution of oxalic acid.

F. Qualitative Analysis

  1. Determination of one anion and one cation in a given salt
  2. Cations – NH4+
  3. Anions – (CO3)2-, S2-, (SO3)2-, Cl-, CH3COO-(Note: insoluble salts excluded)
  4. Detection of Nitrogen in the given organic compound.
  5. Detection of Halogen in the given organic compound.

Note: The above practical may be carried out in an experiential manner rather than
recording observations.

Reference Books for CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023

1. Chemistry Part – I, Class-XI, Published by NCERT.
2. Chemistry Part – II, Class-XI, Published by NCERT.
3. Laboratory Manual of Chemistry, Class XI Published by NCERT
4. Other related books and manuals of NCERT including multimedia and online sources

Note: The content indicated in NCERT textbooks as excluded for the year 2022-23 is not to be tested by schools

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FAQs on CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023

Q. Will CBSE conduct CBSE Class 11 Exam 2023 annually?
Yes, CBSE has recently announced that from the next session CBSE will conduct annual board exams.
Q. Where I can get CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023?
You can get CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus 2023 from this page. To get the syllabus of other subjects the students can visit the official website of Adda247 School.
Q. How many units are there in CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023?
CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023 consists of 9 units. The units of CBSE Class 11 Chemistry Syllabus 2023 are Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry, Structure of Atom, Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties, Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure, Chemical Thermodynamics, Equilibrium, Redox Reactions, Organic Chemistry: Some Basic Principles and Techniques, Hydrocarbons.

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