7 Continents: The earth’s overall landmass is made up of seven continents of varied proportions. Some are interconnected, while others are not. Each one has a distinct number of countries. Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, North America, South America, and Antarctica are the names of the world’s 7 continents. If you consider North and South America to be one continent, all continents begin and conclude with the same alphabet. Around 71% of the Earth is made up of water, while the remaining 29% is made up of land. Indeed, billions of years ago, the world’s seven continents were merged into a single huge landmass known as Pangaea. Plate tectonics, however, caused them to progressively break apart and split. According to a study, Europe and North America are still separating at a rate of 7 cm every year.
The Amazon, the world’s largest river by volume and the second-longest (6440 km), is located in South America. The Angel Falls, the world’s highest waterfalls, are found on this continent. The green anaconda, the world’s largest and second-longest snake, is also found in South America. This continent is home to the world’s highest volcanoes, Mt. Cotopaxi and Mt. Chimborazo. Brazil is the world’s largest coffee producer and is located in South America. The most widely spoken languages on this continent are Portuguese and Spanish. Lake Titicaca is the world’s highest (3800 m) and the largest lake in South America. The Andes, after the Himalayas, is the world’s second-highest mountain range. South America is home to these young-fold mountains.
North America is the only continent having five time zones and every type of climate. North America is also known as the “New World” and was named after the explorer Americo Vespucci. It has the highest population density of the seven continents, with 22.9 people per square kilometre. North America is home to Lake Superior, the world’s largest freshwater lake. The Mississippi River (3778 km) is the world’s third-longest river. North America has the greatest average per-person income when compared to the other continents. North America includes the world’s largest economy, the United States of America. North America is the world’s greatest producer of maize, what, and soyabean. Cuba, commonly known as the “Sugar Bowl of the World,” is located in North America and is the world’s largest sugar exporter among the seven continents.
Antarctica is not only the coldest region on Earth, but it is also the highest, driest, windiest, and emptiest. It contains 75% of the world’s ice and 70% of the freshwater. It’s also known as the Frozen Continent or the White Continent. Antarctica was previously known as ‘Terra Australis Incognita,’ which meant ‘the undiscovered southern continent.’ Antarctica experiences half a year of daylight and half a year of darkness: the summer months of December to February have 24 hours of daylight, while the winter months of late March to late September are completely dark. The interior of the Frozen Continent is roughly -35 degrees Celsius, while the beaches are around 2 degrees Celsius. In the winter, the temperature in the interior is -70 degrees Celsius, while the coastlines are 2 degrees Celsius. The coldest natural temperature ever recorded on Earth was -89 degrees Celsius in Antarctica. On this continent, there are no time zones. The research bases, where experts from various countries come to do their work, are the only permanent settlements in Antarctica. Antarctica is home to penguins, with Adelie penguins being the most prevalent.
Africa is the second-largest continent in the world, after Asia. For thousands of years, the continent’s topography was uninhabitable and unknown, earning it the moniker “Dark Continent.” Africa is home to the world’s longest river, the Nile, and the world’s largest desert, the Sahara. Ethiopia, the world’s hottest country, is located in Africa. The Dark Continent is located in the middle of the equator, and it receives direct sunlight throughout the year. According to studies, Africa is where Homo sapiens began before migrating to the rest of the world’s continents. More than half of the world’s gold and 95% of the world’s diamonds come from Africa’s mineral-rich continent. The Dark Continent also provides 66% of the world’s cocoa. Cheetah, African elephant, lion, zebra, Egyptian mongoose, giraffe, and addax are some of the notable creatures found in Africa.
Europe and Asia are divided by the Ural Mountains and the Caspian Sea, but they are also part of the same large landmass. Mt. Elbrus is the tallest peak on this continent. Some of Europe’s largest mountain ranges include the Balkans, Pyrenees, Apennines, Cantabrian, and Dinaric Alps. The Vatican City, the world’s tiniest country, is located in Europe. The Danube, Elbe, Loire, Oder, Dnieper, and Don are some of Europe’s largest rivers. The Trans-Siberian Rail Route in Europe, which connects St Petersburg in the west to Vladivostok in the east, is the world’s longest rail route. The Steppe region of Ukraine is known as the ‘World’s Granary’ or ‘World’s Bread Basket.’ Moscow is known as the ‘Port of Five Seas,’ as it connects to five seas by rivers and canals. In Europe, three-quarters of the world’s potatoes are grown. The Volga is Europe’s longest river.
Australia is the world’s smallest continent and is also referred to as an “island continent” because it is surrounded on all sides by the ocean. The Commonwealth of Australia is Australia’s official name. To distinguish it from the country of Australia, the continent of Australia is often referred to as Sahul, Australinea, or Meganesia. Australia is totally south of the equator and is commonly referred to as “down under.” Australia gets its name from the Latin term ‘australis,’ which means ‘southern.’ Australia ranks first among all continents in terms of wool production and import. This is due to the fact that the world’s smallest continent’s sheep population is 14 times that of its human population.
Asia is the world’s largest continent in terms of both size and population among the seven continents. One-third of the earth’s surface is occupied by Asia. It boasts 30% of the world’s land area and 60% of the world’s people. It is home to Russia, the world’s largest country, as well as China and India, the world’s two most populous countries. The top of Mount Everest, which is 29,028 feet (8,848 meters) tall, is located in Asia. The continent is home to ten of the world’s tallest peaks. From space, the Great Wall of China is the only man-made structure visible. Two huge ancient civilisations arose in Asia: Harappan civilisation and Chinese civilisation. Hinduism, Islam, Buddhism, and Christianity all originated in Asia.
7 Continents Names Areas, Populations, Population Shares, and number of countries below table-
|Continents||Area (km²)||Population (By 2021)||Population Share (%)||Number of countries|
Q. What are the 7 continents of the world?
The seven continents are Asia, Africa, Europe, Australia, North America, South America, and Antarctica.
Q. Which is the world’s largest continent?
The world’s largest continent is Asia.
Q.Which is the world’s smallest continent?
The world’s smallest continent is Australia.
Q. Which is the most populous continent?
Asia is the most populous continent in the world.
Q.Which is the coldest continent in the world?
Antarctica is the coldest continent in the world
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