Environment Daily Quiz for MPSC and UPSC: 12 May 2021 | पर्यावरण दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये एमपीएससी आणि यूपीएससीसाठी: 12 मे 2021_00.1
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Environment Daily Quiz for MPSC and UPSC: 12 May 2021 | पर्यावरण दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये एमपीएससी आणि यूपीएससीसाठी: 12 मे 2021

Environment Daily Quiz for MPSC and UPSC: 12 May 2021 | पर्यावरण दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये एमपीएससी आणि यूपीएससीसाठी: 12 मे 2021_40.1

पर्यावरण दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये: 12 मे 2021

महाराष्ट्र राज्य लोकसेवा आयोग दरवर्षी वेगवेगळ्या परीक्षे मार्फत हजारो विद्यार्थ्यांची भरती करून घेते  MPSC State Service, MPSC Group B, MPSC Group C, Saral Seva Bharati, Talathi, UPSC, SSC, RRB अशा अनेक परीक्षांमार्फत हजारो जागांची भरती दरवर्षी निघते ज्यात लाखो इच्छुक हजार किंवा त्याहूनही कमी जागांसाठी अर्ज करतात. आपण एमपीएससी आणि इतर परीक्षाची तयारी करत असाल तर आपल्याला क्विझ देण्याचे महत्त्व माहित असलेच पाहिजे. बर्‍याच विद्यार्थ्यांना अभ्यासाचे पुरेसे तास दिले जात असतानाही त्यांना या परीक्षांची पूर्तताही करता आली नाही कारण ते त्यांचे परीक्षण वेळेवर पूर्ण करू शकत नाहीत आणि संशोधन करण्याचा उत्तम मार्ग म्हणजे त्या संबंधित विषयाची किंवा विषयाची क्विझ देणे कारण आपण या मार्गाने कव्हर करू शकता कमी वेळात जास्तीत जास्त विषय. आम्हाला Add 247 मराठी येथे चांगल्या अभ्यास सामग्रीचे मूल्य समजले आहे आणि म्हणूनच आम्ही सर्व विषयांसाठी आपल्याला क्विझ प्रदान करीत आहोत. दैनिक क्विझ देऊन तुम्ही तुमच्या तयारीची पातळी तपासू शकता.

चालू घडामोडी, भूगोल, अर्थशास्त्र, पर्यावरण, सामान्य विज्ञान, इतिहास, पॉलिटी अशा सर्व स्पर्धात्मक सामान्य अभ्यास विषयांमध्ये पर्यावरणाचाही महत्वाचा वाटा आहे. तर चला पर्यावरण बद्दल तुमची तयारी तपासण्यासाठी खालील 11 मे 2021 ची पर्यावरणाची दैनिक क्विझ पहा.

 

Q1. निळ्या ध्वज प्रमाणन संबंधित खालील विधानांचा विचार करा,

  1. ही संयुक्त राष्ट्र पर्यावरण कार्यक्रम (यूएनईपी) ची पर्यावरण प्रमाणपत्र योजना आहे
  2. ओडिशाचा चंद्रभागा समुद्रकिनारा आशिया खंडातील पहिला ब्लू फ्लॅग प्रमाणपत्र आहे
  3. निळ्या ध्वजात ग्लोबल फॉरेस्ट फंड योजना देखील आहे ज्यातून कार्बनची ठसा कमी होण्यास मदत होते

वर दिलेली कोणती विधान / विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) 1 आणि 2

(b) 2 आणि 3

(c) 1 आणि 3

(d) 1, 2 आणि 3

 

 

Q2. खालील विधानांचा विचार करा

  1. गोड्या पाण्याचे डॉल्फिन फक्त गंगा-ब्रह्मपुत्र नदी पात्रात आढळतात.
  2. चिलिका तलाव हे जगातील इरावाडी डॉल्फिन्सचे सर्वात मोठे निवासस्थान आहे.

        वर दिलेली कोणती विधान / विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) 1 आणि 2

(b) 2 आणि 3

(c) 1 आणि 3

(d) 1, 2 आणि 3

 

 

Q3.नूतनीकरणक्षम उर्जेसाठी जागतिक ऍटलास एक वेब प्लॅटफॉर्म आहे जे वापरकर्त्यांना जगभरातील स्थानांसाठी अक्षय ऊर्जा स्त्रोतांचे नकाशे शोधू देते. हा  उपक्रम ______ चा आहे.

(a) आंतरराष्ट्रीय सौर संघटना (आयएसए).

(b) आंतरराष्ट्रीय अपारंपरिक ऊर्जा एजन्सी (IRENA)

(c) आयएईए

(d) यूएनईपी

 

 

Q4. जैवइंधन राष्ट्रीय धोरण 2018 संदर्भात खालील विधानांचा विचार करा

  1. हे नवीन आणि नूतनीकरणयोग्य ऊर्जा मंत्रालयाद्वारे नियंत्रित केले जाते (एमएनआरई)
  2. दुसऱ्या पिढीतील इथेनॉल शुद्धीकरण स्थापन करण्यासाठी व्यवहार्यता अंतर निधीची तरतूद.
  3. अतिरिक्त उत्पादनामुळे पिकांच्या किंमतीत बिघाड झाल्यास अन्नधान्यांमधून इथेनॉल उत्पादनाचे नियमन करण्यासाठी राष्ट्रीय जैव इंधन समन्वय समिती.

वर दिलेली कोणती विधान / विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) 1 आणि 2

(b) 2 आणि 3

(c) 1 आणि 3

(d) 1, 2 आणि 3

 

 

Q5. ‘पिच टू मूव्ह’, मोहिमेसंदर्भात पुढील विधानांचा विचार करा

  1. नीती आयोगाचा एक उपक्रम आहे.
  2. पर्यावरण अनुकूल गतिशीलतेसाठी अभिनव उपायांचा प्रस्ताव देणारी प्रारंभ ओळखणे आणि त्यास बक्षीस देणे हे यामागील उद्दीष्ट आहे.

वर दिलेली कोणती विधान / विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) केवळ 1

(a) केवळ 2

(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2

(d) 1 किंवा 2 नाही

 

 

Q6. वन्यजीव अभ्यासासाठी एकात्मिक विकास (आयडीडब्ल्यूएच) योजनेबाबत खालील विधानाचा विचार करा.

  1. जैवविविधता संवर्धनासाठी ही मध्यवर्ती योजना आहे.
  2. वाघ प्रकल्प अंतर्गत राष्ट्रीय उद्यानांना वित्तपुरवठा होतो.

वर दिलेली कोणती विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) केवळ 1

(a) केवळ 2

(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2

(d) 1 किंवा 2 नाही

 

 

Q7. पुढील विधानांचा विचार करा

  1. नीलगिरी तहर ही केवळ पश्चिम घाटावर आढळणारी एक गंभीर चिंताजनक प्रजाती आहे.
  2. संगई ही मणिपूरच्या स्थानिक फूमडिसांकरिता नृत्य करणारी हरिण चिंताजनक प्रजाती आहे

  वर दिलेली कोणती विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) केवळ 1

(a) केवळ 2

(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2

(d) 1 किंवा 2 नाही

 

 

Q8.काझीरंगा राष्ट्रीय उद्यानासंदर्भात पुढील विधानांवर विचार करा.

  1. आसाममध्ये स्थित युनेस्को जागतिक वारसा आहे.
  2. हे ब्रह्मपुत्र नदीद्वारे काढलेले आहे.

  वर दिलेली कोणती विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) केवळ 1

(a) केवळ 2

(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2

(d) 1 किंवा 2 नाही

 

Q9. ‘वापरलेल्या स्वयंपाकाच्या तेलाचे पुनरुत्पादन  (आरयूसीओ)’ संबंधित खालील विधानांचा विचार करा.

  1. पेट्रोलियम व नैसर्गिक वायू मंत्रालयाचा हा उपक्रम आहे.
  2. या उपक्रमांतर्गत नियुक्त कंपन्या बायो डीझेलमध्ये रूपांतर करण्यासाठी स्वयंपाकाचे तेल गोळा करतील.

  वर दिलेली कोणती विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) केवळ 1

(a) केवळ 2

(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2

(d) 1 किंवा 2 नाही

 

Q10. जागतिक कार्बन प्रकल्पसंबंधी खालील विधानांचा विचार करा

  1. संयुक्त राष्ट्र पर्यावरण कार्यक्रमांतर्गत हा प्रकल्प आहे.
  2. हे मुख्यतः हरितगृह वायू मिथेन (CH)) उत्सर्जनावर केंद्रित आहे

  वर दिलेली कोणती विधाने बरोबर आहे / आहेत?

(a) केवळ 1

(a) केवळ 2

(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2

(d) 1 किंवा 2 नाही

 

 

Environment Daily Quiz for MPSC and UPSC: 12 May 2021 | पर्यावरण दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये एमपीएससी आणि यूपीएससीसाठी: 12 मे 2021_50.1

Environment Daily Quiz for MPSC and UPSC: 12 May 2021 | पर्यावरण दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये एमपीएससी आणि यूपीएससीसाठी: 12 मे 2021_60.1

 

 

Solutions

S1.Ans.(c)

Sol.

The Blue Flag programme for beaches and marinas is run by the international, non-governmental, non-profit organization FEE (the Foundation for Environmental Education). The Blue Flag programme was started in France in 1985. It has been operating in Europe since 1987 and in areas outside of Europe since 2001 when South Africa joined. Today, Blue Flag has become a truly global programme with an ever-increasing number of countries participating in the programme.

The blue flag also has a Global Forest Fund scheme to help individuals like you reduce their carbon footprint while at the same time providing valuable resources and education to communities worldwide.

Recently, the Chandrabhaga beach on the Konark coast of Odisha became the first beach in Asia to get the Blue Flag certification for its environment-friendly and clean beaches, equipped with amenities of international standards for tourists.

 

S2.Ans.(b)

Sol.

There are two types of Dolphins found in India viz. Freshwater dolphins and Oceanic or salt-water dolphins.

Freshwater Dolphins:

The Ganges river dolphin-

○ It is primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers and their tributaries in Bangladesh, India, and Nepal.

○ Schedule I, WPA 1972.

Indus river dolphin-

○ They are found in the Ganga and Beas rivers while mostly found in the main channel of the Indus River in Pakistan.

○ Schedule I, WPA,1972.

Oceanic Dolphins:

Irrawaddy dolphins-

○ Found near sea coasts and in estuaries and rivers in parts of the Bay of Bengal and Southeast Asia.

○ With the number of individuals of the endangered species at 155, Chilka lake is the single largest habitat of Irrawaddy dolphins in the world.

○ Schedule I, WPA 1972.

 

S3.Ans.(b)

Sol.

This question is tough to attempt as it is tough to remember all the reports released by international agencies. The best thing to remember such factual data is to keep on attempting multiple questions.

The Global Atlas for Renewable Energy is a web platform that allows its users to find maps of renewable energy resources for locations across the world. It brings together international research institutions to share over 2000 renewable energy maps on this single and consistent platform covering solar, wind, bioenergy, geothermal and marine energy.

The initiative, coordinated by International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) is aimed at closing the gap between countries that have access to the necessary data and expertise to evaluate the potential for renewable energy deployment in their countries and those that lack these elements.

 

S4.Ans.(d)

Sol.

Ministry of New & Renewable Energy had unveiled National Policy on Biofuels – 2018 which aims at import reduction, environmental benefits, and increased income to farmers by harnessing the bio-energy potential of India.

Salient Features:

  • Categories biofuels as “Basic Biofuels” viz. First Generation (1G) bioethanol & biodiesel and “Advanced Biofuels” – Second Generation (2G) ethanol, Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) to drop-in fuels, Third Generation (3G) biofuels, bio-CNG, etc. to enable the extension of appropriate financial and fiscal incentives under each category.
  • Scope of raw material for ethanol production increased by allowing the use of Sugarcane Juice, Sugar containing materials like Sugar Beet, Sweet Sorghum, Starch containing materials like Corn, Cassava, Damaged food grains like wheat, broken rice, Rotten Potatoes, unfit for human consumption for ethanol production.
  • The policy allows the use of surplus food grains during the surplus production phase for the production of ethanol for blending with petrol with the approval of the National Biofuel Coordination Committee.
  • Viability gap funding scheme for 2G ethanol Bio refineries of Rs.5000 crore in 6 years in addition to additional tax incentives, higher purchase price as compared to 1G biofuels.
  • Setting up of supply chain mechanisms for biodiesel production from non-edible oilseeds, Used Cooking Oil, short gestation crops.

 

S5.Ans.(c)

Sol.

NITI Aayog had launched “Pitch to MOVE” – a mobility pitch competition that aimed to provide budding entrepreneurs of India a unique opportunity to pitch their business ideas to a distinguished jury. Startups working in the various fields of mobility can pitch their ideas to industry leaders and Venture Capitalists for raising investments.

Stakeholders from across the sectors of mobility and transportation gather to co-create a public interest framework to revolutionize transport. Together, government, industry, academia, civil society, and media will set the base for a transport system that is safe; clean, shared, and connected; and affordable, accessible, and inclusive.

 

S6.Ans.(b)

Sol.

The Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (IDWH) is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme launched during the 11th Plan period to provide technical and financial assistance to States/UTs for the protection of wildlife habitat. Hence statement 1 is incorrect.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi had approved the continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Umbrella Scheme of Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-IDWH)beyond the 12thPlan period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.  The Scheme consists of a Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Project Tiger (CSS-PT), Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-DWH), and Project Elephant (CSS-PE). The total outlay is Rs. 1731.72 crores as central share (Rs. 1143 crore for Project Tiger, Rs. 496.50 crores for Development of Wildlife Habitats, and Rs.92.22 crore for Project Elephant) from 2017-18 to 2019-20. The implementation of the schemes would be done through the respective States in designated Tiger Reserves, Protected Areas, and Elephant Reserves.

 

S7.Ans.(d)

Sol.

The Nilgiri tahr inhabits the open montane grassland habitats at elevations from 1200 to 2600 m (generally above 2000 m) of the South Western Ghats. Their range extends over 400 km from north to south, and Eravikulam National Park(Kerala) is home to the largest population. The other significant concentration is in the Nilgiri Hills, with smaller populations in the Anamalai Hills, Periyar National Park, Palni Hills, and other pockets in the Western Ghats south of Eravikulam, almost to India’s southern tip.

They are listed in Schedule I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 and as Endangered on the IUCN Red List

Sangai or brow-antlered deer is a medium-sized deer, with uniquely distinctive antlers, with extremely long brow tine, which form the main beam. The forward protruding beam appears to come out from the eyebrow signifying its name “brow-antlered deer”. It has a dark reddish-brown winter coat, which turns paler in summer.

The deer walks on the hind surface of its pasterns with mincing hops over floating foliage and is hence also called the Dancing Deer.

The brow-antlered deer is endemic to Manipur and Phumdis of Keibul Lamjao National Park are the most important and unique part of Sangai’s habitat. It is largely seen over the floating biomass, locally called “phumdi” in the South-Eastern part of Loktak Lake inside the park. It is the floating mass of entangled vegetation formed by the accumulation of organic debris and biomass with soil. Its thickness varies from few centimeters to two meters. It floats with 4/5 parts underwater. State animal of Manipur, Schedule-I of Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, Endangered on IUCN Red List.

 

S8.Ans.(c)

Sol.

Kaziranga National Park is a world heritage site and famous for the world’s largest population of Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, the landscape of Kaziranga is of sheer forest, tall elephant grass, rugged reeds, marshes & shallow pools. It has been declared a National Park in 1974.

It lies partly in Nagaon District of Assam is the oldest park in Assam covering an area of 430 sq. km along the river Brahmaputra on the North and the Karbi Anglong hills on the South. The National Highway 37 passes through the park area and tea estates, hemmed by table-top tea bushes.

Kaziranga National Park has been recently split into two divisions, with the Brahmaputra coming in between.

1) Eastern Assam Wildlife (southern division)

2) Biswanath Wildlife Division (northern division)

 

S9.Ans.(b)

Sol.

Repurpose Used Cooking Oil (RUCO) is an initiative by the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Hence statement 1 is incorrect.

Cooking oil standards are regulated under the mandate of food safety by FSSAI. According to FSSAI regulations, the maximum permissible limits for Total Polar Compounds (TPC) have been set at 25 percent, beyond which the cooking oil is unsafe for consumption.

The toxicity of these compounds is associated with several diseases such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, liver diseases.

Major highlights:

  • The initiative will enable the collection and conversion of used cooking oil to biodiesel.
  • Identification and designation of potential companies and locations to enable the collection of used cooking oil.

India has the potential to recover 220 crore liters of used cooking oil for the production of biodiesel by 2022 through coordinated action.

Hence statements 2 is correct.

 

S10.Ans.(b)

Sol.

The Global Carbon Project is a Global Research Project of Future Earth and a research partner of the World Climate Research Programme. It was formed to work with the science community to establish a common knowledge base to support policy debate and action to slow down the increase of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Statement 1 is incorrect – is a Research Project of “Future Earth” which is a platform for international scientific collaboration working independent of the UN.

Statement 2 is correct – The anthropogenic activities related to climate change have caused the rise in atmospheric concentrations of the main greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O). The GCP has focuses comprehensively on the global biogeochemical cycles which govern these three greenhouse gases, including their natural and human drivers.

 

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