Current Affairs Daily Quiz In Marathi | 3 June 2021 | For MPSC, UPSC And Other Competitive Exams_00.1
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Current Affairs Daily Quiz In Marathi | 3 June 2021 | For MPSC, UPSC And Other Competitive Exams

Current Affairs Daily Quiz In Marathi | 3 June 2021 | For MPSC, UPSC And Other Competitive Exams_40.1

 

चालू घडामोडी दैनिक क्विझ मराठीमध्ये: 3 जून 2021

 

महाराष्ट्र राज्य लोकसेवा आयोग दरवर्षी वेगवेगळ्या परीक्षे मार्फत हजारो विद्यार्थ्यांची भरती करून घेते  MPSC State Service, MPSC Group B, MPSC Group C, Saral Seva Bharati, Talathi, UPSC, SSC, RRB IBPS RRB अशा अनेक परीक्षांमार्फत हजारो जागांची भरती दरवर्षी निघते ज्यात लाखो इच्छुक हजार किंवा त्याहूनही कमी जागांसाठी अर्ज करतात. आपण एमपीएससी आणि इतर परीक्षाची तयारी करत असाल तर आपल्याला क्विझ देण्याचे महत्त्व माहित असलेच पाहिजे. बर्‍याच विद्यार्थ्यांना अभ्यासाचे पुरेसे तास दिले जात असतानाही त्यांना या परीक्षांची पूर्तताही करता आली नाही कारण ते त्यांचे परीक्षण वेळेवर पूर्ण करू शकत नाहीत आणि संशोधन करण्याचा उत्तम मार्ग म्हणजे त्या संबंधित विषयाची किंवा विषयाची क्विझ देणे कारण आपण या मार्गाने कव्हर करू शकता कमी वेळात जास्तीत जास्त विषय. आम्हाला Add 247 मराठी येथे चांगल्या अभ्यास सामग्रीचे मूल्य समजले आहे आणि म्हणूनच आम्ही सर्व विषयांसाठी आपल्याला क्विझ प्रदान करीत आहोत. दैनिक क्विझ देऊन तुम्ही तुमच्या तयारीची पातळी तपासू शकता.

चालू घडामोडी, भूगोल, अर्थशास्त्र, पर्यावरण, सामान्य विज्ञान, इतिहास, पॉलिटी अशा सर्व स्पर्धात्मक सामान्य अभ्यास विषयांमध्ये चालू घडामोडी महत्वाचा वाटा आहे. तर चला चालू घडामोडी बद्दल तुमची तयारी तपासण्यासाठी खालील 3 जून 2021 ची चालू घडामोडीची दैनिक क्विझ पहा.

 

 

Q1.खालील विधानांचा विचार करा
1. दीर्घ कालावधीच्या सरासरी (एलपीए), विशिष्ट प्रदेशात दीर्घ कालावधीत दिलेल्या मध्यांतर सरासरीसाठी नोंदली गेली आहे, आयएमडीद्वारे विशिष्ट कालावधीसाठी त्या प्रदेशासाठी परिमाणात्मक पावसाचा अंदाज वर्तवताना मानक म्हणून घेतले जाते
2. जर पावसाची नोंद सामान्य पावसाच्या निम्म्या ते 1½ पट कमी असेल, तर आयएमडी हा सामान्य पावसाळा असल्याचे दर्शवितो.
वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) फक्त 1
(b) फक्त 2
(c) दोन्ही 1 आणि 2
(d) 1 किंवा 2 देखील नाही

 

Q2. हिंदी महासागर द्विध्रुवीय (आयओडी) संदर्भात खालील विधानांचा विचार करा
1. उष्णकटिबंधीय हिंदी महासागरातील ही वातावरण-महासागरीय जोडघटना आहे ज्याचे वैशिष्ट्य म्हणजे समुद्राच्या पृष्ठभागाच्या तापमानात फरक आहे.
2. पूर्व विषुववृत्तीय हिंदी महासागरातील सामान्य समुद्र-पृष्ठभागाच्या तापमानापेक्षा थंड आणि पश्चिम उष्णकटिबंधीय हिंदी महासागरातील सामान्य समुद्र-पृष्ठभागाच्या तापमानापेक्षा उष्ण ‘पॉझिटिव्ह आयओडी’-
किंवा फक्त ‘आयओडी’ शी संबंधित आहे
3. नकारात्मक आयओडी ऑस्ट्रेलियात दुष्काळ आणते
वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3
(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) 1, 2 आणि 3

 

Q3.भारतीय हवामान विभागासंदर्भात खालील विधानांचा विचार करा
1. आयएमडी विज्ञान आणि तंत्रज्ञान मंत्रालयाच्या अधिपत्याखाली कार्य करते
2. आयएमडी 1956 मध्ये जागतिक हवामान संघटनेचा सदस्य बनला
3. आयएमडीने जारी केलेल्या हवामानाच्या प्रतिकूल परिस्थितीचा मागोवा घेण्यासाठी शेतकर्यांना विनामूल्य एसएमएस सेवा सुरू केली

वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3

(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) फक्त 3

 

Q4. आयएमडीने जारी केलेल्या खालील रंग इशाऱ्याचा विचार करा
1. पिवळे: हे अनेक दिवस पसरलेले अत्यंत खराब हवामान दर्शविते
2. अंबर (फिकट केशरी): रस्ते आणि रेल्वे बंद होण्याच्या प्रवासात व्यत्यय येण्याची शक्यता असलेल्या अत्यंत खराब हवामानाचा इशारा म्हणून हे जारी केले जाते
3. लाल: तीव्र हवामान अपेक्षित नाही
वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3
(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) फक्त 3

 

Q5. बऱ्याच वेळा “आउटगोइंग लाँग-वेव्ह रेडिएशन (ओएलआर)” संज्ञा चर्चेत दिसून आली आहे.खालीलपैकी कोणते त्याचे योग्य वर्णन करते –
(a) ओएलआर हा पृथ्वीसह बाह्य ग्रहांसाठी प्रक्षेपित केलेल्या उपग्रह मोहिमांमधील लांब पल्ल्याच्या दूरसंचाराचा एक घटक आहे
(b) ओएलआर म्हणजे सूर्याच्या कोरोना थरातून कोरोनल मास इजेक्शन्स
(c) ओएलआर म्हणजे अंतराळातील उपग्रह नुकसान न होता किरणोत्सर्ग प्रचंड प्रमाणात सहन करू शकणार.
(d) ओएलआर हा पृथ्वीच्या ऊर्जा बजेटचा एक महत्त्वाचा घटक आहे आणि वातावरणाद्वारे उत्सर्जित होणाऱ्या
अंतराळात जाणाऱ्या एकूण किरणोत्सर्गाचे प्रतिनिधित्व करतो

 

Q6. पीएम केअर्स फंडासंदर्भात खालील विधानांचा विचार करा.
1. आरटीआय कायदा, 2005 अंतर्गत पीएम केअर्स फंड सार्वजनिक प्राधिकरण आहे आणि पंतप्रधान अध्यक्ष म्हणून आहेत ज्यात विश्वस्त मंडळाचे सदस्य म्हणून 3 कॅबिनेट सदस्यांचा समावेश आहे
2. नुकत्याच झालेल्या कल्याणकारी उपायांनुसार, पीएम केअर्स 18 वर्षे वयापर्यंत पोहोचल्यावर कोव्हिड 19 मुळे अनाथ झालेल्या प्रत्येक मुलासाठी 10 लाख रुपयांचा निधी तयार करेल.
3. कोव्हिडमुळे अनाथ झालेल्या सर्व मुलांना आयुष्मान भारत योजनेअंतर्गत (पीएम-जेए) लाभार्थी म्हणून प्रवेश घेतला जाईल आणि पीएम केअर्सकडून आकारल्या जाणाऱ्या प्रीमियमसह 5 लाख रुपयांचे आरोग्य विमा संरक्षण असेल
वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3
(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) फक्त 3

 

Q7. डी मतदारासंदर्भात खालील विधानांचा विचार करा
1. ज्या व्यक्तींचे नागरिकत्व संशयास्पद होते किंवा वादात होते त्यांना लोकप्रतिनिधित्व कायदा 1951 नुसार ‘डी- मतदार’ म्हणून वर्गीकृत केले जाते
2. संशयास्पद मतदार म्हणून चिन्हांकन हा तात्पुरता उपाय आहे आणि तो लांबवता येत नाही
3. डी-व्होटर मतदान करू शकत नाही परंतु निवडणूक लढवू शकतो
वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3
(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) फक्त 2

 

Q8. परदेशी न्यायाधिकरणासंदर्भात खालील विधानांचा विचार करा
1. परदेशी न्यायाधिकरण ची स्थापना परदेशी (न्यायाधिकरण) आदेश,1964 अंतर्गत केली जाते.
2. परदेशी न्यायाधिकरणाला दिवाणी न्यायालयाचे अधिकार आहेत
3. सर्व राज्ये आणि केंद्रशासित प्रदेशांमधील जिल्हा दंडाधिकाऱ्यांनी भारतात बेकायदेशीरपणे राहणारी व्यक्ती परदेशी आहे की नाही हे ठरवण्यासाठी न्यायाधिकरणांची स्थापना केली.
वर दिलेले कोणते विधान/विधाने बरोबर आहे/ आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3
(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) फक्त 2

 

Q9. खालील जोड्याचा विचार करा
1. वोल्गा नदी : रशिया
2. डॅन्यूब नदी : युक्रेन
3. काउका नदी : ब्राझील
वरीलपैकी कोणती जोडी /जोड्या बरोबर आहे /आहेत?
(a) 1 आणि 2
(b) 2 आणि 3
(c) 1 आणि 3
(d) फक्त 2

 

Q10.काउका खोरे नुकतेच चर्चेत दिसले. ते_____ स्थित आहे-

(a) युरोप
(b) रशिया
(c) सौदी अरेबिया
(d) दक्षिण अमेरिका

 

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Current Affairs Daily Quiz In Marathi | 3 June 2021 | For MPSC, UPSC And Other Competitive Exams_50.1

Solutions

S1.Ans.(c)

Sol.

What do we mean by the long-period average (LPA) of rainfall?

LPA of rainfall is the rainfall recorded over a particular region for a given interval (like month or season) average over a long period like 30years, 50-years etc. It acts as a benchmark while forecasting the quantitative rainfall for that region for a specific month or season. For example, LPA of south-west monsoon rainfall over Kerala for the months June, July, August and September are 556mm, 659mm, 427mm and 252mm respectively. The current LPA of all India south-west monsoon rainfall based on the average rainfall over the period 1961 -2010 is 880.6mm

The LPA of the season rainfall over the country as a whole for the period 1961-2010 is 88 cm

Source: https://mausam.imd.gov.in/imd_latest/monsoonfaq.pdf

S2.Ans.(a)

Sol.

What is the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD)?

It is an atmosphere-ocean coupled phenomenon in the tropical Indian Ocean (like the El Nino is in the tropical Pacific), characterised by a difference in sea-surface temperatures. A ‘positive IOD’ — or simply ‘IOD’ — is associated with cooler than normal sea-surface temperatures in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean and warmer than normal sea-surface temperatures in the western tropical Indian Ocean. The opposite phenomenon is called a ‘negative IOD’ and is characterised by warmer than normal SSTs in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean and cooler than normal SSTs in the western tropical Indian Ocean.

A positive phase or positive IOD tends to have a negative impact on the winter rainfall of Australia. It occurs when sea surface temperatures in the Indian Ocean near Africa’s east coast are warmer than usual, while waters to the northwest of Australia are relatively cooler.

That reduces the amount of moisture available in that region to be dragged across Australia by rain-bearing clouds associated with cold fronts and low-pressure systems.

The opposite happens with a negative IOD — cooler water near Africa and warmer water on Australia’s side of the Indian Ocean can enhance winter and spring rainfall in parts of the country.

In brief :

Source : https://www.abc.net.au/news/2019-05-16/positive-indian-ocean-dipole-bad-news-for-drought-crippled-areas/11120566

http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/history/ln-2010-12/IOD-what.shtml

.

S3.Ans.(d)

Sol.

  1. IMD functions under the aegis of the Ministry of earth sciences
  2. IMD became a member of the World Meteorological Organisation on 27 April 1948
  3. Nowcast is the free SMS service launched For farmers to track extreme weather conditions issued by IMD. The application will provide alerts and updates on extreme weather conditions such as thunder, hailstorms, etc. to over one crore registered farmers on their mobile phones.

Source : https://www.indiatoday.in/education-today/gk-current-affairs/story/government-launched-weather-alert-service-nowcast-258494-2015-06-19

https://mausam.imd.gov.in/

S4.Ans.(a)

Sol.

The IMD has four colour-coded warnings as per the intensity of any weather system — green, yellow, orange, and the last one being red.

The following colour codes are used by IMD to provide inputs to disaster management authorities for the management of severe weather events:

description of the warnings

  • Green: No severe weather expected and no advisories issued
  • Yellow(Be updated):It indicates severely bad weather spanning across several days
  • Orange/Amber(Be prepared): It is issued  as a warning of extremely bad weather with the potential of disruption in commute with road and rail closures, and interruption of power supply etc
  • Red( take action): Remain extra vigilant and be prepared for extraordinary measures and follow orders given by the authorities

Application of the warnings: As per IMD, In the National level weather warnings in map form, red colour over a state does not mean the entire state is under threat (unless otherwise explicitly mentioned)

S5.Ans.(d)

Sol.

OLR is a critical component of the Earth’s energy budget and represents the total radiation going to space emitted by the atmosphere

The OLR balance is affected by clouds and dust in the atmosphere. Clouds tend to block the penetration of long-wave radiation through the cloud and increases cloud albedo, causing a lower flux of long-wave radiation into the atmosphere.[6] This is done by absorption and scattering of the wavelengths representing long-wave radiation since absorption will cause the radiation to stay in the cloud and scattering will reflect the radiation back to earth. The atmosphere generally absorbs long-wave radiation well due to absorption by water vapour, carbon dioxide, and ozone

The reduction of the surface long-wave radiative flux drives the greenhouse effect.[7] Greenhouse gases, such as methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), water vapour (H2O) and carbon dioxide (CO2), absorb certain wavelengths of OLR, preventing the thermal radiation from reaching space, adding heat to the atmosphere. Some of this thermal radiation is directed back towards the Earth by scattering, increasing the average temperature of the Earth’s surface

S6.Ans.(b)

Sol.

  1. PM CARES Fund is a not Public Authority under the RTI Act, 2005 it is composed of the prime minister as exofficio chairman including 3 cabinet members as members of the trustee board
  2. As per the recent welfare measures PM CARES will create a corpus of Rs 10 lakh for each child who got orphaned due to covid 19when he or she reaches 18 years of age.
  3. All children orphaned due to covid will be enrolled as a beneficiary under Ayushman Bharat Scheme (PM-JAY) with a health insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakhs with the premium charged from PM CARES till the age of 18

All other measures announced:

  1. Fixed Deposit in the name of the child:

PM CARES will contribute through a specially designed scheme to create a corpus of Rs 10 lakh for each child when he or she reaches 18 years of age. This corpus:

Will be used to giving a monthly financial support/ stipend from 18 years of age, for the next five years to take care of his or her personal requirements during the period of higher education and On reaching the age of 23 years, he or she will get the corpus amount as one lump-sum for personal and professional use.

  1. School Education: For children under 10 years

The child will be given admission to the nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar.

If the child is admitted in a private school, the fees as per the RTE norms will be given from the PM CARES.PM-CARES will also pay for expenditure on the uniform, textbooks and notebooks.

  1. School Education: for children between 11-18 years:

The child will be given admission to any Central Government residential school such as Sainik School, Navodaya Vidyalaya etc. In case the child is to be continued under the care of Guardian/ grandparents/ extended family, then he or she will be given admission in the nearest Kendriya Vidyalaya or in a private school as a day scholar. If the child is admitted in a private school, the fees as per the RTE norms will be given from the PM CARES.PM CARES will also pay for expenditure on the uniform, textbooks and notebooks.

  1. Support for Higher Education: The child will be assisted in obtaining an education loan for Professional courses / Higher Education in India as per the existing Education Loan norms. The interest on this loan will be paid by the PM CARES.
  2. Health Insurance

All children will be enrolled as a beneficiary under Ayushman Bharat Scheme (PM-JAY) with a health insurance cover of Rs. 5 lakhs.

The premium amount for these children till the age of 18 years will be paid by PM CARES

 Source: https://pib.gov.in/PressReleasePage.aspx?PRID=1722719

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/coronavirus-pm-cares-is-not-a-public-authority-under-rti-act-pmo/article31712146.ece

S7.Ans.(d)

Sol.

D- the voter is the acronym used for ‘doubtful voter’. Those persons whose citizenship was doubtful or was under dispute were categorized as ‘D- Voters’ during the preparation of the National Register of Citizens in Assam.

However, ‘doubtful voter’ or ‘doubtful citizenship’ have not been defined in the Citizenship Act, 1955 or the Citizenship Rules of 2003. The Citizenship Rules, 2003 was framed under the provisions of the Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2003. The rules framed in 2003 list out the steps to be followed for the preparation of the National Population Register (NPR) and the National Register of Indian Citizens (NRIC).

Once a family or an individual is marked as a doubtful citizen (D-Category), they are then informed in a specified pro forma as soon as the verification process comes to an end. They are also given a chance to be heard by the Sub-district or Taluk Registrar of Citizen Registration before arriving at a final decision on whether their name will be included in the register. The Registrar has the time of 90 days to finalize his findings and justify them.

The Electoral Registration Officer (ERO) considers the verification report. If the Registration Officer feels that the person is not an Indian citizen, then the case is referred to the Superintendent of Police who refers it to the Foreigners Tribunal for its opinion. The Foreigner tribunals are set up under the Foreigners (Tribunals) Order, 1964. Based on the tribunal’s decision, the Officer must add or delete the names of doubtful citizens.

Classifying individuals as doubtful voters took place in Assam during the revision of electoral rolls in 1997 by the Election Commission of India

Doubtful voters are not eligible to cast their vote in elections as their Indian citizenship is not confirmed. They are also barred from contesting elections in the country. The marking as the doubtful voter is a temporary measure and cannot be prolonged. A decision in a definite period of time must be taken. If the person is found to be an illegal migrant or a foreigner, they are sent to detention camps and deported depending on the documents presented

 Source: https://factly.in/explainer-all-you-need-about-the-d-voter/

S8.Ans.(d)

Sol. Foreigners’ Tribunals are quasi-judicial bodies established as per the Foreigners’ Tribunal Order, 1964 and the Foreigners’ Act, 1946.

Under the provisions of the Foreigners’ Act, 1946 and Foreigners Tribunal Order, 1964, only Foreigner Tribunals have the right to declare a person as a foreigner.

In the Foreigners’ Tribunal Order, 1964 the powers of the Tribunal have been laid down:-

  • The Tribunal shall have the powers of a civil court while trying a suit under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908.
  • The Tribunal can summon and ask for the attendance of any person and examine him/her on oath.
  • As per the amended foreign tribunals act under MHA The district magistrates in all States and Union Territories are empowered to set up tribunals to decide whether a person staying illegally in India is a foreigner or not. This power was earlier with the central government.

Source : https://www.indialegallive.com/is-that-legal-news/all-you-need-to-know-about-foreigners-tribunals/

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/all-states-can-now-constitute-foreigners-tribunals/article27706366.ece

                 S9.Ans.(a)

                 Sol.

 Why in news: The Colombian Army on Saturday tightened its control over Cali, the country’s third-largest city, after the latest anti-government protests left at least 13 people dead.

Cali is the second-largest city in Colombia by area and the third most populous. It is the only major Colombian city with access to the Pacific Coast. Cali is located in the Cauca Valley to the west of the Cauca River.

  1. Volga river : Russia
  2. Danube river : Ukraine
  3. Cauca river : Columbia

 

S10.Ans.(d)

Sol.

Why in news: The Colombian Army on Saturday tightened its control over Cali, the country’s third-largest city, after the latest anti-government protests left at least 13 people dead.

Cali is the second-largest city in Colombia by area and the third most populous. It is the only major Colombian city with access to the Pacific Coast. Cali is located in the Cauca Valley to the west of the Cauca River.

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