WBCS Syllabus and Exam Pattern 2021: Check Exam Pattern For Prelims, Mains & Detailed Syllabus

The West Bengal Public Service Commission (WBPSC) appoints candidates in the West Bengal Civil Services (WBCS). The WBCS is one of the major exams conducted by the West Bengal State Govt. The WBCS Exam is also known as the W.B.C.S.(Executive).

WBCS recruits eligible candidates in Group-‘A’, Group-‘B’, Group-‘C’, and Group-‘D’ Services. Every year candidates in large nos. apply for the WBCS Exam. In order to be eligible to work in WBCS, it is important to get enlightened with the syllabus and the exam pattern.  Therefore, for the convenience of the WBCS job aspirants, we have discussed in detail the syllabus as well as the exam pattern for WBCS Exam or WBCS Exec. 

WBCS Syllabus 2021

The WBCS Exam Pattern comprises of three stages:
|| Preliminary Exam|Mains Exam|Interview ||

  1. The WBCS Prelims consists of one paper only i.e., General Studies.
  2. The WBCS Mains Exam has six compulsory papers and one optional subject which comprises two papers to be attempted by the candidates.
  3. Optional Subjects are taken by candidates who opt for “Group A and Group B Services”.

WBCS Exam Pattern 2021

The WBCS Exam Pattern is given below. The WBCS Prelims is of  200 marks while the WBCS Mains is of 200 marks each for all the papers. The WBCS Exam Pattern is given below.

Stage  Name of the exam Type of exam Number of question papers Marks
I Preliminary Exam Objective General Studies 200
II Mains Objective+Conventional
  1. Paper-I (Conventional Type)
  2. Paper-II (Conventional)
  3. Paper-III (Objective)
  4. Paper-IV (Objective)
  5. Paper-V (Objective)
  6. Paper-VI
  7. Paper-VII & VIII (Optional)
200 (each) for Paper I to VI 400 for Paper VII and VIII
III Personality Test Interview 200

WBCS Prelims Exam Pattern

The WBCS Prelims Exam Pattern is given below. The WBCS Prelims Exam is of a total of 200 marks. GK Questions ranging from Science, History, Geography, Current Affairs, Polity, are asked. In this paper, Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) are asked.

Subject  Marks No.of Questions Duration 
English Composition 25 25 2 Hours
General Science 25 25
Current events of National & International Importance 25 25
History of India 25 25
Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal 25 25
Indian Polity and Economy 25 25
Indian National Movement 25 25
General Mental Ability 25 25
Total 200 200 2 Hours

WBCS Syllabus for Prelims Exam

The Preliminary Examination is meant to serve as a Screening Test only for the purpose of selection of candidates for the Main Examination. The marks obtained in this examination by the candidates will not be considered for final selection. The WBCS Prelims Exam consists of only one paper, i.e. “General Studies”.

WBCS Prelims Syllabus

The WBCS Prelims Syllabus comprises eight subjects/ topics with 200 (MCQ’s) and the duration of the exam is 2 hours. The Prelims is only a screening test, and its marks are not considered for final selection. The  Prelims Exam tests the knowledge of the candidate. The WBCS Prelims Syllabus for eight (8) topics is discussed below.

Subject Topic
English Composition
  1. Synonyms and Antonyms
  2. Idioms and Phrases
  3. Vocabulary Test
  4. Phrasal Verbs
  5. Homophones
  6. Fill in the qualifying words
General Science
  1. General appreciation
  2. Understanding of science
  3. Matters of everyday observation
  4. Experience expected from an educated person not having made special studies of scientific disciplines.
Current events of National & International Importance
  1. Awards & Honours, Latest Appointments & Discoveries.
  2. Significant events affecting India and its relations with the world
History of India
  1. Emphasis will be on the broad general understanding of the subject in its social, economic, and political aspects.
Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal
  1. Physical, Social, and Economic Geography of the country.
  2. Main features of Indian Agricultural and Natural Resources with special reference to West Bengal
Indian Polity and Economy
  1. Knowledge of the country’s Political System, Panchayati Raj.
  2. Community Development
  3. Planning in India
Indian National Movement
  1. Nature and character of the Nineteenth Century Resurgence
  2. Growth of Nationalism
  3. Attainment of Independence.
General Mental Ability
  1. Logical perception & understanding.
  2. Common Aptitude
  3. Natural conclusion.

WBCS Mains Exam Pattern

There are six compulsory subjects in WBCS Mains Exam and one paper is optional. The optional paper comprises of two papers. The optional paper is to be chosen by the candidates who will be opting to join Group A and Group B services. Each of these papers will consist of 200 marks of 3 hours each. The WBCS Mains Exam Pattern is given below.

WBCS Mains Exam Paper Compulsory  Papers Marks
Group A Group B Group C Group D
Paper-I Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali 200 200 200 200
Paper-II English 200 200 200 200
Paper-III General Studies-I 200 200 200 200
Paper-IV General Studies-II 200 200 200 200
Paper-V The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India 200 200 200 200
Paper-VI Arithmetic & Test of Reasoning 200 200 200 200
Paper-VII Optional Subject – One subject to be chosen 400 400

WBCS Syllabus for Mains Exam

The Main Examination shall consist of six compulsory papers and one optional paper. The optional paper will have two papers to be chosen by the candidates. Out of six compulsory papers four papers i.e. (i) General Studies- I, (ii) General Studies- II, (iii) The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including role and functions of Reserve Bank of India, and (iv) Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning will be of MCQ Type to be answered in OMR answer sheets and remaining two compulsory papers i.e. Paper – I and Paper – II will be of conventionally written exam.

For Group ‘A’ & ‘B’ Services & Posts: All 6 compulsory papers and one optional subject consisting of two papers.
For Group ‘C’ & ‘D’ Services & Posts: All 6 compulsory papers.

WBCS Mains Exam Syllabus

Paper I

Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and Translation from English to Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali.


English – Letter writing (within 150 words) / Drafting of Report (within 200 words), Précis Writing, Composition and Translation from Bengali/Hindi/Urdu/Nepali/Santali to English

Paper III

General Studies-I : (i) Indian History with special emphasis on National Movement and (ii) Geography of India with special reference to West Bengal.

Paper IV

General Studies-II Science and Scientific & Technological advancement, Environment, General Knowledge and
Current Affairs.

Paper V

The Constitution of India and Indian Economy including the role and functions of the Reserve Bank of India.

Paper VI

Arithmetic and Test of Reasoning. The Compulsory Mathematics paper will be of the standard of Madhyamik Examination of the Board of Secondary Education, West Bengal.

Paper VII

Optional Paper: This will comprise of two papers. The list of optional papers that a candidate can choose is given below. The candidates can choose any one of the subjects given below.

Subject Code
Bengali 1
Hindi 2
Sanskrit 3
English 4
Pali 5
Arabic 6
Persian 7
French 8
Urdu 9
Santali 10
Comparative Literature 11
Agriculture 12
Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science 13
Anthropology 14
Botany 15
Chemistry 16
Civil Engineering 17
Commerce and Accountancy 18
Computer Science 19
Economics 20
Electrical Engineering 21
Geography 22
Geology 23
History 24
Law 25
Mathematics 26
Management 27
Mechanical Engineering 28
Medical Science 29
Philosophy 30
Physiology 31
Physics 32
Political Science 33
Psychology 34
Sociology 35
Statistics 36
Zoology 37

Personality Test

The candidates selected in order of merit on the results of the Main Exam for all the services and posts included in Groups A, B, C and D shall have to appear at a Personality Test. Each candidate will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The objective of the test will be to assess the candidate’s personal qualities e.g., alertness of mind, power of clear and logical exposition, intellectual and moral integrity, leadership, and also the candidate’s range of interests.

Note: No separate Personality Test will be held for different groups viz. Group-‘A’, Group-‘B’, Group-‘C’, and Group-‘D’ in respect of a candidate. Marks will be awarded according to different services against allotted full marks for Personality Test.


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