Trinity Test : A dare to begin or conclude

A most famous discussion of July 16, 1945,  when the world’s first super bomb blasted in a desert in New Mexico which was dumped with 13 pounds of plutonium circulating at its core . It has destroyed all and nothing was left lively . Within a few seconds it has turned the greenery into a vast desert

 

After a few minutes after the blast theUS scientists and military personnel were celebrating their success from a distance of a few ten  thousand kilometers and they named it as the beginning of the nuclear era .Before explosion many were in doubt that there will be no blast or destruction and some believed to have one, but after the blast many were celebrating success while others feared that this might be the conclusion or more clearly the cause of destruction of the world

 

The world’s first atomic bomb was also tested on this day, exactly 75 years ago named Gadget the ‘Trinity Test’. After not more than a nuclear bomb was dropped in Nagasaki that has destroyed the place completely named Fat Man

 

Albert Einstein  (Nobel prize winning physicist) warned then-US President Franklin D Roosevelt of the potential threat posed by an atomic weapon being developed by Adolf Hitler.After just a month the giant Germany initiated World War II by approaching Poland

After waiting for some time the United States launched a secret atomic research named the Manhattan project led by US Army Colonel Leslie R Groves. Around 1942 facilities were established in remote locations across the US, as well as in Canada. The laboratory was named as Los Alamos

 

The team at Los Alamos was headed by J Robert Oppenheimer, a physics professor at the University of California, Berkeley. Oppenheimer later came to be known as the “father of the atomic bomb”. His team included Danish scientist Niels Bohr, Italian scientists Enrico Fermi and Emilio Segré, Hungarians Edward Teller and John von Neumann, Hans A. Bethe from Germany, as well as American-born scientist Richard Feyman.

 

The two types of bombs developed are —


1.Uranium based – which was later code-named ‘the Little Boy’ before it was dropped on Hiroshima
2.Plutonium Core

 

In an interview with NBC in 1965, Oppenheimer translated the Bhagavad Gita phrase that has passed his mind during the blast “Now I am becoming death, the destroyer of worlds.”After celebrating the success of the test, Colonel Leslie Groves and Oppenheimer drafted report to submit to the Secretary of War and the US President.

 

As a deadly conclusion of the war there was a sudden rise in infant mortality rate.  According to a  famous study published by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention after  the explosion several residents also complained that the number of cancer patients went up after the Trinity Test.It was only in 1990, when the federal government passed the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act (RECA), that residents of North Mexico who contracted Cancer and other other illnesses due to radiation exposure received compensation.

 

Many residents since more than 100 miles from the test site complained that they had suffered from skin burns, bleeding and loss of hair and cancer. Much more information was released about the damage done by the atomic bombs in Japan. The Hiroshima and Nagasaki bombings are known to have killed well over 2 million people

 


The uranium bomb in Hiroshima on August 6, 1945, destroyed around 1 million people by the end of 1945. The plutonium bomb explosion over Nagasaki, which took place three days later, killed 74,000 people that year, according to International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons (ICANW) data.After witnessing such a destruction in japanese cities Oppenheimer publicly admitted that he regretted building a bomb that had created such destruction

 

Few countries like the US, the UK, Russia, France, India, China, Israel, Pakistan and North Korea possessing nuclear weapon now

 

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