The Preliminary Examination of UPSC Civil Services is the first elimination round which consists of two papers. Or we can say that it is a screening stage of the Civil Services Exam which is conducted by the Union Public Services Commission every year.

In this article, we are providing the syllabus of UPSC Prelims 2021 in-depth that will be helpful for preparing the UPSC Civil Services Exam 2021 for the IAS aspirants.

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The competitive examination comprises two successive stages:

(i) Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination (Objective Type) for the selection of candidates for Main Examination; and

(ii) Civil Services (Main) Examination (Written and Interview) for the selection of candidates for the various Services and posts.

UPSC Prelims Syllabus

It is divided into two parts:

1. General Studies Paper I

2. CSAT or General Studies Paper-II

The preliminary examination of UPSC (IAS) Civil Services is for screening purpose only. It is of qualifying nature that is the marks obtained in the UPSC prelims examination qualifies the candidate to take the UPSC Main examination and will not be counted for determining a candidate’s final order of merit.

Both the papers are conducted on the same day. Paper I in the morning session and Paper-II in the evening session. The maximum limit to complete both the papers is two hours. The questions will be of multiple-choice, objective type.

No Change in UPSC Exam Pattern and No Proposal to drop CSAT- Check Details here

General Studies Paper I (200 marks); Duration (Two hours)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography-Physical, Social, Economic Geography of India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance-Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development-Sustainable Development, Poverty, Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector Initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate Change – that do not require subject specialization.
  • General Science

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 26, 25 September

Paper I: Subject-Wise Division

Subject-Wise Division Syllabus in Detail
Current Events: Events covered are of National and International Importance Current Affairs

Current Affairs with all Dimensions

History: Indian History and Indian Freedom Struggle Ancient History of India

Medieval History of India

Modern History (1857-1947)

Indian National Movement

Geography: Geography of India and Concept of Physical Geography Physical Geography

Human Geography

Economic Geography

World Geography

Polity: Indian Polity and Governance issues Constitutional Framework

Union Executives

State Executives

Federalism in India

Judicial System

Panchayati Raj

Economy: Indian Economy and Social Development – Basic Principles of Indian Economy

– Social Schemes of Government

– Social Development through Economic Empowerment

– Sustainable Development


– Poverty, Inclusion, etc.

Environment and Ecology:

Principles of Environment and Ecology

General Principles

Climate Change and

Climate Summits and Conferences

Biodiversity, etc.

General Science: Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Science and Technology General Principles

Latest Science and Technological Development

CSAT/ General Studies Paper-II (200 marks); Duration(Two hours)

  • Comprehension
  • Interpersonal skills including communication skills
  • Logical reasoning and analytical ability
  • Decision making and problem-solving
  • General mental ability
  • Basic numeracy (numbers and their relations, orders of magnitude, etc.) (Class X level)
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables, data sufficiency etc. (Class X level)

Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) Examination will be a qualifying paper with minimum qualifying marks fixed at 33%.

It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the Papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he/she does not appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) Examination.

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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 25 September, 2020

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020 is discussed here. The Union Public Service Commission has released the Syllabus 2020 for the post of Employees Provident Fund Organisation, Enforcement Officer/Accounts Officer along with the notification. UPSC is going to conduct the  EPFO Enforcement officer written exam on 4th October 2020. Before start preparing for the exam, it becomes very important to know about the UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020. Check all the details related to the UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020 here and get benefited.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Exam Pattern

The UPSC EPFO Exam consists of 2 exam namely written exam and interview. The written exam is of scoring and screening nature, it is used to weed out the non serious candidates. Those candidates who qualify the written exam will be called for the Interview process.

Exam Marks Weightage
Written Exam 100 75%
Interview 100 25%

Important Points:

  1. The Written test will be of two hours duration.
  2. All questions are of equal marks.
  3. The test will contain objective type questions with multiple choices of answers.
  4. The medium of the test will be both Hindi and English.
  5. There will be penalty for wrong answers. Every wrong answer will carry a deduction of one-third of the marks assigned to that question. If no answer is marked for a question, there will be no penalty for that question.


UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Written Test

UPSC has divided the syllabus into a few topics. Aspirants can check the UPSC EPFO Written Test topics in the table below:

UPSC EPFO Written Test Syllabus Topics
1 General English
2 Indian Freedom Struggle
3 Current Events and Developmental Issues
4 Indian Polity & Economy
5 General Accounting principles
6 Industrial Relations & Labour Laws
7 General Science & knowledge of Computer applications
8 General Mental Ability & Quantitative Aptitude
9 Social Security in India

Aspirants can check the elaborated syllabus of each topics in the subsequent paragraphs.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: General English

  1. Cloze Test,
  2. Error Spotting,
  3. Fill in the Blanks,
  4. Para Jumbles,
  5. Phrases/ Idioms,
  6. Phrase replacement,
  7. Reading comprehension,
  8. Sentence completion/ para completion,
  9. Spellings,
  10. Synonyms/Antonyms.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Indian Freedom Struggle

  1. The Carnatic Wars,
  2. Invasion of Bengal,
  3. The three Anglo-Maratha Wars.
  4. Regulating and Pitt’s India Acts.
  5. Early composition of the British raj.
  6. The 1857 Revolt-reasons, character, course and result,
  7. Indian Freedom struggle the first stage
  8. Growth of national consciousness
  9. Creation of Associations,
  10. Establishment of the Indian National Congress and its Moderate stage,
  11. Swadeshi Movement,
  12. Economic Nationalism,
  13. The development of Extremism and the split in Congress
  14. The policy of Divide and Rule
  15. Congress-League Pact of 1916.
  16. Civil Disobedience,
  17. Khilafat movement,
  18. Non-Cooperation Movement,
  19. Quit India Movement,
  20. Subhash Chandra Bose,
  21. Indian National Army.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Current Events and Developmental Issues

Current events basically refers to as the daily current affairs that are important from exam point of view. Developmental Issues confine to the schemes and laws made public by the government to maintain the decorum and for the ease of run of the constitution. developmental issues also covers the yojana’s revealed by the government for the betterment of the public.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Indian Polity and Economy

  1. Indian Constitution,
  2. Historical underpinnings,
  3. Amendments,
  4. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States,
  5. Parliament and State Legislatures: structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these,
  6. Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes,
  7. Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;
  8. Citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  9. Panchayati Raj,
  10. Public Policy,
  11. Rights Issues

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Economy

  1. Economic growth and development – basic concept and definition of economy and economics,
  2. Use and transfer of resources,
  3. Distributive effects,
  4. Macro Economy
  5. Micro economic,
  6. Inclusion: definition, relevance, types, financial inclusion, recent initiatives.
  7. Fiscal policy: definition, component, receipts, revenue and capital account, tax revenue, expenditure, budget.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: General Accounting principles

  1. Principles of Accounting,
  2. Analyzing and Recording Transactions,
  3. Adjustments and Financial Statements,
  4. Completion of the accounting cycles,
  5. Subsidiary Ledgers
  6. Special Journals.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Industrial Relations and Labour Laws

Enforcement Officer Syllabus 2020: Labour Laws

  • About,
  • Types
  • Areas implemented
  • sectors applicable
  • overview

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Industrial Relations

  • Industrial relations code (IRC) Bill
  • Model of labour reforms.

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: General Science and Knowledge of Computer

UPSC Enforcement Officer Syllabus 2020: General Science:

  •  Physics,
  • Chemistry
  • Life Science

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Computer Applications 

  • Computer organisations
  • Operating Systems
  • Database management
  • Data structures
  • Data communications
  • Computer networks

UPSC EPFO Syllabus 2020: Quantitative Aptitude

  • Number Systems
  • Percentage
  • Profit & Loss
  • Average
  • Ratio
  • SI & CI
  • Data interpretation (charts, graphs, tables)
  • Data sufficiency
  • Syllogism
  • Puzzles & More

Candidates can check more Government Jobs here

CDS Syllabus 2020: The “Combined Defence Services” (CDS) Examination is conducted twice a year by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment into the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy. The Notification for the examination is usually released in the months of October/November and June/July, and the examinations are conducted in February and November respectively. Only unmarried graduates are eligible to sit for the exam. Successful candidates are admitted into the respective Academies after an interview conducted by the Services Selection Board (SSB). To clear the examination, first, you need is the complete information of the pattern, syllabus and previous year exam analysis so that it would become easy for you to analyse the examination and to prepare a strategy further.

CDS Syllabus 2020: Overview

Mode of exam Offline
Number of sections Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA) and Air Force Academy (AFA) – Three
Officers’ Training Academy (OTA) – Two
Total marks of the test IMA, INA and AFA – 300
OTA – 200
Nature of questions Objective type
Language of question paper Hindi and English
Duration of the test 2 hours for each section of test

CDS Syllabus 2020: Exam Pattern for IMA, INA, AFA

Subject Duration Maximum marks
English 2 hours 100
General Knowledge 2 hours 100
Elementary Mathematics 2 hours 100

CDS Syllabus 2020: Exam Pattern for OTA

Subject Duration Maximum marks
English 2 hours 100
General Knowledge 2 hours 100

CDS Syllabus 2020: Marking Scheme

Negative marking is applicable for every wrong marked answer. In CDS paper, each question carries 4 options and out of which only 1 option is correct. For each incorrect answer, 1/3 of the marks will be deducted. More than one option marked is treated as incorrect. However, if a question is left unanswered there will be no negative marking.

CDS Syllabus 2020: Subject-Wise Syllabus

Candidates can check the UPSC CDS Syllabus in the table given below.

Sections Topics
  • Spotting Errors Questions
  • Sentence Arrangement Questions
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Selecting Words
  • Ordering of Sentence
  • Comprehension Questions
  • Ordering of words in a sentence
  • Fill in the blanks questions
  • Idioms and Phrases
General Awareness
  • Economics
  • Physics
  • Current Awareness
  • Politics
  • Chemistry
  • Sociology
  • History
  • Defence related Award
  • Geography
  • Environment
  • Sport
  • Biology
  • Cultural
  • Book
  • Statement
  • true/false
Elementary Mathematics Algebra
  • Basic Operations
  • simple factors
  • Remainder Theorem
  • H.C.F.
  • L.C.M.
  • Theory of polynomials
  • solutions of quadratic equations
  • relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
  • Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
  • Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
  • Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
  • Set language and set notation
  • Rational expressions and conditional identities
  • Laws of indices
  • Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
  • Fundamental operations: addition, substraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
  • Unitary method
  • time and distance
  • time and work
  • percentages
  • applications to simple and compound interest
  • profit and loss
  • ratio and proportion
  • variation
  • Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
  • Prime and composite numbers
  • Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
  • Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Euclidean algorithm
  • Logarithms to base 10
  • laws of logarithms
  • use of logarithmic tables
  • Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
  • Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°
  • Simple trigonometric identities
  • Use of trigonometric tables
  • Simple cases of heights and distances
  • Lines and angles
  • Plane and plane figures
  • Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
  • Parallel lines
  • Sides and angles of a triangle
  • Congruency of triangles
  • Similar triangles
  • Concurrence of medians and altitudes
  • Properties of angles
  • sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
  • rectangle and square
  • Circles and its properties including tangents and normals
  • Loci
  • Areas of squares
  • rectangles
  • parallelograms
  • triangle and circle
  • Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
  • Surface area and volume of cuboids
  • lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders
  • surface area and volume of spheres
  • Collection and tabulation of statistical data
  • Graphical representation frequency polygons
  • histograms
  • bar charts
  • pie charts etc
  • Measures of central tendency

CDS Syllabus 2020: FAQs

Q 1. How many stages CDS exam have?
Ans. There are only two stages, written exam and SSB exam
Q 2. Does CDS OTA and CDS IMA have different exam?
Ans. Yes, OTA and IMA have different exam with different sections.
Q 3. Is there any negative marking in the CDS?
Ans. Yes, there is a negative marking in prelims of 1/3 marks.
Q 4. How many sections CDS IMA paper have?
Ans. There are 3 sections in CDS IMA paper.
Q 5. How many sections CDS OTA paper have?
Ans. There are only 2 sections in CDS OTA paper.