The National Medical Commission (NMC), country’s apex regulator of medical education and profession has come into existence from Friday (25 September, 2020).

The National Medical Commission of India has replaced the Medical Council of India (MCI),  as per the gazette notification issued by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.

With the National Medical Commission coming into being, the Board of Governor (BoG) which superseded the MCI on 26 September, 2018, to perform its functions, has been dissolved and around 64-year-old Indian Medical Council Act abolished.

720X420 23-9-2020.jpg

UPSC 2021 Online Coaching Classes | Bilingual GS Foundation Batch

About Medical Council of India (MCI)

In 1934, it has been established under the Indian Medical Council (IMC) Act, 1933. The main function was to determine uniform standards of higher qualifications in medicine and recognition of medical qualifications in India and abroad.

In 1956, the old act was repealed and a new act was enacted in its place. Further, the new act was modified in 1964, 1993 and 2001.

Government Schemes/Programmes for Welfare and Development of Minorities

Some important points are as follows:

– In 2018, the government dissolved Medical Council of India (MCI) and replaced it with a Board of Governors (BoG), which was chaired by the member of NITI Aayog.

– The Indian Medical Council (IMC) Act was repealed in 1956 after the gazette notification and has been replaced by the National Medical Commission Act that came into existence on 8 August, 2019.

– The purpose is to bring reforms within the medical education sector and also to replace MCI, which was tainted by corruption and other problems.

About National Medical Commission (NMC)

The NMC Act will seek to usher mega reforms within the medical education sector, received the assent of the president on August 8, 2019. The Act provided for setting up of an NMC in place of the scam-tainted Medical Council of India. It’ll function as the country’s top regulator of medical education.

Dr. Suresh Chandra Sharma, former head of the All India Institute of Medical Sciences ENT department has been appointed as the chairman of NMC for a period of three years and Rakesh Kumar Vats, who was the Secretary-General in the Board of Governors of the MCI, is the secretary of the commission.

Essential Commodities (Amendment) Bill, 2020: Explained

The four autonomous boards under the NMC Act are:

– The Under-Graduate Medical Education Board (UGMEB)

– Post-Graduate Medical Education Board (PGMEB)

– Medical Assessment and Rating Board

– The Ethics and Medical Registration Board

The NMC comprises a chairman, 10 ex-officio members and 22 part-time members. The ex-officio members include presidents of the four autonomous boards.

According to the new medical education structure under the NMC, now the common final year Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) examination are going to be referred to as the National Exit Test (NEXT).

What is NEXT?

It will act as a licentiate examination to practice medicine. It will provide the criteria for admission to postgraduate medical courses, and also for screening of foreign medical graduates.

It will even be applicable to institutes of national importance including the All India Institutes of Medical Sciences (AIIMS). This is to ensure a common standard in the medical education sector in the country. NEET is conducted by the National Testing Agency (NTA).

The Farmers’ Produce Trade and Commerce (Promotion and Facilitation) Bill, 2020

What are the functions of the National Medical Council (NMC)?

– Policies are going to be provided for regulating medical institutions and medical professionals.

– In healthcare, it’ll assess the requirements of human resources and infrastructure.

– It’ll ensure the compliance by the State Medical Councils with the regulations made under the Bill.

– For determination of fee for up to 50% of the seats within the private medical institutions, it will frame the guidelines.

Note: This topic can be asked in UPSC GS Paper 2.

720 X 420 (1).png

Participate in UPSC Prelims free all India mock exam & Check where you stand before the actual exam. Face the fear on Gandhi Jayanti and win the actual battle on 4th Oct: Register Now

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 28, 28 September

The National Sample Survey’s 75th round was conducted between June 2017 and July 2018 in which households were surveyed on consumption related to education. Recently, the final report was published which shows that 19.8% of students at all levels from pre-primary to graduate students take some form of private coaching. More than 30% of students of Class 9 and 10 starts preparing for the crucial board exams and admission tests.

According to the National Statistical Organisation’s (NSO) latest report on Education, one in five students in India supplements school education with private coaching, including almost one in three at the secondary school level or Classes 9 and 10.

The fees make up for almost 20% of their total cost of education. Private coaching fees make up almost 20% of the total cost of education for those in secondary and higher secondary school. In some states like West Bengal, students spend more on private coaching than on their regular school.

Due to COVID-19 pandemic regular schools, coaching and tuition classes have also been closed. Some of them may be conducting online coaching classes. As per the guidelines issued by the Health Ministry from 21 September, 2020, schools will be partially reopened on a voluntary basis for Class 9 to 12 students.

What is ‘Vaccine Nationalism’?

About the Survey

– This is the 6th survey related to social consumption to education. Earlier on this subject, 35th, 42nd, 52nd, 64th, and 71st rounds had surveyed. From January-June 2014, 71st round took place.

– From all over India, a sample of 64,519 rural households from 8,097 villages and 49,238 urban households from 6,188 blocks was surveyed.

– Both the aspects whether qualitative or quantitative related to the educational attainment of the household members and educational services used by them are covered.

Key findings of the Report:

1. Internet access: According to the National Statistical Organisation Survey on Digital Education Divide, there is a major digital divide within the country across the states, cities and villages, and income groups.

– About 4% of rural households and 23% of urban households possessed computers.

– In the country, 24% of households had internet access.

– Persons of age groups from 15 to 29 years, nearly 24% in rural areas and 56% in urban areas were able to operate a computer.

2. Education and Literacy Rates:

In India 77.7% of the literacy rate among persons aged 7 years and above. In rural areas, it is 73.5% as compared to urban areas that is 87.7%, as per the reports on Literacy Rate.

– Literacy rate of Male was higher (84.7%) than female (70.3%).

– In rural areas, only 5.7% were graduates or above and in urban areas 21.7%.

3. Type of education, Access to schools and Attendance

Within 1 km of the house, only 38% of rural households have secondary schools as compared to 70% for urban households.

– Primary school within 1 km from the house: In rural areas 92.7% of households and in urban areas 7.2% of households.

– 96.1% of students were in general education and remaining was in technical/professional education.

– In rural and urban areas, Gross Attendance Ratio (GAR) at the primary level was nearly 100% for both males and females.

UPSC General Studies Geography Video Course

4. Free education, Scholarships, Stipends:

Nearly 14% of students attending formal education received scholarship/ stipend/ reimbursement at all-India level.

– Students around 77% studying in Government institutions were receiving free education.

– In rural areas, students studying in private unaided institutions and receiving free education was nearly 2% and in urban areas 1%.

– In India, at a pre-primary level, nearly 33% of students were getting free education. And at primary level, the proportion of students receiving free education was 62%.

5. Household expenditure on education:

– During the current academic session (2017-18), average expenditure per student incurred for basic courses was nearly Rs. 8,331 for general courses, Rs. 50,307 for technical/professional courses.

–  For secondary school students, the average annual expenditure on education is Rs 9,013, of which Rs. 4,078 goes towards regular school fees.

– About Rs. 1,632, or just over 18%, goes towards private coaching. n higher secondary school, students spend more than Rs. 2,500, also about 18% of the total expenditure, on private coaching.

6. Private Coaching’s:

In India, nearly 20% of students attending pre-primary and above level were taking private coaching.

At the secondary level, the incidence of taking private coaching was maximum that is 31% of male students and 29% of female students.

7. Those persons who are not currently attending education:

– Percentages of persons in the age group of 3-35 years in India are dropping out of studies that were nearly 14% in rural areas and 10% in urban areas.

– The most common reason for not attending education for the males of age 3-35 years is engaged in economic activities and for females, it was an engagement in domestic activities.

Note: This topic can be asked in UPSC GS paper 2.

Health in India’ Report: Explained

UPSC PRELIMS 2020 Batch | Bilingual | Live Classes