Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

 1. First Khelo India Sports School from North-East

– Union Minister of Youth Affairs & Sports Shri Kiren Rijiju launched the Assam Rifles Public School (ARPS) in Shillong as a Khelo India Sports School on 4 January, 2021.

–  At present, 9 Sports Schools have been approved across the country, out of which 5 are managed by Defence & Para-military forces. In the North-east region, Assam Rifles Public School is the first Sports School announced under Khelo India scheme.

– The Government shall now bear the expenses for Talented Sports Students of the school in terms of lodging, boarding, education expenses, competition exposure, insurance & medical, sports training & support, the salary of coaches & support staff, sports equipment, and more.

– The objective of a Khelo India Sports School is to integrate sports with education and in the process, develop sports in the country and improve the overall profile and outlook of athletes.

– This will also help in the identification and upliftment of talent from North-eastern, rural or tribal areas.

The Assam Rifles Public School was designated as a Khelo India Sports School because of a good track record in academics & sports, adequate boarding & lodging (hostel) facilities, sufficient space to develop sports facilities and inclination to develop Olympic sports under an inter-ministerial partnership between the Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and the Ministry of Home Affairs.

– The disciplines finalised for the school are Archery, Athletics and Fencing with total intake strength of 100 athletes (Boys & Girls in equal ratio) for the first year.

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2. ISRO in collaboration with the private sector will boost “Atmanirbhar Bharat”

– Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) Development of North Eastern Region (DoNER), MoS PMO, Personnel, Public Grievances, Pensions, Atomic Energy and Space, Dr. Jitendra Singh stated that ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) in collaboration with the private sector will boost “Atmanirbhar Bharat”.

– In a brief about some recent achievements of ISRO and India’s space programme, Dr. Jitendra Singh gave full credit to Prime Minister Narendra Modi whose personal intervention had made it possible to arrive at the historic decision to open up India’s Space sector for participation by private players.

–  The decision to create Indian National Space Promotion and Authorisation Centre (IN-SPACe) will provide a level playing field for private companies as well as Start-Ups.

– The proposed range of space activities includes Small Satellite Launch Vehicle, Geospatial services, Satellite Constellation, Application products, etc.

– Besides enhancing the capacity and resources of the Space sector, said Dr. Jitendra Singh, increased participation of private players will also discourage the brain-drain of talented Space scientists and experts who were otherwise moving out of India in search of a break.

– He further informed that more than 25 industries have already approached the Department of Space for undertaking space activities as per the guidelines.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 4 January, 2021

3. TRIFOOD Parks

– Trifed Signs MoU with Akhil Bhartiya Vanvasi Kalyan Ashram for Setting up of TRIFOOD Parks in Madhya Pradesh.

– Continuing its mission to improve the livelihoods of the tribals(both forest dwellers and artisans) and work towards tribal empowerment, TRIFED under Ministry of Tribal Affairs has decided to explore a convergence and build a partnership with Akhil Bhartiya Vanvasi Kalyan Kendra, a pioneering organization that has been working for the welfare of tribals in Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand since 1952.

– In this regard, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was exchanged between the two organisations on January 3, 2021 to work together for setting up of TRIFOOD Parks in 5 districts in Madhya Pradesh.

– The MoU was signed by Shri Pravir Krishna, MD, TRIFED  and Shri Yogesh Bapat, General Secretary, AkhilBhartiyaVanvasi Ashram in the presence of Shri Durga Das Uikey, Member of Parliament from Betul, Madhya Pradesh.

– TRIFED has been actively exploring convergences with various like-minded organizations to continue the mission to improve tribal livelihoods.

– The two organisations will work together by undertaking various initiatives all aimed at improving the livelihood of tribal people and implementation of the Van DhanYojana through the mobilization of Self Help Groups (SHGs) / VanDhanVikas Kendra (VDVKs) / VPCs / TRIFOOD Parks.

– With TRIFED as the mentoring organization, it has been agreed that VanvasiKalyan Ashram would form new Van DhanKendras in tribal areas by identifying SHGs, organize training, building infrastructure, provide machinery and equipment and other support.

– Among other scopes of activities, Kalyan Ashram will include other areas, viz agriculture, horticulture, floriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry, handlooms, crafts to keep the operations running year-long and make the VanDhan scheme all-inclusive and viable.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 29 December, 2020

4. Republic Day Camp 2021

– Director General (DG) National Cadet Corps (NCC) Lt Gen Tarun Kumar Aich formally inaugurated NCC Republic Day Camp (RDC) – 2021 at Delhi Cantt on 4 January, 2021.

– The inauguration ceremony started with ‘Sarv Dharam Pooja’.

– Around 1,000 cadets, including 380 girl cadets with 500 support staff drawn from 17 State Directorates covering all the States and Union territories of the country are participating in this Camp that will culminate with the Prime Minister’s Rally on January 28, 2021.

– The aim of the Camp is to enhance the self-confidence of cadets, deepen their value systems and provide an exposure to the rich culture and traditions of our nation.

– Lt Gen Aich also asked the cadets to participate wholeheartedly & derive maximum benefits from each activity during the month-long camp, while at the same time following the correct COVID-19 protocols.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 26 December, 2020

5. AtalBihari Vajpayee School of Management and Entrepreneurship

– Union Education Minister of India, ShriRameshPokhriyal ‘Nishank’ laid the foundation stone of the buildings for School of Engineering and Atal Bihari Vajpayee School of Management and Entrepreneurship at Jawaharlal Nehru University today through a virtual program.

– Vice-Chancellor, JNU, Prof. M. Jagdish Kumar, Rector I Prof.Chintamani Mahapatra, Rector II Prof. Satish Chandra Garkoti, Rector III Prof. Rana Pratap Singh and the deans of the new schools, Prof. UnnatPandit and Prof. SatyavratPatnaik were present on the occasion.

– Pokhriyal expressed his delight at the naming the School of Management on the name of late Atal Bihari Vajpayee, who was not only an efficient and visionary Prime Minister of India but an inspiring author too.

– The Minister mentioned that engineering and management education will complement each other and will inspire the youth to become entrepreneurs and self-reliant.

– ShriPokhriyalalso congratulated Prof. M. Jagadesh Kumar for taking the University to new heights of progress and initiating realization of National Education Policy 2020 with new initiatives.

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6. “Atmosphere & Climate Research-Modelling Observing Systems & Services (ACROSS)” scheme

– The scheme was recently reviewed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences.

– ACROSS scheme pertains to the atmospheric science programs of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES).

– It addresses different aspects of weather and climate services, which includes warnings for cyclone, storm surges, heatwaves, thunderstorms etc.

– Each of these aspects is incorporated as nine sub-schemes under the umbrella scheme “ACROSS” and is implemented in an integrated.

– The scheme will provide improved weather, climate and ocean forecast and services, thereby ensuring the transfer of commensurate benefits to the various services.

– It will also provide a sizable number of scientific and technical staff along with requisite administrative support, thereby generating employment.

– To ensure last-mile connectivity of the weather-based services to the end-user, a large number of agencies like the Krishi Vigyana Kendras of ICAR, Universities and local municipalities are roped in thus generating employment opportunities to many people.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 25 December, 2020

7. Mannathu Padmanabhan

– He was an Indian social reformer and freedom fighter from Kerala.

–  He lived from January 2, 1878 – February 25, 1970.

– He took part in anti-untouchability agitations and advocated opening temples for people of all castes.

– He also participated in the Vaikom Satyagraha.

– He is also known for his founding of the Nair Service Society (NSS).

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Daily Important News will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

 1. CII Partnership Summit

Union Minister of Railways, Commerce & Industry, Consumer Affairs and Food & Public Distribution Piyush Goyal on 16 December addressed Ministerial Session at the CII Partnership Summit 2020 whose theme is ‘PARTNERSHIPS FOR LIVES, LIVELIHOOD AND GROWTH’.

– H.E. Lyonpo Loknath Sharma, Minister of Economic Affairs, Bhutan, H.E. Uz. Fayyaz Ismail, Minister of Economic Development, Maldives, H E Andres Allamand, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chile, H.E. Dmytro Senik, Deputy Foreign Minister, ,H.E.Caio Mario Paes de Andrade, Special Secretary (Vice Minister) for Debureaucratization, Management and Digital Governance, Ministry of Economy, Brazil took part in the session.

– Shri Goyal said that coming together of friendly nations will help all of them to explore new opportunities, support each other, build upon the friendship and bring benefit for the well-being of their citizens. Mentioning about the close and deep-rooted relations with the participating nations.

– India provides huge opportunity for investments, and procurement of goods and services. India is looking forward for working with friends and neighbours, and having a global footprint.

– As per Piyush Goyal, India is working to turn the Covid crisis into an opportunity, and is confident of reaching the target of $5 Tn economy by 2025, and $10 tn in another 7-10 years.

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2. Government of India and World Bank sign $400 million project

– The Government of India and the World Bank today signed a $400 million project to support India’s efforts at providing social assistance to the poor and vulnerable households, severely impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic.

– This is the second operation in a programmatic series of two. The first operation of $750 million was approved in May 2020.

– The programme will strengthen the capability of state and national governments in India to provide coordinated and adequate social protection to the poor and vulnerable from the shocks triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic.

– This programme will help further expand and deepen the coverage of India’s social protection systems by helping these vulnerable groups in urban and peri-urban areas across the country.

– The agreement was signed by Dr. Mohapatra on behalf of the Government of India and Ms Sumila Gulyani, Acting Country Director, India, on behalf of the World Bank.

– The programme was prepared in collaboration with the Asian Development Bank (ADB), Agence Française de Développement (AFD) and Kreditanstalt Fur Wiederaufbau (KfW).

– The $400 million credit is from the International Development Association (IDA) – the World Bank’s concessionary lending arm.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 December, 2020

3. CEO, Prasar Bharati elected Vice President of ABU

– Prasar Bharati has achieved another global milestone in broadcasting today with the CEO, Shashi Shekhar Vempati being elected as the Vice President of Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU), one of the largest broadcasting associations in the world.

– Shri Vempati has been elected to the office of the Vice President, ABU for three years with immediate effect.

– It is remarkable to note that almost all of the Public Broadcasters of the member countries in the Asia Pacific region strongly supported the candidature of  India’s Public Broadcaster which was forwarded by NHK Japan.

– The candidature of the nominee from China’s NRTA was unsuccessful, failing to garner support from any of the members, paving the way for CEO Prasar Bharati India’s election to the Vice Presidency of ABU.

About Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union

– The Asia Pacific Broadcasting Union was formed in 1964 as a professional association of broadcasting organisations with over 286 members in 57 countries and regions, reaching the potential population of about three billion people.

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4. National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5)- Data related to Women

– The first-phase data of the National Family Health Survey-5 (NFHS-5) 2019-20 has been released recently by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. It provided data on several issues related to women in India.

– National Family Health Survey is a large-scale, multi-round survey which is conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India.

– The Phase-I provides data for 22 states/UTs and the fieldwork in the remaining 14 (Phase-II) States/UTs is under progress.

– The survey have been conducted under the stewardship of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, with the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) Mumbai, serving as the nodal agency.

– In the past half-a-decade, the Total Fertility Rate across most Indian states declined more so among urban women. This means that the population of India is stabilizing.

– Sikkim recorded the lowest TFR, with one woman bearing 1.1 children on average; Bihar recorded the highest TFR of three children per woman.

– TFRs were found to be ‘below-replacement level (2.1)’, in 19 out of the 22 surveyed states.

– TFR indicates the average number of children expected to be born to a woman during her reproductive span of 15-49 years.

– In 13 of the 22 States/UTs, more than half of the children and women are anaemic. It has also been observed that anaemia among pregnant women has increased in half of the States/UTs compared to NFHS-4.

– Female sterilization continues to dominate as the modern method of contraception in states like Andhra Pradesh (98%), Telangana (93%), Kerala (88%), Karnataka (84%), Bihar (78%) and Maharashtra (77%).

– Overall Contraceptive Prevalence Rate (CPR) has increased substantially in most States/UTs and it is the highest in HP and WB (74%).

– There has been an increase in child marriages in Tripura (40.1% from 33.1% in 2015-16), Manipur (16.3% from 13.7% in 2015-16) and Assam (31.8% from 30.8 % in 2015-16).

– States like West Bengal (41.6%) and Bihar (40.8%) still have high prevalence of child marriages.

– States such as Tripura, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Nagaland have also shown an increase in teenage pregnancies.

– Karnataka witnessed the largest increase in spousal violence, from 20.6% in NFHS 4 to 44.4% in NFHS-5.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 15 December, 2020

5. S-400 deal

– The United States has imposed sanctions (Under CAATSA) on Turkey over Ankara’s acquisition of Russian S-400 air defence systems.

About S-400 air defence missile system

– The S-400 Triumf is a mobile, surface-to-air missile system (SAM) designed by Russia.

– It is the most dangerous operationally deployed modern long-range SAM (MLR SAM) in the world, considered much ahead of the US-developed Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system (THAAD).

– India’s acquisition is crucial to counter attacks in a two-front war, including even high-end F-35 US fighter aircraft.

– Countering America’s Adversaries through Sanctions Act (CAATSA)‘s core objective is to counter Iran, Russia and North Korea through punitive measures.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 14 December, 2020

6. 12th GRIHA Summit

– The inaugural session of the 12th Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA) Summit was organised virtually recently.

– The theme of 12th GRIHA Summit is “Rejuvenating Resilient Habits.

– Its objective is to serve as a platform to deliberate on innovative technologies and solutions which shall help in creating robust mechanisms for developing sustainable and resilient solutions for the benefit of the entire community.

– During the event, the Vice President of India launched the SHASHWAT magazine and the book ’30 Stories Beyond Buildings’

– About Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (GRIHA)

– It is the national rating system of India for any completed building construction.

– GRIHA is recognised as India’s own green building rating system in India’s Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

– It was conceived by The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) and developed jointly with the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 December, 2020

7. Himalayan Serow

– For the first time in the Himalayan cold desert region, a Himalayan Serow has been sighted in Spiti Himachal Pradesh.

– It resembles like a cross between a goat, a donkey, a cow, and a pig.

– It’s a medium-sized mammal with a large head, thick neck, short limbs, long, mule-like ears, and a coat of dark hair.

– There are several species of serows, and all of them are found in Asia.

– The Himalayan serow, or Capricornis sumatraensis thar, is restricted to the Himalayan region.

– Taxonomically, it is a subspecies of the mainland serow (Capricornis sumatraensis).

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Daily Important News will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Boston Centre for Excellence in Health and Human Development

– Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister for Health and Family Welfare digitally addressed the Boston Center of Excellence for Health and Human Development through Video Conference.

– Dr. Harsh Vardhan on COVID-19: “We are living in a phase of a Silent War”.

– Dr. Harsh Vardhan on Yoga and Ayurveda: “The Time has come for Modern Medicine and India’s Traditional System to go together with an Integrative Approach to impact our lives and much better Disease Outcomes “.

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2. Innovative Technology infusion for better implementation of Jal Jeevan Mission

– A multi-disciplinary Technical Committee in the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti has recommended five technologies specifically three technologies for drinking water and two technologies for sanitation as innovative technologies out of the ten technologies considered by it and these technologies would now be listed in the innovation portal of the Department.

– The Five technologies that have been recommended are:

i) Grundfos AQpure, a solar energy-based water treatment plant based on ultrafiltration

ii) Janajal Water on Wheel, an IoT based electric vehicle based on GPS location to enable the delivery of safe water to the doorstep of households

iii) Presto Online Chlorinator, a non-electricity dependent online chlorinator for disinfection of water for removal of bacterial contamination

iv) Johkasou technology – an inbuilt packaged black (sewage) and greywater (Kitchen and bath water) treatment system having an advanced anaerobic-aerobic configuration that can be installed underground

v) FBTec, a site assembled decentralised sewage treatment system using fixed filter media. The Committee has requested the other five applicants to carry out accreditation process/ pilots/ share field data before they can be reconsidered.

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3. 15th G20 Leaders’ Summit

– Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, participated in the 15th G20 Summit convened by Saudi Arabia in virtual format.

– The agenda of the second day of the G 20 summit focused a session on building an inclusive, sustainable and resilient future and a side event on safeguarding the planet.

– The Prime Minister in his speech underscored that for an inclusive, resilient and sustainable recovery in a Post COVID world, effective global governance is required and reformed multilateralism through improvement in character, governance and processes of multilateral institutions is the need of the hour.

– The Prime Minister further underscored the importance of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals aimed at ‘leaving no one behind’.

– He further said that India is following the same principle in the ‘Reform-Perform-Transform’ strategy to move forward and inclusive development efforts that are participative.

– It was decided that the G20 Presidency will be held by Indonesia in 2022, India in 2023 and Brazil in 2024.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 21 November, 2020

4. SIMBEX-20 in the Andaman Sea

– Indian Navy (IN) is scheduled to host the 27th edition of India – Singapore Bilateral Maritime Exercise SIMBEX-20 from 23 to 25 November 2020 in the Andaman Sea.

– The SIMBEX series of exercises between IN and Republic of Singapore Navy (RSN), being conducted annually since 1994.

– It aimed at enhancing mutual inter-operability and imbibing best practices from each other. The scope and complexity of these exercises have increased steadily over the past two decades to include advanced naval drills covering a wide spectrum of maritime operations.

– The 2020 edition of SIMBEX will witness participation by Indian Navy ships including destroyer Rana with integral Chetak helicopter and indigenously built corvettes Kamorta and Karmuk.

– In addition, IN submarine Sindhuraj and P8I maritime reconnaissance aircraft will also participate in the exercise.

– RSN will be represented by the ‘Formidable’ Class frigates ‘Intrepid’ and ‘Steadfast’ with integral S70B helicopter and ‘Endurance’ Class Landing Ship Tank ‘Endeavour’ in the exercise.

– The exercise, being conducted as a ‘non-contact, at sea only’ exercise in view of COVID-19 pandemic.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 20 November, 2020

5. Khadi Exhibition in Varanasi

– KVIC Inaugurates Khadi Exhibition in Varanasi.

– A range of exquisite Khadi products including the premium High Altitude Honey from Jammu & Kashmir, handcrafted silk, cotton and woollen clothes and herbal medicines have been put to display at the state level Khadi Exhibition in Varanasi organized by Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC).

– The exhibition was inaugurated today by KVIC Chairman Shri Vinai Kumar Saxena.

– Hundreds of empowered Khadi artisans from 8 States namely Uttar Pradesh, J&K, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand, Rajasthan and Punjab have set up 90 stalls in the exhibition. It is the second such event which is organized by KVIC since the Covid-19 lockdown.

– The exhibition will continue for 15 days, i.e. from November 22 to December 7. In October this year, the first Khadi exhibition after the lockdown was organized in Lucknow.

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6. Rural drinking water supply projects

– The Prime Minister, Shri Narendra Modi, laid the foundation stone of rural drinking water supply projects in Mirzapur and Sonbhadra districts of Vindhyachal region of Uttar Pradesh.

– It will provide household tap water connections in all rural households of 2,995 villages and will benefit about 42 lakh population of these districts.

– Village Water and Sanitation Committees/ Paani Samiti have been constituted in all these villages, who will shoulder the responsibility of operation and maintenance.

– The total estimated cost of the projects is Rs 5,555.38 Crore. The projects are planned to be completed in 24 months.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 19 November, 2020

7. APEC Virtual Meet

– A virtual meeting of the 21-member Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) forum was held.

– The meeting was hosted by Malaysia. Due to the pandemic, New Zealand will also host next year’s APEC meetings virtually.

– In the Asia-Pacific region, the growth is expected to decline by 2.7% this year, from a 3.6% growth in 2019. The focus of APEC’s was on accelerating economic recovery and developing an affordable vaccine.

– The main focus areas are Trade and investment, Digital Economy and Technology, Structural Reform, Economic and Technical Cooperation and Thematic and institutional matters.

– The Putrajaya Vision 2040 was adopted by the APEC leaders. It is a new 20-year growth vision to replace the Bogor Goals named after the Indonesian town where leaders agreed in 1994 to free and open trade and investment.

– The Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) agenda and the APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap (AIDER) were discussed.

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IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 60, 21 November



Daily Important News will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. 15th G20 Leaders’ Summit

– At the invitation of His Majesty King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will be attending the 15th G20 Summit.

– It will be chaired by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, under the theme “Realising the Opportunities of 21st Century for All” on 21-22 November 2020. The meeting will be held in a virtual format.

– The focus of the upcoming G20 Summit will be on an inclusive, resilient, and sustainable recovery from the COVID-19.

– During the G 20 Summit, the leaders will discuss pandemic preparedness and the ways and means to restore jobs. The leaders will also share their vision for building an inclusive, sustainable, and resilient future.

– India will enter the G20 Troika, along with Saudi Arabia when Italy will take over the Presidency of the G-20 on 1st December, 2020.

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2. India-Luxembourg Virtual Summit

– The Prime Minister of India, H.E. Shri Narendra Modi, and the Prime Minister of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, H.E. Mr. Xavier Bettel, held the first-ever India-Luxembourg Virtual Summit on 19 November 2020.

– The two Prime Ministers underlined the excellent relations between India and Luxembourg based on shared principles and values of democracy, freedom, rule of law, and respect for human rights.

– The two leaders acknowledged the growing convergences between India and Luxembourg on global issues of mutual interest.

– Both Prime Ministers welcomed the signing of a cooperation agreement between Invest India and Luxinnovation to support and develop mutual business cooperation between Indian and Luxembourg companies.

– They also noted that Luxembourg companies were taking a growing interest in India’s various initiatives related to the environment, clean energy and sustainable technologies, including the Clean Ganga Mission.

– The leaders looked forward to the 17th Joint Economic Commission between India and the Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union to review the economic and trade relations.

– They also further look at finance. Space and Digital Cooperation, Higher education and research, Culture and people-to-people ties, EU-India relations, COVID-19 pandemic, Multilateral cooperation, etc.

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3. Centre stage of international Energy Affairs

Executive Director of International Energy Agency (IEA), Mr. Fatih Birol said that India has moved to the Centre stage of international Energy Affairs and is a role model for other major emerging economies.

– Speaking at a virtual launch of the Energy Technology Perspectives 2020, a new study of IEA. It focusses on the technology needs and opportunities for reaching international climate and sustainable energy goals.

– Mr. Birol praised the Indian government for its efforts in providing clean energy to millions by way of schemes like Ujjawala and Ujala.

– India’s actions on renewable energy the Environment Minister said that India’s renewable energy now stands at 89 GW. It has increased by 170 % in the last 6 years which is a significant increase.

– “Our Hon’ble PM Shri Narendra Modi has declared 175 GW of renewable power by 2022 and our aspirational goal stands at 450 GW of renewable energy.”, said Shri Javadekar

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 19 November, 2020

4. The Republican Ethic

– Raksha Mantri Shri Rajnath Singh released the third volume of the Selected Speeches of President Shri Ram Nath Kovind titled – ‘लोकतन्त्र के स्वर’ and ‘The Republican Ethic’ in New Delhi.

– It was held in the presence of the Union Minister for Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Information and Broadcasting and Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Shri Prakash Javadekar and other dignitaries.

– Speaking on the occasion, Shri Rajnath Singh said that this compilation of speeches of President Shri Ram Nath Kovind presents a comprehensive picture of his work, personality and values.

– The ‘लोकतन्त्र के स्वर’ and ‘The Republican Ethic’, published by the Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India, are series of books of collection of selected speeches of the President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind in Hindi and English respectively.

– The third volume contains 57 selected speeches of the President delivered during the third year of his presidency.

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5.  Land Management System (LMS)

– As part of efforts to improve the overall management of defence land, for the first time, a Land Management System (LMS) has been developed by Department of Defence in conjunction with DGDE and Armed forces.

– The portal was formally launched by Shri Rajnath Singh, Hon’ble Raksha Mantri in presence of officials from Indian Army, DGDE and Department of Defence.

– The Intranet portal shall digitize all requests of defence land management received by the Department in future.

– All data for cases since 2016 have already been captured and are available in the portal. Progressively, data of prior period will also be entered in the portal which is meant only for departmental use and it is not open for the public.

– The portal is expected to bring in greater speed, transparency and efficiency into the Land Management System (LMS) of the Department.

– With the integration of GIS-based tool, it will improve the decision-making process by removing duplication/unnecessary communication between various stakeholder groups involved in the decision-making process.

– The technical support for this GIS-based system has been provided by BISAG, India’s premier organization in GIS-based informatics.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 18 November, 2020

6. 3rd Naturopathy Day

– 3rd Naturopathy Day is observed on 18 November, 2020 with a theme of Nurturing Vitality Through Naturopathy”.

– It was organized at the Nisargopchar ashram in Urli Kanchan in collaboration with National Institute of Naturopathy in Pune.

As per PIB, the highlights of the programme are as follows:

– Awareness session on Covid -19 and related safety precautions in day to day life.

– Live demonstration of the right techniques of hand washing, wearing masks, steam inhalation, jala neti and preparation of herbal decoctions.

– Practical yoga session on asanas, pranayamas and meditation.

– Session on naturopathy for vitality

– Session on a naturopathic diet to improve immunity and health

– Session on various naturopathy treatments during COVID-19 pandemic

– Distribution of kadha and naturopathic lunch for all the participants.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 17 November, 2020

7. Meghalaya Integrated Transport Project (MITP)

– The Government of India, the Government of Meghalaya and the World Bank signed a $120 million project to improve and modernise the transport sector of the state of Meghalaya.

– This will help Meghalaya to harness its vast growth potential for high-value agriculture and tourism.

– The project will improve about 300 km of strategic road segments and stand-alone bridges by using innovative, climate-resilient, and nature-based solutions.

– It will also support innovative solutions such as precast bridges to reduce both time and cost of construction.

– The loan agreement was signed by Dr. C S Mohapatra on behalf of the Government of India and MrHideki Mori, Operations Manager (India), World Bank on behalf of the World Bank.

– This operation will also support the state government’s “Restart Meghalaya Mission” to revive and boost development activities affected due to COVID-19 pandemic. It will help restore transport services and generate direct employment of about 8 million person-days.

– The $120 million loans from the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) has a maturity of 14 years including a grace period of 6 years.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 November, 2020

8. Launch of RuPay card Phase-II

– A Virtual Ceremony for the joint launch of RuPay card Phase-II by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Bhutan Lyonchhen Dr. Lotay Tshering will be held on 20 November 2020.

– The Prime Ministers of India and Bhutan had jointly launched Phase-I of the project during the State Visit of Prime Minister to Bhutan in August 2019.

– The implementation of Phase-I of RuPay cards in Bhutan has enabled visitors from India to access ATMs and Point of Sale (PoS) terminals across Bhutan.

– Phase-II will now allow Bhutanese cardholders to access RuPay network in India.

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IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 58, 19 November

Daily Important News will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Army to begin recruitment rally

– Army recruitment rally under Unit Headquarters Quota will be held at AOC Centre, Secunderabad from 18 January 2021 to 28 February 2021 for enrolment of Soldier Tech (AE), Soldier General Duty, Soldier Tradesmen, Outstanding Sportsmen (Open Category).

– For sports trial, outstanding Sportsmen (Open Category) are required to report at Thapar Stadium, AOC Centre Secunderabad on 15 January 2021.

– Outstanding sportsmen who have represented in the field of Boxing, Football, Volleyball, Basketball, Handball, Hockey, Swimming, Wrestling, Athletics and Kabbadi can participate along with their certificates of National or International competitions either at a senior or junior level.

– The certificate should not be more than two years old on the date of screening.

– The qualifying age bracket for the Soldier GD category is 17 ½ to 21 Yrs. The qualifying age bracket for Soldier Tech (AT), Sol Clk/SKT & Sol Tdn categories is 17 ½ to 23 Yrs.

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2. Aatma Nirbhar Bharat 3.0 Stimulus

Union Finance Minister Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman has announced 12 key measures, as part of Government of India’s stimulus to the economy, under Aatma Nirbhar Bharat 3.0.

– The net stimulus announced amounts to ₹ 2.65 Lakh crore.

– She told that the total stimulus announced by the Government and Reserve Bank of India till date, to help the nation tide over the COVID-19 pandemic, works out to ₹ 29.87 lakh crore, which is 15% of national GDP. Out of this, a stimulus worth 9% of GDP has been provided by the government.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 12 November, 2020

3. Statue of Swami Vivekananda

– Prime Minister Narendra Modi unveiled a statue of Swami Vivekananda in JNU Campus, New Delhi through video conferencing.

– While addressing the JNU students and the youth of the country, PM expressed his views on the harms of prioritizing ideology over national interest.

– Prime Minister Modi stressed that in this solidarity, no one had to compromise on ideology. There was only one purpose – national interest.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 11 November, 2020

4. Orix Wind SPVs

– The Competition Commission of India (CCI) approves the acquisition of (i) Orix Wind SPVs by Greenko Energy Holdings (GEH) from ORIX Corporation (Orix) and (ii) equity stake in GEH by Orix under Section 31(1) of the Competition Act, 2002.

– GEH is the holding company of the Greenko group of companies. The principal business activity of Indian subsidiaries of GEH is owning, developing, constructing and maintaining power generation projects.

About ORIX

Orix is the holding company of the Orix group of companies.

It offers a wide variety of services like corporate financial services (financing, leasing, and solutions for small and medium-size enterprises), maintenance leasing (automobile leasing, rental and car-sharing and IT-related equipment rentals and leasing), real estate, private equity investments, life insurance, banking and credit, asset management, environment and energy services (including power generation).

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 10 November, 2020

5. New interface between science and society

– A webinar was organised on the occasion of World Science Day in which Secretary, Department of Science and Technology (DST), Professor Ashutosh Sharma highlighted that a policy on Scientific Social Responsibility (SSR) would be in place in the next few months to create new interfaces between science and society.

– Professor Sharma told about the importance of equity and diversity in science and technology. He also mentioned about the ten different programmes that are run by the DST including CURIE (Consolidation of University Research for Innovation & Excellence in Women Universities) and Vigyan Jyoti to create a level-playing field for women to encourage and help them make inroads into the field of science, technology and innovation.

– On 10 November, World Science Day is celebrated and the theme of this year is “Science for and with Society”.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 9 November, 2020

6. Competition Commission of India (CCI)

– CCI approves transfer of 100% shareholding of Sinochem Group Company Limited (Sinochem) and China National Chemical Corporation Limited (ChemChina) to a new company wholly owned by China State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration (Central SASAC) under Section 31(1) of the Competition Act, 2002.

– Sinochem is engaged in a wide variety of businesses globally and is headquartered in China.

In India, Sinochem is directly or indirectly, primarily engaged in the following businesses:

1 Sale of Crude Oil

  1. Sale of Natural Rubber and Rubber antioxidants
  2. Sale of a variety of chemicals including agrochemicals like sale of insecticides, herbicides, fungicide, etc.
  3. Sale of pharma and health products.

– ChemChina is engaged in a wide variety of businesses globally and is headquartered in China.

– In India, ChemChina is mainly engaged in the following businesses:

  1. Sale of chemical products (including methionine, carbon and silicon products)
  2. Sale of passenger car tires, bus and truck tires
  3. Sale of chemical equipment and
  4. Sale of solar PV modules.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 54, 10 November

Adda247 Launching – Aarambh IAS On 5th November 2020 Only on UPSC/State PSC Adda247 Channel Click Here  



Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Indian Genome Sequences

– Results from the computation analysis of the 1029 sequenced genomes from India recently published within the scientific journal, Nucleic Acid Research.

– Research by Indian scientists has suggested that thirty-two percent of genetic variations in Indian genome sequences are unique as compared to global genomes.

– The research had been carried out by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)-Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi and CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad.

What is genetic variant or variation?

– It is used to refer to a specific region of the genome which differs from another genome.

– In India genome dataset, the computational analysis led to the identification of 55,898,122 single nucleotide variants. When comparisons of the genome datasets had been done at global level then it reveals that 18,016,257 (32.23 per cent) variants were unique and found only in the samples sequenced from India.

– As part of the IndiGen Program of CSIR, the research was carried out. In April 2019, the programme was begun to fill the gap of whole genome sequences from different populations within the country.

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2. Electricity Access & Utility Benchmarking Report

– NITI Aayog, Ministry of Power, Rockefeller Foundation, and Smart Power India launched the ‘Electricity Access in India and Benchmarking Distribution Utilities’.

– The report assesses 25 distribution utilities which are based on a primary survey that was conducted across 10 states––representing about 65% of the total rural population of India and with a sample size of more than 25,000, including households, commercial enterprises and institutions.

– Benchmark utilities’ capacity to provide electricity access and identify the drivers of sustainable access. Also, develop recommendations for enhancing sustainable electricity access.

Key findings of the report:

– About 92% of customers reported the general or overall availability of electricity infrastructure within 50 metres of their premises. However, not all have connections, the first reason being the distance of households from the nearest pole.

– 87% of the overall surveyed customers have access to grid-based electricity. The remaining 13% either use non-grid sources or don’t use any electricity at all.

– The hours of supply have improved significantly across the customer categories to just about 17 hours per day.

– About 85% of customers reported to have a metered electricity connection.

– Access to electricity is observed in 83% of household customers.

– A satisfaction index was created to assess the general satisfaction level of customers with utility services. As per the study, a total of 66% of those surveyed were satisfied, 74% of customers in urban areas and 60% in rural areas.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 28 October, 2020

3. Dr. Tulsi Das Chugh Award-2020

The Orations & Awards Committee of the National Academy of Medical Sciences (India), has selected Dr Satish Mishra, Principal Scientist, Division of Molecular Parasitology and Immunology, CSIR-CDRI, Lucknow for “Dr.Tulsi Das Chugh Award 2020″.

– The award is given in recognition of his research work on Malaria parasite’s life cycle which may be a complex process involving two hosts and three invasive stages. Invasion in both mammals and mosquitoes requires a coordinated sequence of events to be played out successfully.

– His outstanding work focused on “Secreted Protein with Altered Thrombospondin Repeat (SPATR) which is Essential for Asexual Blood Stages but not Required for Hepatocyte Invasion by the Malaria Parasite Plasmodium Berghei”.

– This study focuses on the dispensability of SPATR in P. berghei sporozoites and its importance for the establishment of blood stage infection, further investigation is needed to unravel its precise role during this process.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 27 October, 2020

4. 19th Meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO)

– India hosted the 19th Meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) Ministers responsible for Foreign Economy and Foreign Trade Activities.

– The virtual meeting was attended by the Secretary General of SCO and Ministers from,  Kyrgyz Republic, Kazakhstan,  Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan.

Four documents in the meeting were adopted. These were:-

– Statement on the response to Covid-19.  It reinforces the necessity for greater cooperation for access to medicines and facilitation of trade.

– Statement on the Multilateral Trading System of Ministers of SCO Countries who are WTO Members.  It highlights the importance of the rules based multilateral negotiations.

– Statement on SCO Cooperation on Intellectual Property Rights (IPR).  It relates to cooperation of intellectual property and include sharing information/experience on legislation and enforcement, cooperation in international organisations and other areas.

– Action Plan for Implementation of MOU to stimulate cooperation within the framework of SCO within the field of MSMEs.  It looks at  number of areas of cooperation among MSMEs, including exchange of information, organisation of events and collaboration on research and capacity building.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 26 October, 2020

5. Yellow Dust

– Recently, Korean Central Television (KCTV) warned that a cloud of yellow dust would blow in from China.

– As per North Korean authorities have warned that this dust could bring Covid-19 with it.

About Yellow Dust

– Actually, it’s sand from deserts in China and Mongolia that high speed surface winds carry into both North and South Korea during specific periods every year.

– The sand particles tend to mix with other toxic substances like industrial pollutants, as a result of which the ‘yellow dust’ is known to cause various respiratory ailments.

What is Genetic Engineering: GS Paper 3, UPSC IAS Mains 2020

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 46, 28 October



Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Third India-US 2+2 dialogue

– India and the US have met the third edition of the 2+2 dialogue.  Both the countries have inked defence pact, Basic Exchange and Cooperation Agreement for Geo-Spatial Cooperation (BECA).

– It aims towards the expansion of geospatial information sharing between armed forces of the two countries. These militaries came in the backdrop of India’s tense border standoff with China in eastern Ladakh.

– As per the 2+2 dialogue, both the countries talk about the critical issues including ways to further expand the already close relationship between the militaries of the two countries along with broader issues of mutual interest in the Indo-Pacific region.

– Under this dialogue, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and National Aeronautics and Space Administration agreed for the collaboration that includes the NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR) satellite which is scheduled to be launched by 2022.

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2. Agreement between India Post and United States Postal Service (USPS)

– India Post and United States Postal Service (USPS) have inked an agreement for the electronic exchange of customs data related to postal shipments exchanged between the two countries.

– The agreement aims to facilitate ‘ease of exports’ for small and large exporters through postal channels.

– This agreement will be very helpful to transmit and receive electronic data of international postal items prior to their physical arrival at the destination and would enable customs clearance of postal items in advance in line with the evolving global postal framework. This will also encourage the performance of postal services in terms of reliability, visibility and security.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 27 October, 2020

3. India-Australia Circular Economy Hackathon

– Atal Innovation Mission and Australia’s Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) will organise a two-day hackathon on circular economy called ‘India-Australia Circular Economy Hackathon (I-ACE)’, in December 2020.

– The idea of I-ACE was conceived during a virtual summit on 4th June, 2020, between the Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Australian counterpart. It aims to explore innovative ways to boost the circular economy in India and Australia. It also concentrates on the identification and development of innovative technology solutions by students, startups and MSMEs of both nations.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 26 October, 2020

4. Sudan and Israel Relationship

– Sudan, an African nation was technically at war with Israel since its foundation in 1948, has now become the third country to forge diplomatic relations with it. This happened so because a deal brokered by the USA with Sudan.

– Earlier, the USA brokered diplomatic pacts between Israel and the UAE and Bahrain as well, to normalise their relations. The deal would deepen Sudan’s engagement with the West.

– The deal follows USA’s conditional agreement to remove Sudan from its blacklist of countries accused of sponsoring terrorism.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 24 October, 2020

5. The PLACID Trial

– The PLACID Trial was conducted by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and is the first and largest randomised control trial to be completed in the world. The aim behind the research was to investigate CPT’s effectiveness for the treatment of Covid-19. It is the first and largest randomised control trial to be completed in the world.

– A multicentre randomized controlled trial which is called as PLACID Trial has shown that the use of convalescent plasma (CP) as a therapeutic for Covid-19 patients showed no positive effects and did not improve the outcome of the patients.

– The randomised controlled trial (RCT) is a trial in which subjects are randomly assigned to one of two groups: one (the experimental group) receiving the intervention that is being tested, and the other (the comparison group or control) receiving an alternative (conventional) treatment.

IAS Prelims Mock-Test 2020 – Set 45, 27 October

UPSC Prelims Syllabus 2021: General Studies and CSAT for CSE


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