Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 26 September, 2020

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. The brightest jets in the universe

– The short term optical flux stability detected in some of the brightest jets within the universe that could provide clues to the processes close to black holes.

– Blazars are one among the foremost luminous and energetic objects within the universe powered by material falling onto a supermassive black hole at the center of the host galaxy. Their luminosity is due to their jet composed of ionized matter travelling at nearly the speed of light towards an observer that is the Earth.

– Six scientists spanning over three countries namely India, Serbia, and therefore the  USA studied some of the brightest blazers called TeV (Tera-electron Volt) blazars.

– Scientists found that they stand out as a semblance of stability of brightness among the blazar family within the short duration. Also, their brightness varies in the long duration; they maintain their brightness levels in short duration.

– Blazars are among one of the most favourite astronomical transient objects, and their study could provide clues to the processes happening close to the black hole, not visible through direct imaging.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 25 September, 2020

2. SAARC and CICA Meetings

– The Foreign Ministers’ meetings of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and the Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (CICA) took place recently in a virtual manner.

– India called the SAARC countries to collectively resolve to defeat the scourge of terrorism, including the forces that nurture, support and encourage an environment of terror and conflict.

– This was a clear criticism of Pakistan who has been involved in cross border terrorism. And Pakistan also made a detailed statement on the resolution of “long-standing disputes”, a veiled reference to Jammu and Kashmir and India’s move to withdraw Article 370.

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3. Lok Adalat

– In Odisha’s Kandhamal district, a daily wager has moved the Lok Adalat against Prime Minister Narendra Modi after he allegedly failed to get an Aadhaar card registered in his name despite 21 attempts.

– He took this step for redressal of his grievance as he ran out of patience after applying and getting photographed multiple times at different places for the elusive card.

– Lok Adalat is one among the alternative dispute redressal mechanisms. It’s a forum where disputes or cases pending within the court of law or at pre-litigation stage are settled or compromised amicably.

– They are formed to fulfil the promise given by the preamble of the Indian Constitution for securing Justice – social, economic and political of every citizen of the country.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 24 September, 2020

4. Transfer of Pinaka Weapon System

– On 25 September 2020, a crucial milestone was achieved when Authority Holding Sealed Particulars (AHSP) responsibility of Pinaka weapon system that was handed over by DRDO to DGQA.

– AHSP transfer marks the successful establishment of production of Pinaka rockets, Launchers, Battery Command Posts, Loader Cum Replenishment and Replenishment Vehicles as well as the successful establishment of Quality Assurance processes.

– Pinaka is a free flight artillery rocket system having a range of 37.5 km. Pinaka rockets are launched from a multi-barrel rocket launcher which has the capability to launch a salvo of 12 rockets in 44 seconds.

– In Pune based DRDO lab, the weapon system is designed and developed by Armament Research & Development Establishment (ARDE) in association with HEMRL, VRDE and CAIR.

– Pinaka rockets and its ground systems are currently under bulk production at Ordnance Factories, BEML, BEL, Tata Power and L&T Defence.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 23 September, 2020

5. Graphene

– Scientists of JNCASR of DST develop a new low-cost method of upscaling most conductive material ‘graphene’ while preserving its single layered properties.

– Graphene, the one-atom-thick sheet of carbon atoms, which may be a boon for energy storage, coatings, sensors as well as superconductivity. It is difficult to produce while retaining its single layered properties.

– It is going to reduce the cost of producing this thinnest, strongest and most conductive material within the world.

– Researchers from Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) an autonomous institute under the Department of Science & Technology, Government of India through their recent research work have upscaled graphene production while retaining its thin layered properties.

– In the research by Nikita Gupta (Ph.D. student, JNCASR) and Prof. G.U. Kulkarni (corresponding author ) published in the ‘Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters’, the scientists have also defined a formula to quantify how much single layer like behaviour exists in such a system.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 22 September, 2020

6. Documents released by RBI on UCBs’ cybersecurity

– Recently, the ‘Technology Vision for Cyber Security for Urban Co-operative Banks (UCBs) 2020-2023’ was released by RBI.

– It’s been formalised based on inputs from various stakeholders and seeks to reinforce cybersecurity of urban co-operative banks (UCBs).

– Through a five-pillared strategic approach GUARD, RBI plans to achieve its objective.

1. Governance Oversight.

2. Utile Technology Investment.

3. Appropriate Regulation and Supervision.

4. Robust Collaboration.

5. Developing necessary IT, cybersecurity skill sets.

7. RAISE Summit 2020

– RAISE Summit 2020 will be held in October.

– The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and NITI Aayog will conduct it.

– RAISE 2020- ‘Responsible AI for Social Empowerment 2020.’

– The global meeting of minds will exchange ideas and chart a course for using AI for social transformation, inclusion and empowerment in areas including healthcare, agriculture, education, smart mobility and other sectors.

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