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Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 21 September, 2020

Daily news will speed up the preparation for the Civil Services Examination and it also plays a crucial role to grasp the current affairs topic comprehensively. Here we have covered most of the topics related to various categories including National, International, Sports, Science and Technology, and so on.

1. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on rural healthcare

– “Public Health and Hospitals” being a State subject the first responsibility of implementation of varied health care schemes including National Health Mission lies with respective States.

– All the States/ UTs are given necessary financial support under India COVID-19 Emergency Response and Health System Preparedness Package, with the flexibility to use the resources supported on their context and priorities.

– During FY 2020-21, funds of Rs 4256.81 crore are released to the States/ UTs as on 10.09.2020.

– To deal with the healthcare challenges, particularly in rural areas, the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM) was launched in 2005 to supplement the efforts of the State/UT governments to supply accessible, affordable and quality healthcare to all or any those that access public health facilities. Currently, NRHM is a sub-mission of National Health Mission (NHM).

– States have also been allowed to supply negotiable salaries draw in Specialists including flexibility in strategies such as ”You quote, we pay”.

– The States aso are encouraged to adopt flexible norms for engaging specialists for public health facilities. These include ‘contracting in’ and ‘contracting out’ of specialist services and engaging specialists outside the government system for service delivery at public facilities under NHM.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 18 September, 2020

2. Action in Advance for Management of Air Pollution

– Principal Secretary to Prime Minister Dr. P. K. Mishra chaired the meeting of the High-Level Taskforce constituted to improve the air quality in National Capital Region of Delhi.

– Chief Secretaries of Delhi, Punjab, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, Secretaries of various department/ministries of the central government including M/o of Environment, Forest & Climate Change, Agriculture, Road, Petroleum and Central Pollution Control Board were present in the meeting.

– A review of the main sources of air pollution, measures taken and the progress made by the State Governments and several Ministries was carried out. It was noted that the incidence of stubble burning has reduced by more than 50% in the last two years and the number of Good AQI days have gone up.

– Government of GNCT-Delhi was requested to make sure measures to control local sources of pollution.

– Principal Secretary mentioned that special emphasis should be laid on the deployment of teams for control of open burning of waste, IT-enabled monitoring of mechanical road sweepers, improvement in utilization of construction & demolition waste and site-specific implementation of an action plan for identified hot spots.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 17 September, 2020

3. Prime Minister to lay Foundation Stone of nine highway projects

– Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi will lay the foundation stone of nine highway projects in Bihar through video conference on Monday, 21st September 2020.

– He shall also inaugurate the Optical Fibre internet services where all the 45,945 villages of Bihar are going to be connected through Optical Fibre Internet Service.

– These nine highway projects involve a road length of about 350 kilometers at a price of Rs 14,258 Crore.

– Paving the way for the development of Bihar, these roads will enhance better connectivity, convenience and economic growth in and around the State. Movement of individuals, people and goods will also improve substantially, especially with the neighbouring States of Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand.

– The Prime Minister had declared a special package for significant infrastructure development of Bihar within the year 2015. This included 75 projects worth Rs 54,700 crore, of which 13 projects are completed, work is undergoing at 38 and others are in the DPR/Bidding/Sanction stage.

– With the completion of these projects, all rivers in Bihar will have bridges conforming to 21st-century specifications, and all major NHs will stand widened and strengthened.

– Under the PM’s package, total number of bridges over river Ganga are going to be 17, with a lane capacity of 62. This way, on an average, there’ll be a bridge over rivers within the State at every 25 KMs.

Daily Gist of ‘The Hindu’, ‘PIB’, ‘Indian Express’ and Other Newspapers: 16 September, 2020

4. HIV/AIDS Patients in India

– As per the latest HIV estimates report (2019) of the Government, India is estimated to have around 23.49 lakh people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in 2019.

– The HIV epidemic has an overall decreasing trend in the country with estimated annual New HIV infections declining by 37% between 2010 and 2019.

– HIV infection in India is mainly caused by engagement in high-risk behaviours.

– The main high-risk behaviours identified for HIV infection in India includes unprotected heterosexual behaviour, unprotected homosexual behaviour, and unsafe injecting drug use behaviour.

– Under the National AIDS Control Programme (NACP) of the Government, as on July 2020, there are 570 Anti-retroviral treatment (ART) Centers and 1264 Link ART Centers.

5. India’s first CRISPR Covid-19 test

– The Tata CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) test, powered by CSIR-IGIB (Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology) FELUDA, received regulatory approvals from the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI) for commercial launch, as per ICMR guidelines, meeting high-quality benchmarks with 96% sensitivity and 98% specificity for detecting the novel coronavirus.

– This test uses an indigenously developed, cutting-edge CRISPR technology for detection of the genomic sequence of SARS-CoV-2 virus. CRISPR is a genome-editing technology to diagnosing diseases.

– The CRISPR test of Tata is the world’s first diagnostic test to deploy a specially adapted Cas9 protein to successfully detect the virus causing Covid-19.

– It is an important achievement for the Indian scientific community, moving from R&D to a high-accuracy, scalable and reliable test in less than 100 days.

– The Tata CRISPR test achieves accuracy levels of traditional RT-PCR tests, with quicker turnaround time, less expensive equipment, and better ease of use. Moreover, CRISPR is a futuristic technology that can also be configured for detection of multiple other pathogens in the future.

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