BPSC Syllabus 2020: Detailed BPSC Syllabus & Exam Pattern

The BPSC Syllabus is set by the Bihar Public Service Commission. BPSC is responsible for carrying out recruitment to multiple posts such as Sub Divisional Officer, Rural Development Officer, District Sanapark Officer, etc. BPSC select meritorious candidates for appointment into the civil service jobs in the Indian state of Bihar according to their merit.

BPSC Syllabus: BPSC Exam Pattern

The direct recruitment of the candidates is made mainly by way of conducting the competitive examination in which the selection is done on the basis of the following procedures. The candidates have to clear every stage of examination to be appointed as a civil servant of Bihar.

  1. Prelims: One objective type paper for 150 marks.
  2. Mains: Four descriptive papers
  3. Interview: 120 marks
Stage of BPSC Exam Type of Exam Mode Total Marks Duration
Prelims Objective Offline 150 2 Hours
Mains Subjective Offline 900 ( 3 Papers of 300 marks each) 3 Hours for each Paper
Personal Interview Physically Present Offline 120 Not Defined

A candidate has to clear one stage in order to be eligible for the subsequent stage, i.e, if he/she clears the prelims, he/she moves onto the mains, clearing which he/she would be summoned for the final stage (interview) of the BPSC Exam 2020. The Bihar PSC exam is modeled loosely on the IAS Exam which is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.

BPSC Syllabus: BPSC Prelims Exam Pattern

BPSC Prelims Exam Pattern
Name of Exam Combined Competitive Exam
Conducting Body Bihar Public Service Commission ( BPSC )
No of Papers 1 – General Studies (150 marks)
Duration 2 hours
BPSC Syllabus
  1. General Science
  2. Events of national and international importance
  3. History of Bihar and Indian History
  4. Geography(mainly Geography of Bihar)
  5. Indian Polity and Economy
  6. Changes in the economy of Bihar post-independence
  7. Indian National Movement and the Role of Bihar
  8. General Mental Ability.

BPSC Syllabus Marking Scheme

  1. Marks of BPSC Prelims Paper be considered for qualifying candidates for the mains exam.
  2. Prelims have negative marking for all the incorrect answers.
  3. There will be no negative marking for unattended questions.
  4. There is a negative marking of 1/3 of the marks allocated to the question for every wrong answer.
  5. BPSC Prelims is screening in nature.
  6. All the questions are set in English and Hindi except for those questions which are meant to test the candidate’s knowledge of English.

BPSC Syllabus: BPSC Prelims Syllabus

This is the first stage of the BPSC Exam. The topics covered under BPSC Prelims are given as below.

General Science Events of national and international importance History of Bihar and Indian History
Geography(mainly Geography of Bihar) Indian Polity and Economy Changes in the economy of Bihar post-independence
Indian National Movement General Mental Ability. Role of Bihar in Indian Nationalist Movement

Here is a detailed syllabus of the BPSC Prelims Exam

  1. General Science (General understanding of science, including matters of everyday observation and experience). The questions on Science and Tech will be such that they do not require subject specialization.
  2. Current Affairs of National/International importance
  3. History of India and Bihar: General understanding of the subject with the broad aspects of the history of Bihar.
  4. Geography of India and Bihar: Questions will relate to the physical, social and economic geography of the country including the main features of Indian agricultural and natural resources
  5. General geography and geographical division of Bihar and its major river systems
  6. Indian polity: Questions will test knowledge on the country’s political system, Panchayati Raj, community development and planning in India and Bihar
  7. Indian economy and economy of Bihar post-independence
  8. Indian Movements and Contribution of Bihar in it: Question will relate to the nature and character of the nineteenth-century resurgence, growth of nationalism and attainment of Independence with special reference to Bihar
  9. Under the Indian Economy and Polity, the questions will cover the following topics:
    1. Indian Political System
    2. Panchayati Raj
    3. Community Development
    4. Planning in India and Bihar
  10. Under the Indian National Movement, candidates have to focus on the resurgence in the 19th century, nature and growth of nationalism in India, and India’s independence. Also, the role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement is important from the BPSC exam point of view
  11. Questions based on General Mental Ability

BPSC Syllabus: BPSC Mains Exam Pattern

Here the BPSC Mains Exam Pattern is given below.

Stage of Exam Paper Total Marks Duration
Main Exam (Subjective) General Hindi (Qualifying) 100 3 Hours
General Studies Paper 1 300 3 Hours
General Studies Paper 2 300 3 Hours
Optional Paper 300 3 Hours

BPSC Syllabus: Mains Marking Scheme

  1. Questions of General Studies are available in Hindi and English both.
  2. The score will be arrived at by considering the total of 900 marks in GS Paper 1, GS Paper 2 and Optional Paper.
  3. The candidates who are placed suitably in the merit are called for the interview.
  4. There is no negative marking in the descriptive question papers.
  5. Candidates need to attempt all the papers to qualify for the Interview round.
  6. This round is both scoring and qualifying in nature.

BPSC Syllabus: BPSC Mains Syllabus

The Bihar PSC Mains Syllabus is given below in detail.

Qualifying Paper: General Hindi

The paper of General Hindi is qualifying in nature. The syllabus this Paper is of the level as that of the Bihar School Education Board (BSEB). The paper is of 100 marks and subjective in nature, and the marks distribution is given below:

  1. Essay: 30 Marks
  2. Grammar: 30 Marks
  3. Syntax: 25 Marks
  4. Summarisation: 15 Marks

Out of the 100 marks, candidates are required to secure the qualifying marks in the paper. For this qualifying paper, a good book of school standard is enough.

General Studies Paper

The marks secured in the BPSC Prelims Exam and General Hindi paper are not included in the merit lists. The actual BPSC exam starts now with the General Studies Papers and the Optional Paper. There are two Papers for the General Studies and one for the Optional. Each Paper carries 300 marks making the total marks from all these papers to be 900.

General Studies 1 General Studies 2
  1. Indian Culture
  2. Modern History of India
  3. Contemporary events of national and international importance
  4. Statistical Analysis, diagrams and graphs
  1. Indian (and Bihar) Polity
  2. Indian (and Bihar) Economy
  3. Indian (and Bihar) Geography
  4. Role and impact of Science and Technology in the development of India (and Bihar)

Below is the detailed syllabus for the GS Papers and the Optional Paper:

Syllabus of GS Paper 1

  1. Modern History of India and Indian culture: History of the country with special reference to Bihar in the middle of the nineteenth century, the introduction and expansion of western and technical education, Bihar’s role in the Indian freedom struggle, the Santhal Uprising in Bihar, Birsa movement, Champaran Satyagrah, the Quit India Movement, chief features of Mauryan and Pal art, Patna Qulam painting, Roles of Gandhi, Tagore, and Nehru
  2. Current events of national and international importance
  3. Role of Bihar in the Indian National Movement
    • Santhal uprising
    • 1857 war of independence
    • Champaran Satyagraha
    • Quit India Movement 1942
  4. Mauryan and Pala Art/Pala Sena Art
  5. Patna Kalam Paintings
  6. Statistical analysis, graphs, and diagrams: Questions to test the ability to draw conclusions from statistical, graphical or diagrammatical information and to point out deficiencies, limitations or inconsistencies.

Syllabus for GS Paper 2

  1. Indian Polity: Questions based on the political system in India including Bihar.
  2. Indian economy and Geography of India: Questions on planning in India and the physical, economic and social geography of India and Bihar.
  3. The role and impact of science and technology in the development of India: Questions to test awareness of the role and impact of science and technology in India and Bihar with special reference to applied science.

Optional Subjects For BPSC Mains Exam

In BPSC Mains, candidates have to select one optional subject out of 34 subjects. There will be only one optional subject exam for 300 marks and the questions will be of Honours Level (3-year course in Patna University). The choices are given below and the syllabus for optional subjects can be viewed in the BPSC Syllabus PDF.

  1. English Language and Literature
  2. Urdu Language and Literature
  3. Hindi Language and Literature
  4. Persian Language and Literature
  5. Arabic Language and Literature
  6. Pali Language and Literature
  7. Maithili Language and Literature
  8. Bangla Language and Literature
  9. Sanskrit Language and Literature
  10. Chemistry
  11. Sociology
  12. Physics
  13. Agriculture
  14. Statistics
  15. Botany
  16. Zoology
  17. Philosophy
  18. Political Science and International Relations
  19. Psychology
  20. Public Administration
  21. Labour and Social Welfare
  22. Management
  23. Mathematics
  24. Mechanical Engineering
  25. Geography
  26. Geology
  27. History
  28. Law
  29. Civil Engineering
  30. Economics
  31. Commerce and Accountancy
  32. Electrical Engineering
  33. Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Science
  34. Anthropology

BPSC Personal Interview Test

The candidates selected in order of merit on the results of the Main Exam shall have to appear for the final and last stage of the BPSC Exam i.e. Personality Test. Each candidate will be asked questions on matters of general interest. The objective of the test will be to assess the candidate’s personal qualities e.g., alertness of mind, power of clear and logical exposition, intellectual and moral integrity, leadership and also the candidate’s range of interests.

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