Quiz: Civil Engineering
Topic: SOIL MECHANICS
Each question carries 1 mark
Negative marking: 1/3 mark
Time: 8 Minutes
Q1. A soil has bulk density of 17.6 KN/m³ and water content 10%. if void ratio remains constant then the bulk density for water content of 20% will be
(a) 16.13 KN/m³
(b) 19.20 KN/m³
(c) 19.36 KN/m³
(d) 17.6 KN/m³
Q2. A fully saturated soil has a water content of 200 percent. If G = 2.6, the void ratio is:
(d) None of these above
Q3. A sand deposit has a porosity of 1/3 and its specific gravity is 2.5. The critical hydraulic gradient to cause sand boiling in the stratum will be
Q4. A load of 4000 kN is uniformly distributed over an area of 3m × 3m. Average vertical stress at a depth of 2m below will be (assuming 2 vertical : 1 horizontal distribution) –
(a) 250 kN/m²
(b) 160 kN/m²
(c) 200 kN/m²
(d) 220 kN/m²
Q5. Allowable bearing pressure for a foundation depends on:
(a) Allowable settlement only
(b) Ultimate bearing capacity only
(c) Both allowable settlement and ultimate bearing capacity
(d) Neither allowable settlement nor ultimate bearing capacity
Q6. Piles which are driven into the ground until a hard stratum is reached are termed as ________.
(a) friction piles
(b) bearing piles
(c) sheet piles
(d) batter piles
Sol. 〖r_bulk〗_1=17.6 kN/m^3
Void ratio (e)=constant
dry density (r_d )=r_b/(1+w)
r_b α (1+w)
〖r_b〗_1/〖r_b〗_2 =((1+w_1 ))/((1+w_2 ) )
17.6/〖r_b〗_2 =((1+0.1))/((1+0.2) )
Sol. water content (w) = 200%
Void Ratio (e) = ?
→ soil is fully saturated (S = 1)
Se = WG
1×e = 2×2.6
Sol. porosity (n) = 1/3
G = 2.5
Critical hydraulic gradient (ic) = ?
e = n/(1-n )=(1\/3)/(2\/3)=0.5
Average vertical stress at a depth of 2 m below.
Sol. Allowable bearing pressure for a foundation depends on both allowable settlement and ultimate bearing capacity
Sol. pile on the basis of their action –
End bearing pile – these piles are driven until a hard stratum is reached. These pile rest stiff or hard strata.
Friction pile – such piles are driven in soft clay or loose sand.