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GATE: Notification, Syllabus, Eligibility, Exam Pattern

GATE or Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering is an examination conducted annually as a gateway to the postgraduate engineering courses. One of the seven Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) or the Indian Institute of Science (IISc) administers this test each year. It is conducted to scrutinize the candidates’ knowledge and understanding of their domains along with quantitative and reasoning ability. The representatives of the administering institutes collectively form a GATE Committee, which is the sole authority responsible for conducting the examination and publishing the results.

For the ease of management, the examination cities are partitioned into 8 Zones manages by the Zonal GATE Offices, details for which are given below.

Zones Institutes Official Websites
Zone 1 IISc Bangalore
Zone 2 IIT Kanpur
Zone 3 IIT Mumbai
Zone 4 IIT Roorke
Zone 5 IIT Madras
Zone 6 IIT Kharagpur
Zone 7 IIT Guwahati
Zone 8 IIT Delhi

The Gate Score is accepted by esteemed organizations of India, such as IITs, IISc, NITs, Government Engineering Colleges, etc. Some Public Sector Units (PSUs) also mandate a valid GATE score for their recruitments.

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GATE Registration Forms are made available by the organizing IIT during the first week of September, every year. And the Examination is conducted on the first and second weekends of February. Candidates can opt for GATE test centers spread across 200 cities in India, and 6 cities located abroad.

Based on the previous year trends, given below is the tentative schedule for GATE 2021:

Beginning of the Online Registrations First week of September 2020
Last Date for Submission of the Application Forms Fourth week of September 2020
Last Date for Change of Examination City (Additional Fee is Applicable) Third week of November 2020
Availability of Admit Card First week of January 2021
GATE 2021 Examination First and Second Weekends of February 2021
Announcement of Result Third week of March 2021

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GATE Exam Pattern

  • There are 65 questions in the examination that are of two types – Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs) and Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions.
  • The aspirants get a choice of 4 answers for the MCQs carrying 1 and 2 marks per question in all the sections and papers and attract a penalty of 1/3 mark for 1 mark question, and 2/3 mark deduction for 2 mark question.
  • NAT Questions are also assigned a weightage of 1 and 2 marks per question in all the sections and papers. There is no negative marking for these questions.
  • The examination comprises an online test carrying a total of 100 marks amongst which General Aptitude (GA) has a weightage of 15 marks for all the subject codes, wherein 5 questions carry 1 mark each, and another 5 questions valued at 2 marks each.
  • For the papers with exam codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, ST, and XL, the questions related to the subject of the paper hold the remaining 85 marks.
  • The papers with subject codes AE, AG, BM, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME, MN, MT, PE, PI, TF, and XE, includes a section for Engineering Mathematics which has a weightage of 15 The remaining 70% of the total marks is devoted to the respective subjects of the papers.

GATE Subjects

Aspirants can select the GATE subject according to the discipline of their graduation. GATE is held for 25 subjects, which are as follows:

  1. AE: Aerospace Engineering
  2. AG: Agricultural Engineering
  3. AR: Architecture and Planning
  4. BM: Biomedical Engineering
  5. BT: Biotechnology
  6. CE: Civil Engineering
  7. CH: Chemical Engineering
  8. CS: Computer Sc. and Information Technology
  9. CY: Chemistry
  10. EC: Electronics and Communication Engineering
  11. EE: Electrical Engineering
  12. EY: Ecology and Evolution
  13. GG: Geology and Geophysics
  14. IN: Instrumentation Engineering
  15. MA: Mathematics
  16. ME: Mechanical Engineering
  17. MN: Mining Engineering
  18. MT: Metallurgical Engineering
  19. PE: Petroleum Engineering
  20. PH: Physics
  21. PI: Production and Industrial Engineering
  22. ST: Statistics
  23. TF: Textile Engineering and Fiber Science
  24. XE – Engineering Sciences#*
  25. XL: Life Sciences#*

#XE – A: Engineering Mathematics;

#XL – P: Chemistry;

*XE – A: Engineering Mathematics, B: Fluid Mechanics, C: Materials Science, D: Solid Mechanics, E: Thermodynamics, F: Polymer Science and Engineering, G: Food Technology, H: Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences;

*XL – P: Chemistry, Q: Biochemistry, R: Botany, S: Microbiology, T: Zoology, U: Food Technology


Candidates are required to check their eligibility based on educational qualifications before applying for the examination. The following table lists the provisional eligibility criteria for GATE 2021:

Qualifying Degree Qualifying Degree/Examinations Eligibility Year of Qualification not later than
B.E. / B.Tech. / B.Pharm. Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineering/ Technology (4 years after 10+2 or 3 years after B.Sc./Diploma in Engineering/Technology) Currently in the final year or already completed 2021
B. Arch. Bachelor’s degree holders of Architecture (5 years course)/Naval Architecture (4 years course)/Planning (4 years course) Currently in the final year or already completed 2021
B.Sc. (Research)/ B.S. Bachelor’s degree in Science (Post-Diploma/4 years after 10+2) Currently in the 4th year or already completed 2021
Pharm. D. (after 10+2) Degree holders of 6 years program, consisting of internship or residency training during the sixth year Currently in the 4th/5th/6th year or already completed 2023
M. Sc. /M.A. /MCA or equivalent Master’s degree in any branch of Science / Mathematics/Statistics/Computer Applications or equivalent Currently in the final year or already completed 2021
Int. M.E. / M.Tech. (Post-B.Sc.) Post-BSc Integrated Master’s degree programs in Engineering/Technology (4 years program) Currently in the 2nd/3rd/4th year or already completed 2023
Int. M.E. / M.Tech. or Dual Degree (after Diploma or 10+2) Integrated Master’s degree program or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology (5 years program) Currently in the 4th/5th year or already completed 2022
Int. M.Sc./ Int. B.S.-M.S. Integrated M.Sc. or 5 years integrated B.S.-M.S. program Currently in the final year or already completed 2021
Professional Society Examinations (equivalent to B.E./B.Tech./ B.Arch.) B.E./B.Tech./B.Arch. equivalent examinations of Professional Societies, recognized by MHRD/ UPSC/AICTE (e.g., AMIE by Institution of Engineers-India, AMICE by the Institute of Civil Engineers-India and so on) Completed Section A or equivalent of such professional courses NA
MBBS Degree holders of M.B.B.S. and those who are in the 7th/8th/9th semester of such program. 2021

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GATE eligibility for international students

  • For international candidates with Engineering & Technology background – the duration of their undergraduate degree must be at least 4 years, and it must have been completed or the candidate is appearing for the final year/ semester.
  • For international candidates with a Science background – the duration of their postgraduate degree in a relevant discipline must be at least 2 years, and it must have been completed or the candidate is appearing for the final year/ semester.


Once the official notification for GATE 2021 is out, the syllabus for the same will be disclosed by the organizing institute. For their reference, the candidates can refer to the information brochure for GATE 2020 available on the site

Q1. What is GATE exam 2020?
Ans. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a national level engineering entrance exam held annually by Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Bangalore and the seven Indian Institutes of Technology. Successful candidates get admission in M.E / M. Tech

Q2. What are the advantages of gate?
Ans. Advantage of a Single Exam
PSUs hiring through GATE saves a lot of their time and effort. GATE is a single exam that tests the candidates on their respective engineering discipline as well as the analytical and decision-making abilities. Students qualifying in this entrance exam have to know their subject well.

Q3.What is the good score in gate?
Tech courses offered by NITs. The candidates who secure GATE scores between 350 to 800+ will most probably stand a chance of being allotted into one of the institutes. The required GATE scores for admissions into other Universities and engineering institutes depends upon their respective admission committee.

Q.4 How much CGPA is required for gate?
or getting direct admission you need to have CGPA of 8.5 or 75% marks in aggregate for general category; or CGPA of 7.5 or 70% marks in aggregate for SC/ST category . and for getting admission through interview , you need to have CGPA 6.75 on 10 point scale or 60% marks in aggregate

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