Each question carries 1 mark.
Negative marking: 1/4 mark
Total Questions: 06
Time: 08 min.
Q1. The short circuit test in a transformer is used to determine……
(a) Eddy current
(b) Hysteresis loss
(c) Copper loss at any load
(d) Iron loss at any load
Q2. Two coils with self-inductances 1 H and 2 H having a mutual inductance of 1 H between them carry currents of 2 A and √2 A respectively. The energy stored in the field, in joules, is
Q3. Ferranti effect happens in a transmission line when line is
(a) short and unloaded
(b) long and unloaded
(c) short and loaded
(d) none of the above
Q4. What is the ratio of starting torque and maximum torque of a 3-phase, 50 Hz, 4 pole induction motor for maximum torque at 1200 rpm?
Q5. If the gain of the open-loop system is doubled, the gain margin
(a) Becomes half
(b) Gets doubled
(c) Becomes one-fourth
(d) Is not affected
Q6. Match the following
Sol. SC test of transformer:
Used to determine copper loss or ohmic loss
LV side short circuited
Instruments kept on HV side
Also determines equivalent resistance and leakage reactance
Sol. ACQ: L_1=1 H,L_2=2 H & M=1 H
& i_1=2 A,i_2=√2 A
Energy stored=[1/2 L_1 i_1^2+1/2 L_2 i_2^2+Mi_1 i_2 ]J
Ferranti effect occurs for medium and long transmission line.
Due to Ferranti effect, receiving end voltage is more than sending end voltage.ie.V_R>V_S
It occurs at light loaded or no-load condition.
Sol. N_s=120f/P=(120×50)/4=1500 rpm
Sol. Gain margin is calculated at phase cross over frequency. At phase cross-over frequency phase of G(jω) is -180⁰.
If X becomes doubled then the GM becomes half.
Sol. Bridges used for measurement of inductance:
Anderson bridge (Q<1).
Maxwell bridge (1<Q<10).
Hay bridge (Q>10).